Put a smart "cerebellum" on the car, and VMC will be the first to be applied to the new Zhiji next year.

journalist | Gan Wenjia
Picture source | Enterprise official

Part of the material of this article comes from SAIC Financial Holdings.
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Beginners on the road may be at a loss in the face of difficult scenes such as narrow road sticking and turning around in place. Don’t worry, your car will automatically "pass"; When the city is congested, the car will automatically adjust (shock absorber, and at the same time control the opening of the switch or the braking force to cooperate), so that bad experiences such as starting to look up and nodding the brakes will no longer occur; The road ahead is sharp, and the car senses it earlier than you do. Steering, braking and suspension work together to reduce the turning radius, making the turning safer and more comfortable …

If the smart car is compared to a person, then the car also needs a smart "cerebellum", that is, the vehicle central coordinated motion controller (VMC) to dominate the whole body movement. As we all know, the brain is an organ that regulates the body’s functions and controls people’s movements and feelings, while the role of the cerebellum is to regulate muscle movements and maintain the balance of the human body. The cerebellum feeds back the information from the exercise to the brain, thus playing the role of regulating and correcting the exercise. The "cerebellum" of the intelligent chassis is not simply executed after receiving the instructions from the central computing and decision-making unit "Brain", but comprehensively considers the current application scenarios, optimizes the handling performance and ride comfort on the basis of ensuring vehicle safety, and then distributes the instructions to steering, braking and suspension, and finally realizes the coordinated control of six degrees of freedom (front and rear, left and right, up and down) in X, Y and Z directions, "muscle" and ""

In the next three years, SAIC will devote itself to building a brand-new "scientific and technological life". Including "intelligent brain", "agile body" and "strong heart". Among them, the "agile body" is the first to achieve a breakthrough in the "VMC technology of the whole vehicle", which keeps the vehicle body stable in different driving modes and various road conditions. It is reported that VMC will be first applied to the new Zhiji car next year. At present, SAIC’s intelligent solution integrating people, vehicles and environment is undergoing research and development, testing and verification.

Chassis by wire or smart car
The last piece of "puzzle"

In the new electronic architecture, the automobile execution system is also undergoing changes. From traditional chassis to electric chassis, and then to intelligent chassis, automobile chassis is welcoming brand-new changes.

Vehicle control is nothing more than longitudinal control represented by braking, lateral control represented by steering, and suspension control represented by up and down, which corresponds to six degrees of freedom of automobile movement. In order to meet the strict requirements of faster response speed and higher control accuracy of automatic driving, intelligent chassis needs brake, steering and suspension components by wire, and intelligent chassis has also become a wire-controlled chassis.

Chassis-by-wire system transmits the driver’s operation command to the actuator through the electronic controller, replacing the connection and execution from the traditional mechanical structure such as steering wheel and pedal, so it has the advantages of high precision, high safety and high response speed. By controlling the chassis with digital signals, the mechanical decoupling of the control system and the execution system can be realized. The drive-by-wire chassis can not only meet the requirements of higher-level automatic driving, but also enrich the imagination space of the intelligent cockpit and bring a safer and more comfortable driving experience to the occupants.

The chassis by wire mainly includes three core components: brake by wire, steering by wire and suspension system. Among them, brake-by-wire can not only meet the requirements of rapid response of automatic driving, but also meet the rigid requirements of energy recovery and increasing cruising range of new energy vehicles, and the market penetration rate is rapidly increasing. At present, the electro-hydraulic braking EHB system has been widely used in high-end pure electric vehicles. Although additional safety redundant equipment is needed, the intelligent Two-Box scheme is still more common in the short term, and the penetration rate of the intelligent One-Box will be significantly improved in the next few years.

Steer-by-wire steering is a rigid demand in the intelligent driving stage, which is gradually emerging. At present, it is in the stage of research and development verification and just getting on the bus, and it will also become a technical hotspot in the next few years. In the next 10 years, the penetration rate of steer-by-wire will reach 50%.

Since the beginning of this year, the air suspension system has been put on the market with some models, and the market popularity has also climbed once.

From the reality, with the acceleration of intelligent by-wire control system in smart electric vehicles to improve the competitiveness of brand models, by 2025, the domestic smart chassis market is expected to expand rapidly, which is expected to reach more than 50 billion yuan. Among them, the technical reserve of brake-by-wire is relatively mature, and the market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 34% from 2022 to 2025; In the next 4-5 years, the improvement of its assembly rate will provide a core increment for the smart chassis market, while steer-by-wire and air suspension are expected to enter the pre-assembly lead-in period in 2025.

Cross-domain fusion
Flexible deployment

From a technical point of view, at present, there is a trend of integration of various systems of automobiles, such as intelligent cockpit and intelligent driving, which are being integrated across domains. Zhang Ying, president of Bosch Chassis Control System in China, said that compared with the traditional chassis control system, in which all components are relatively independent for longitudinal, lateral and vertical vehicle dynamic control, VMC can adapt the chassis that was basically "just for itself" to the trend, and integrate the functions of transmission system, driving system, steering system and braking system into multiple systems, which greatly improves the vertical integration ability of chassis development, and can be flexibly deployed in pairs.

Steering and braking integration. It is very difficult for ordinary drivers to slam the steering wheel or make a big correction if they turn a corner on the icy road. When steer-by-wire and brake can be combined, the steering wheel angle and brake controller of steer-by-wire can be controlled in coordination, and the brake and actuator of steer-by-wire are integrated. Ordinary drivers can turn with the help of technological innovation, without worrying about oversteering or understeering, avoiding obstacles successfully and easily turning corners smoothly.

Brake and suspension fusion. Suspension system should not only meet the requirements of comfort, but also take into account the requirements of handling stability. Comfort is also related to the braking system. If the braking is too urgent, there will be phenomena such as braking nodding and unstable control. Comfortable braking function makes you an "old driver" in seconds. Through the precise software control of the system, a part of the braking pressure can be released smoothly in an instant before the vehicle stops, which can greatly alleviate the vehicle nodding and ensure the vehicle to stop very safely.

Integration of braking and power system. When the car starts on smooth roads such as snow and ice, the driving wheels may slip and the direction will be out of control, which will lead to danger. The driving torque vector control and braking control are combined with each other, and the acceleration potential of the vehicle is fully tapped, the curve limit is exerted and the dynamic response is optimized through the optimal distribution of axle or wheel torque.

Integration of VMC and ADAS. In order to meet the richer functional experience in NAD autopilot scene, the chassis needs to provide a bearing platform for autopilot system, cockpit system and power system. In the NAD autopilot scenario, VMC can integrate four-wheel drive distribution, brake-by-wire and variable suspension functions to maximize the dynamic performance of the vehicle, while supporting high-level autopilot scenarios. Through FOTA upgrade, it can be flexibly upgraded and quickly iterated.

Safety and comfort
Have your cake and eat it.

As a safety component, intelligent chassis has the highest functional safety level requirements. Functional safety is the core requirement of intelligent chassis and autonomous driving development. If the high-order automatic driving system comes, redundant braking and fail-safe will become the most important. Only on the basis of safety can driving be pleasant, comfortable, agile and personalized.

When the smart car develops to L3 or above, the driver will no longer control the car for a considerable part of the driving process, and the main responsibility of driving has changed from the driver to the system itself, which brings great challenges to the performance and safety of the whole chassis. For the drive-by-wire chassis, the most important requirements are safety and redundancy, and redundancy is also safe in essence. VMC has two backup schemes of independent actuators. When the main controller fails, the redundant controller takes over, which can systematically reduce the risk of failure of key functions.

The intelligent chassis is divided into two important parts: one is the chassis execution part, which realizes the coordinated control in X, Y and Z directions and the coordinated wire control optimization; Second, the chassis domain control system, based on the advantages of strong hardware and high performance chassis, further realizes the whole domain fusion control and rapid iteration of chassis through experience drive.

With the development trend and evolution of centralized electronic and electrical architecture, chassis control will be promoted to the concept of "domain". Combined with the chassis hardware system, the intelligent chassis domain controller can comprehensively design and adjust the chassis comfort and handling.

VMC can uniformly adjust and control air spring height, shock absorber damping, electronic parking and other functions. The controller detects the vehicle state through the signal received by the sensor, determines the optimal parameter instruction according to the algorithm or control strategy, adjusts the spring stiffness and damping state of the shock absorber, and increases the correction of pitch and roll to enhance the control of the vehicle body. For example, when driving in the field with poor road conditions and encountering a protruding obstacle in front, VMC system will "command" the air spring to raise the height of the car body, and at the same time adjust the electric shock absorber to make the vehicle smooth. In the face of bumpy roads, the system will also use compensation braking to alleviate jitter.

Thanks to VMC, after adjusting a large number of key components such as tires, air suspension and steering system, each car realizes the combination of comfort and handling, and develops various driving modes such as sports, comfort and energy saving according to road conditions and driving habits of users to meet the individual needs of users. At the same time, VMC relies on continuous collection and identification of users’ personalized driving data, and provides driving experience that meets users’ psychological expectations through human-vehicle interaction and self-learning iteration.

Different routes
"Zero" requires cooperation.

The Roadmap of Intelligent Chassis Technology for Electric Vehicles establishes the development goal of intelligent chassis, and the overall goal is that by 2030, intelligent chassis will meet the requirements of first-class products and leading technology. "The next 10 years will be a major strategic opportunity period for China’s intelligent chassis technology innovation and industrial development." Li Jun, then chairman of China Automotive Engineering Society, pointed out at the 2023 Electric Vehicle Intelligent Chassis Conference. At the same time, the intelligent chassis industry has also entered a critical stage of technical competition. Among them, the chassis domain controller has become a battleground for intelligent chassis development.

In the past, the international Tier 1 controlled the core of chassis control technology and provided "black box" chassis solutions for car companies. Many car companies, especially China brands, are highly dependent on suppliers’ development support, and the development time is long and the constraints are high, resulting in the lack of deep-seated chassis function integration development ability of the main engine factory, which makes the vehicles only meet some simple basic driving experiences, with few extended functions and relatively single driving experience.

On the one hand, with the rapid launch of new models, car companies urgently need to change the current situation. In the view of some OEMs, the high integration of software and hardware and cross-domain integration control ability are the core competencies that car companies must have in the era of smart cars, and they must be in their own hands. At present, some OEMs, such as BYD, Ideality and Weilai Automobile, have started full-stack self-research in this respect, and tend to plan chassis domain, convergence domain and other architectures, and lead the development of application software, and also put forward the requirements of "white box" delivery software for suppliers.

On the other hand, the international Tier 1 will obviously not give up the current market interests. Bosch China said that ABS and ESP are one of Bosch’s main products at present, and we are taking smart chassis as our next goal. ZF and Jidu have jointly developed the next generation of intelligent chassis technology to support automobile robots to "move freely".

With the continuous upgrading of R&D technology, coupled with the advantages of stable supply chain, rapid development and market response, China suppliers are likely to catch up with others. Among them, since the mass production of One-box line control products in 2021, Bethel has carried a number of models to the market. At the same time, local start-ups such as Nathan, Tongyu, Likun and Grubo have successfully mass-produced brake-by-wire products based on the Two-box scheme, achieving a new breakthrough in localization.

There are various indications that in the field of intelligent chassis, especially in VMC, the boundary between OEMs and suppliers in the technical field has become blurred, and the technical route of domain controllers will also be "contended by a hundred schools of thought". Borders are often fought out, but at the same time, there are opportunities for cooperation in competition.

Zhang Jinhua, chairman of the China Society of Automotive Engineering, suggested that we should advocate adhering to the sense of cooperation, deepen the whole-scale cooperation, cross-border cooperation and international cooperation, and deepen the synergy between the industrial chain.

Although the full-stack self-developed chassis domain control allows the main engine factory to master more autonomy, it also needs to consider the cost and efficiency. The drive-by-wire chassis products need a lot of adjustment work and the full cooperation of the parts manufacturers. The advantage of the main engine factory is to integrate the parts control provided by suppliers. In the future, the direction of cooperation between the two parties is likely to be to jointly define the system architecture and development design, and all parties will contribute their own "points" and unite to achieve a "breakthrough". Specifically, the supplier may only be responsible for providing the hardware and doing the underlying driver, and then open the control right to the OEM to do in-depth joint development with the OEM, so as to improve the development efficiency and software reusability, speed up the iteration and reduce the cost.

Expert: Microsoft Black Screen is suspected of illegally controlling the computer system.

  In recent years, China’s Internet users have maintained sustained and rapid growth. By the end of November this year, the number of Internet users had reached 290 million, surpassing the United States and ranking first in the world. At the same time, the network "hacker" crime is also increasingly rampant.


  The crime of hacking into civil computers


  In recent years, China’s Internet users have maintained sustained and rapid growth. By the end of November this year, the number of Internet users had reached 290 million, surpassing the United States and ranking first in the world.



Microsoft’s monopoly is controversial.


  Criminal law amendment


  Yesterday (December 23rd), the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) deliberated the seventh draft of the Criminal Law Amendment. The new draft specially adds relevant clauses to crack down on hacker crimes, and its application scope extends to other computer information systems other than state affairs, national defense construction and cutting-edge science and technology.


  In addition, the revision of the new draft will also crack down on "underground money houses" and illegal operation of securities, futures and insurance businesses, and it is planned to clearly define the constitutive elements of the crime of organizing pyramid schemes.


  Keywords: 1 Hacking crime


  Providing hacking programs will also be punished.


  Internet hackers who illegally control a large number of computers may face jail time. The seventh draft of the Criminal Law Amendment, which was considered by the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) for the second time, defined the serious act of illegally invading the civil computer information system as a "crime", which was added at the suggestion of the Ministry of Public Security.


  Article 285 of the Criminal Law has stipulated that anyone who invades the computer information system in the fields of state affairs, national defense construction and cutting-edge science and technology shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention. The Ministry of Public Security believes that at present, some people use technical means to illegally invade computer information systems beyond the above provisions, which seriously endangers network security, and criminal responsibility should also be investigated for such acts.


  Li Shishi, deputy director of the NPC Law Committee, said in his explanation of the draft that the draft adds two provisions to Article 285 of the Criminal Law: "Whoever violates state regulations, invades other computer information systems other than those specified in the preceding paragraph, obtains data stored, processed or transmitted in the computer information system, or illegally controls the computer information system, if the circumstances are serious, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention, and shall also or shall only be fined; If the circumstances are particularly serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years and fined. "


  At the same time, "those who provide programs and tools specially used for invading or illegally controlling computer information systems, or who knowingly provide programs and tools to others for invading or illegally controlling computer information systems, if the circumstances are serious, shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph."


  Keywords: 2 Underground money house


  Run an underground money house or investigate criminal responsibility


  The seventh draft of the Criminal Law Amendment also added provisions to crack down on "underground money houses". "Those who illegally engage in securities, futures and insurance business without the approval of the relevant state authorities, or illegally engage in fund payment and settlement business, with a large amount, shall be investigated for criminal responsibility."


  This regulation comes from the rampant activities of "underground money houses" put forward by the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council and the Ministry of Public Security. It is suggested that the behavior of "underground money houses" to evade financial supervision and illegally handle large-sum fund transfer and other fund payment and settlement services for others should be listed separately in the criminal law on the crime of illegal business.


  Keywords: 3 military vehicle number plate


  Buying and selling military cards can be sentenced to a maximum of seven years.


  The first-instance draft of the amendment to the Criminal Law stipulates the act of forging, stealing, buying or selling or illegally providing or using special signs such as the number plates of armed forces vehicles, and stipulates that the maximum sentence is three years’ imprisonment. The revised draft raises the maximum term of imprisonment for the above-mentioned acts. If the circumstances are particularly serious, they will be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years and fined.


  The draft of the second instance did not make any new amendments to the provisions of the draft of the first instance, such as the sentencing of the crime of huge amount of property with unknown sources and the crimes committed by people around public officials.


  Keywords: 4 MLM crime


  Organize pyramid selling to clarify the form of crime


  On the basis of adding the crime of organizing pyramid selling, the new draft further clarifies the constitutive elements of this crime form. In the second draft, it is clearly stipulated that in the name of business activities such as selling goods and providing services, organizations and leaders require participants to obtain the qualification of joining by paying fees or purchasing goods and services, and form hierarchies in a certain order, directly or indirectly using the number of developers as the basis for remuneration or rebate, inducing and coercing participants to continuously develop pyramid schemes in which others participate, defrauding property and disrupting economic and social order, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than five years or criminal detention and fined; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than five years and fined.


  "Microsoft’s black screen is no different from hacking." Experts say that Microsoft is suspected of "illegally controlling" the computer system.


  ■ Expert interpretation


  Defining "illegal control" is first of all against the will of the parties. Lv Jingjian, director of china computer federation, said that Microsoft’s previous "black screen" action was the same as that of a hacker from a technical point of view-it modified the computer without authorization.



Microsoft giants (Gates on the left and Ballmer on the right)


  [Keywords:] illegal control


  Against the will of the parties


  As for how to define illegal control, Lv Jingjian, director of china computer federation, thinks that it is against the will of the parties, such as remotely modifying the settings-how to use and configure the computer is the right of the user, and implementing the modification without authorizing a third party is against the will of the parties. In addition, large-scale control of other computer information systems should also be suspected of the provisions of the current draft, but if it is just a prank, it is difficult to define it as a crime.


  Lu Jingjian said that from a technical point of view, general computer information systems have loopholes, and if they are discovered by opponents, they will be attacked. The service of providing bug fixes can be regarded as a commitment and responsibility for product quality. And Microsoft’s black screen plan, when repairing for users, left something behind-two plans of Microsoft’s black screen, WGA(WINDOWS Value-added Plan) and OGA(OFFICE Value-added Plan), were released to provide value-added services for genuine users. If Microsoft finds that users are not using genuine products during the service, it will leave a "logic bomb" and black the screen once an hour. Accordingly, he believes that Microsoft is the same as a hacker from a technical point of view.


  [Keywords:] information system


  Widely used in life


  For non-professionals, the understanding of computer information system is usually desktop computer. Lu Jingjian explained that without an operating system, it is also a computer system to directly run operating codes.


  At present, the embedded system accounts for more than 90% of the application of computer information system, but it is also a big loophole in network security. For example, some imported printers have embedded processors. When printing through a computer, the data is first stored in the memory, but it will not be deleted after printing, so it may be stolen.


  Embedded systems are widely used in elevators, cars and mobile phones, and remote control is entirely possible.


  [Keywords:] hacker role


  Face up to potential and strengthen guidance


  As a director of the Computer Society, Lv Jingjian does not agree to crack down on hackers. "Hackers, Ke Bai and honker have made special contributions to the work of improving technology. For example, 70% of the defects in computer software are detected, and many defects are picked out by these people."


  Lv Jingjian believes that they can play their role in many aspects. For example, after the important software comes out, some people can be called to help test it, and some rewards will be given after the test. Lv Jingjian believes that if there are these channels, most people may go in this direction, and the remaining "Jiang Yang thieves" will be few, and the public security departments can also concentrate on dealing with them.


  He suggested that after the introduction of the law, the state should introduce supplementary measures and reward mechanisms. "Industry and academia should face up to hackers and guide them to the right path." (The text is a pseudonym) (Wu Peng)

Editor: Wang Jiaolong

Ten spy war dramas with zero bad reviews are suspenseful and brain-burning, and the last one is seriously underestimated.

Original title: 10 spy war dramas with zero bad reviews, suspense and brain-burning, and the last one was seriously underestimated.

Among many types of TV dramas, spy war dramas always attract a large number of loyal audiences with their unique suspense and intellectual competition. This type of drama not only tells the tense and challenging information wars in history, but also deeply discusses the complexity and diversity of human nature. In this article, we selected 10 spy war dramas with excellent reputation, which presented a wonderful intellectual contest for the audience with compact plots, rich characterization and profound theme thinking. However, the underestimation of the last drama may be its uniqueness, which is worth savoring by every audience.

1. "Kite" and "Kite" make people feel a little struggling in the first half: the plot unfolds slowly, the dialogue lacks characteristics, frequent memories distract people, and the behavior of the protagonist Jiang Xin is puzzling, and Han Bing’s tone is also difficult to adapt to. However, with the development of the plot, especially after Zheng Yaoxian and Han Bing were sent to the reform-through-labour farm, the plot gradually deepened, showing the profound influence of the background of the times on individual destiny. The lines become more grounded, and the plot is driven by events rather than lengthy dialogues. When the plot developed to Zheng Yaoxian walking alone on the road, it was already old, and the audience was involuntarily moved.

2. Cliff and Cliff are generally well-made works, with frequent plot twists and turns, and occasional interludes add interest to the plot, but there are also many logical loopholes in the play. For example, the protagonist’s ex-wife once lived in her home as a cousin, but she was completely forgotten in the encounter after many years, which is quite far-fetched. In addition, the important witness clues in the play were suddenly put forward without follow-up, which made the process of solving the case seem a little regrettable.

3. With its unique narrative style, The Assassination tells a series of gripping spy war stories. This drama is not limited to traditional espionage, but also explores the truth of human nature and history in a deeper level. Surprisingly, in addition to the intense spy war plot, the play also contains a profound analysis of the good and evil of human nature, which constitutes the unique charm of the play.

4. Before Dawn and Before Dawn present an interesting and thought-provoking masterpiece for the audience with its solid plot, correct values and smooth logic. Although there are many descriptions of bitterness and suffering in the play, its true service approach to life, the actors’ online acting skills and clear and smooth dialogue have made this play a favorite of many viewers. Thank you to all the staff in the front and back stage of the crew for bringing us such a TV series full of human care and artistic appeal.

5. As a classic spy war drama, Latency profoundly depicts the power of faith and the brilliance of human nature. The emotional interweaving between Yu Zecheng and Zuo Lan, Zuo Lan’s sacrifice and Yu Zecheng’s choice at a major historical moment all show the inner struggle and persistence of the characters. There are not only tense plots in the play, but also delicate descriptions of characters’ emotions, especially the love line between Yu Zecheng and Cui Ping, which shows profound human concern.

6. "Red" and "Red" describe the story of Xu Tian’s efforts to protect his family and loved ones in turbulent times. Although he only wanted to live an ordinary life, he was unfortunately involved in a series of complicated events. As a strong woman in the play, Tian Dan protects herself with her calmness and wisdom. The performance of those annoying Japanese characters in the play and the wonderful interpretation of the role of Jin Ye all add a lot of color to the plot. Some philosophical dialogues in the play are also a major feature of the play.

7. The plot arrangement in "Mask" and "Mask" is a little far-fetched, and the characters around the hero always seem to die strangely in an unreasonable way, which makes the plot seem unnatural. Sudden plot twists, such as the just sheriff unexpectedly becoming a hidden spy, and the sudden change of other roles, make people feel a little abrupt. Love clues are also difficult to put into. On the whole, the rationality of the plot needs to be strengthened.

8. The plot of "Never Gone Radio Wave" and "Never Gone Radio Wave" is divided into several obvious chapters, but the characterization of some characters, how to Lanfen, is not successful, which makes the story appear stiff in some places. If there were more characters like Ye Xingcheng in the play, the story would be more exciting. The heroism in the play is too strong, sometimes it seems too idealistic and not close to reality.

9. "Secret and Great" and "Secret and Great" show how to properly use idol actors in spy war dramas with their compact plots and proper use of actors. In the play, complex inner drama and emotional drama are given to competent actors, but idol actors are not forced to go beyond their acting scope. This kind of director’s wise choice and sense of responsibility ensures the quality of the drama, and at the same time shows the audience a commercial and in-depth work.

10. "No regrets" and "No regrets" are different in style, giving people a feeling that they are not quite made in mainland China. There are some similarities with Kite, especially in the grounding of lines, which successfully reflects the real life of the people at that time. Such a dialogue full of life has become rare in the current drama series. This drama is not only an entertainment work, but also an important channel for understanding history and self-reflection. It aroused people’s nostalgia and interest in TV dramas in the 1990s.

Through the review of these 10 spy war dramas, it is not difficult to find that whether it is the tense plot arrangement, the profound characterization or the true restoration of the historical background, these works show the unique charm of this type of spy war drama. They are not only a tribute to history, but also a profound discussion of human nature, beliefs and ideals. The underestimated drama series may not be widely recognized because of its unique expression and profound connotation. But just like the real spy war, the truth is often hidden under the surface, waiting for the audience to dig and discover. I hope these works can stimulate more discussion and thinking, and let us have a deeper understanding of this complex and fascinating world.

Editor in charge:

Domestic flights of most domestic airlines will completely resume hot food supply.

China Eastern Airlines passengers ate hot meals.

  With the gradual improvement of the domestic epidemic situation, the civil aviation industry has ushered in a rapid recovery. Beijing Youth Daily reporter learned from China Eastern Airlines that China Eastern Airlines resumed the supply of hot meals on domestic flights except Xinjiang and Dalian on August 16th.

  In July, passengers of China Southern Airlines, Hainan Airlines and other airlines have enjoyed steaming meals.

  In August, with China Eastern Airlines, Air China and Shenzhen Airlines resuming hot meals on domestic flights in batches, by mid-August, domestic flights of most domestic airlines will completely resume hot food supply.

  China Eastern Airlines launched more than 500 kinds of aviation meals.

  Since August, China Eastern Airlines’ domestic flight volume has exceeded 2,400 flights per day, which has returned to more than 95% of the normal level, and simultaneously launched "Fly with Your Heart 2.0" & mdash; — "Fly at will in the morning and evening" aviation products. Faced with the rapid recovery of the civil aviation market, according to the relevant requirements for the prevention and control of normalized epidemic situation in various places, China Eastern Airlines began to resume hot meals on domestic flights in an orderly manner in August. From business boutique routes in Beijing, Shanghai and other places to routes in most parts of the country, China Eastern Airlines launched more than 500 kinds of aviation meals for passengers to taste.

  In the newly launched "Cloud Food", first-class and business-class passengers will not only taste the "China Eastern Airlines Bowl of Noodles" again, but also taste local specialties such as Longjing Shrimp, Rib Rice Cake and Crab Powder Lion Head.

  The "Mother’s Taste" series of meals in economy class will also return, and passengers will be able to taste the home-cooked flavors such as pickled pork noodles, fried tofu pork rice and bacon rice again.

  In addition to dinner, the "Yicai Edainty" series of fine dim sum meals will continue to be served on board. Mung bean cakes, Swiss rolls, energy tarts and other dim sum will be packaged in Chinese style, and will be presented in "hand-held" boxes or paper bags that are convenient to carry according to different shipping spaces.

  China Eastern Airlines provides meals for domestic flights over 91 minutes.

  In the process of making meals, China Eastern Airlines has taken a number of measures to manage production personnel and food raw materials on the basis of the original food safety control system, further strengthening the control of food hygiene. In the process of meal production, we not only do a good job in health examination and temperature measurement of employees in strict accordance with epidemic prevention requirements, but also suspend the purchase and use of imported frozen seafood raw materials, and use beef, pork and other related meal dishes to improve the taste of meals while ensuring the safety and hygiene quality of meals.

  It is reported that after the full recovery of hot meals on August 16, China Eastern Airlines will provide hot meals for all cabin passengers during the morning, noon and evening dinner hours for domestic flights with actual flight time exceeding 91 minutes; In addition, the business class of Xiamen-Shanghai and Changsha-Shanghai routes will also serve hot meals before 8: 30 pm. China Eastern Airlines also practices "CD Action" together with passengers and says "no" to "food waste" through measures such as fine catering, providing more delicious and exquisite meals and verbal tips from flight attendants.

  Earlier, since August 1st, China Eastern Airlines has resumed hot food supply in all round-trip flights on 12 domestic business boutique lines (Shanghai-Beijing/Guangzhou/Shenzhen/Chengdu/Kunming/Chongqing/Xi ‘an, Beijing-Guangzhou/Shenzhen/Chengdu/Chongqing/Xi ‘an).

  Hainan Airlines resumed hot food on domestic flights on July 15th.

  Hainan Airlines announced on August 2 that following the full resumption of hot food supply on domestic flights on July 15, Hainan Airlines launched new catering products with the concept of "comfort" on flights from August 3, and resumed special meal reservations simultaneously.

  After the revision and upgrade of HNA’s business class meals, it will focus on meals with temperature, and replace cold meat, cold dishes or desserts with high sugar and fat with the mode of "three dishes and one soup"; HNA has also added an additional hot food category in economy class for flights with a flight duration of more than 90 minutes. The hot food for dinner can be rice or noodles as the staple food, accompanied by dishes with regional characteristics, and the hot food for breakfast can be fried noodles with Chinese snacks or a combination of fried rice and braised eggs.

  On August 15th, Jixiang Airlines announced that it would launch the brand-new business class dining concept and series products of "Ruyi Trilogy" on all domestic flights from now on, and would resume diversified dining supply on all domestic routes. "Ruyi Trilogy" business class meals, economy class meals and all kinds of drinks on board will be served on domestic flights actually carried by Jixiang Airlines with a flight time of more than 91 minutes.

  Text/reporter Yan Lishuang

"The Scare of the Spy Wars in the Deep Sea" ended, and Ruoyun Zhang got revenge and went to Yan’ an.

Last night (November 18th), the TV series "The Scare of the Deep Sea" ended successfully in the Golden Eagle Solo Theater of Hunan Satellite TV. In the drama, Chen Shan (Ruoyun Zhang) went to Yan ‘an to reunite with Yu Xiaoyou (Adi) after successfully intercepting the traitor Huang Zhizhong’s glorious task of handing over the map of Chongqing Arsenal to the Japanese … At the same time, the topic words related to the finale were widely spread on social networks. Topics such as # Stunned Ending # and # Chen Shanyu’s Little Night Reunion # have aroused the attention and discussion enthusiasm of netizens.

The ratings continue to shine, and the online hot discussion gains a good reputation.

Recently (November 18th), "The Scare of the Spy War in the Deep Sea" came to a close. Chen Shan not only successfully completed the task delivered by the organization, but also smashed the enemy’s plan again. After that, he went to Yan ‘an, a revolutionary base, and continued to fight for his country. Happily, after arriving in Yan ‘an, Chen Shan and Yu Xiaoye finally met. By the end of the season, the ratings of "The Scare of the Spy Wars in the Deep Sea" were excellent, and the single-day ratings continued to maintain the first place in the dual-network ratings of provincial satellite TV, reaching a maximum of 1.727 in CSM59 City. The play index of Vlinkage TV series ranked first on the 23rd. As of the date of publication, the reading volume of # TV series # was 2.52 billion, and the discussion volume reached 1.581 million, which kept the first place among TV series in the same period. What’s more worth mentioning is that the title of # Jing Zhe # has been listed on the hot search list of Weibo for many times, # Jing Zhe #, # Ruoyun Zhang is too difficult #, # Ruoyun Zhang’s reasoning #, # Jing Zhe’s lines #, # Love Yu Xiao Ye #, # Chen Xia came back with the family’s box lunch #, # Yu Xiao Ye saved Chen Shan #, # Chen He went offline #, # Zhang Li. Among them, # Distressed Yu Xiaoye # was ranked second in the hot search list, which was hotly discussed by netizens. Tik Tok platform leads in reading short videos related to the plot, and topics such as # Feeling distressed and staying up late # have been listed on the hot list of Tik Tok for many times.

With the continuous fermentation of online hot discussion, the audience highly praised the refined food production, story rhythm, characterization and other aspects shown in "The Deep Sea of Spy Wars". Exquisite style of the Republic of China, compact narrative rhythm, and actors full of texture and level of acting skills have won unanimous praise from professional film critics in the industry, and also gained a good reputation from the audience. KOL, a senior head and well-known media, deeply analyzed the communication value, production ideas, drama ideas, social values, industry orientation, etc. of "The Deep Sea of Spy Wars" from the perspectives of the breaking and standing of the theme, the innovative setting of the content of "Alternating Life" and the bright performance of young actors, and spread the core quality of the drama for the public. The article "Media Internal Reference" and "Decreasing the quantity and improving the quality is the key" mentioned that "The Scare of the Deep Sea of the Spy War" did not cater to the market blindly, but actually considered that "the content and quality catered to the audience’s preferences, and paid attention to the new space, rhythm setting and non-faceless creation of characters, etc., which became the first breakthrough for the producers in the process of creating a successful spy war drama." As a result, once the drama was broadcast, it gained a win-win situation of word-of-mouth and popularity. "Eagle Eye" of TV series analyzes that "the drama shows the great moment of the national crisis, and everyone is doing their best to protect the country and defend the country" from the aspects of the main characters in the final week of "The Scare of the Spy Wars in the Deep Sea", and "the delicate depiction of each character’s mental journey and growth process makes the role more three-dimensional".It also drives the audience to deeply understand the ideals and pursuits of people with lofty ideals in the war years.

"Sir Movie" praised the fast-paced and rigorous logic revealed at the beginning of "Spy Wars", saying that in the first and second episodes, "the director completed the heartbeat bombing of the audience with narrative without firing a shot." And use "spy, because of dislocation and brilliant; War, thrilling because of balance "spoke highly of the drama tension of the drama series." The "film and television monologue" published a document describing that "The Scare of the Spy War in the Deep Sea" truly combines the unique "detective-style" intrigue with the "national justice" choice. According to the article, "Surprise" reveals the tactics of the spy war world and the crisis of spy work ",and also thoroughly analyzes the" patriotic feelings flowing between real human nature "carried behind no vivid characters.

The emotional core of the drama series, such as caring for the country’s righteousness and paying tribute to the unsung heroes in the bonfire era, has been recognized and praised by many mainstream media in China. People’s Daily said: "Both Chen Shan and Zhang Li have their own beliefs and persistence. At the critical moment of national survival, they are willing to use themselves as kindling to ignite the bonfire of national awakening and rejuvenation. The love, affection, faith and national righteousness of the people in the play are intertwined, and together they have built a real and difficult historical process, which makes the audience unforgettable and forge ahead. "

Chen Shan Yuan Man completed the task and went to Yan ‘an to win the dawn with Yu Xiaoxie.

In last night’s finale, Chen Shan successfully intercepted the task of delivering the distribution map of the Japanese Chongqing Arsenal to the traitor of Juntong, and he embarked on the road of ending hatred by himself. Araki finally tasted the consequences and died in the explosion buried under the strings. Chen Shan thus destroyed the enemy’s plan to control aggression again. Afterwards, he accepted the arrangement of the Party organization and went to Yan ‘an, the revolutionary base, and met Yu Xiaoye. They smiled at each other and hoped for the day of victory … Once the ending was broadcast, netizens also had a heated discussion. "War is cruel and revolution is difficult. Chen Shan lost his closest relatives and friends, but at the cost, he gained more lives. Pain and suffering not only made him radiate the brilliance of human nature, but also made him understand the power of revolution and belief. He finally went to Yan’ an. Fortunately, in the days to come, there will be Yu Xiaoye, a relative. They smiled at each other and must have seen a more hopeful dawn of victory. "

"The Scare of the Deep Sea" was produced by Qiancheng Film and Television Co., Ltd. and Xinli TV Culture Investment Co., Ltd., and was adapted from the novel of the same name by Hai Fei, the winner of the People’s Literature Award and a gold screenwriter. It was written by Sun Hao, starring Ruoyun Zhang, Angel, Sean and Adi, starring Wang Longzheng, and co-starring Calvin, Li Qiang, Gao Shuguang, Wang Wanjuan, Luo Qiuyun and Ji Li.

How many of these technologies from NASA have you seen?

  Today viewpoint

  Aerospace gives people a special feeling of "high cold", which reminds them of advanced fighter planes and magnificent space stations that ordinary people can’t see, touch or use.

  A few days ago, the well-known American website "GOBankingRates" took stock of 25 kinds of technologies originated from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in our daily life, which spread all over our "food, clothing, housing and transportation". They come from the distant sky, but they are convenient for our daily life.

  Food: baby milk powder, freeze-dried fruit, food safety packaging.

  At present, more than 90% of infant formula in the United States contains microalgae. It was originally the product of NASA research, the purpose of which was to test the potential use of algae as an oxygen "recycling agent" in space travel.

  Freeze-dried fruit is a common snack. However, the purpose of NASA’s development of freeze-drying technology is to make the fruits in the Apollo mission easier to carry, and this technology can maintain 98% nutrition with 20% quality.

  In order to ensure the safety and quality control method of space flight food development, NASA has now become a food industry standard to protect the food safety of consumers all over the world.

  Life: memory foam mattress, scratch-resistant lenses, anti-ultraviolet sunglasses, cordless vacuum cleaner, Nike air-cushion sports shoes, space blankets, ski boots.

  Comfortable memory foam mattress can fully fit the human body and relieve stress, which is necessary for many families. Memorable foam was not originally used to make mattresses. It was originally developed by NASA to cushion the impact of spacecraft landing on astronauts.

  Compared with ordinary glass, scratch-resistant lenses have a longer life. In fact, the scratch-resistant coating is a "by-product" accidentally discovered by Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) under NASA when researching the diamond hard coating for aerospace.

  In 1980s, two scientists from JPL developed a kind of welding glasses, which can absorb, filter and scatter the strong light emitted during welding. Later, this technology was widely used in anti-ultraviolet sunglasses.

  Initially, Black&Decker was ordered to develop a portable device for Apollo and Gemini missions, which was used to extract samples from below the surface of the moon. This technology has been improved to become a "cordless vacuum cleaner".

  Nike air-cushioned sneakers use the patent of "Blow Rubber Molding" obtained by M. Frank Rudy, a former engineer of NASA. The initial application target of this technology is spacesuit.

  The space blanket is insulated and heat-preserved, which is an essential item for survival in the wild and marathon. But it was originally developed by NASA to protect spacecraft and astronauts at low temperatures.

  In addition, the technology used by NASA in the joints of spacesuits has been improved and used in ski boots, which improves the athletes’ control ability in skiing.

  Home: swimming pool purification system, household heat insulation materials.

  In order to resist the extremely low space temperature, NASA made an insulating material called "radiation barrier" from aluminized polyester. According to JPL, aluminized polyester is now used in most household insulation materials.

  In 1960s, NASA developed an electrolytic silver iodide filter to provide clean drinking water for astronauts, and now it is widely used to purify swimming pools.

  Travel: aircraft deicing system, precision GPS, anti-skid groove on highway, better tires.

  According to NASA’s technology transfer plan, civil aircraft can fly in cold weather, mainly due to a thermoelectric deicing system called Thermawing developed by NASA.

  Many mobile phones are equipped with precision GPS technology developed by JPL, and its data comes from JPL global GPS receiver network. Even if there is no wireless connection, you can still use GPS positioning on your mobile phone.

  NASA’s Langley Research Center has developed anti-skid slot technology to prevent aircraft accidents on wet runways. Later, this technology was widely used in expressways.

  In 1970s, Goodyear Company developed a new tire material for NASA Viking Mars probe, which was used in parachute system. This technology was later used to improve ordinary tires, increasing their life by 10,000 miles.

  Electronic products: mobile phone camera, notebook computer, high-power solar cell, wireless headset, mouse, CAT scanner.

  In the 1990s, NASA asked JPL scientists to make a miniature camera that can be installed on spacecraft while ensuring the quality of photography. According to JPL, one-third of mobile phone cameras now use this technology.

  According to the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, "Grid Compass" is the first notebook computer in the world. It was first used in the space shuttle mission in 1983, which is one of the inventions of NASA.

  The crystalline silicon solar cells used in the home originally came from the lightweight solar energy system developed by the Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology Alliance under NASA for electric aircraft.

  NASA has developed wireless headphones for astronauts to facilitate their communication. Now this technology has entered thousands of households.

  According to JPL, a NASA researcher developed a computer mouse in the 1960s, which allowed users to operate on the computer screen and made the computer more interactive.

  JPL initially developed a CAT scanner to scan aerospace components to get advanced digital images to detect defects. Now, it has become a commonly used medical instrument.

  Medical care: cochlear implant, invisible dental appliance, ear temperature thermometer.

  Adam Kiser, an engineer at Kennedy Space Center, used his working experience in electronic, sound and vibration sensor systems in the space shuttle project to develop early cochlear implants by using electric pulses instead of sound amplification technology.

  Compared with the traditional metal appliance, the invisible dental appliance is more beautiful. It is made of transparent polycrystalline alumina, which was originally developed by NASA to track heat-seeking missiles.

  Nowadays, many parents use ear thermometer to measure the temperature of sick babies or young children. According to JPL, this thermometer adopts infrared dissection technology invented by NASA and Diatek.

  There is always one of these 25 technologies that you have seen, touched and used. Aerospace technology can not only be used in high space, but also improve our quality of life after landing, which is one of the driving forces for human beings to explore and fly higher and farther.

  (Science and Technology Daily, Beijing, July 8 th)

First frost today | The last solar term in autumn has come. Do you know all this knowledge?

"A night of frost and cold wood leaves"
Today, we welcome 24 solar terms.
The eighteenth solar term
It is also the last solar term in autumn-first frost.
This is the last solar term in autumn.
The climate changed from cool to cold.
Everything grows bleak with the cold.
  First frost is the beginning of the transition from autumn to winter.
The weather is getting colder and the first frost appears.
The vegetation began to yellow.
What are the customs of "first frost"?
What is "first frost Third Waiting"?
……
This knowledge,
Watch it with Xiaobian!
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First frost Sanhou

A jackal is a sacrificial animal.
This time of year
The prey that the jackal will catch.
"Display" before eating.
It’s like holding a "animal sacrifice" ceremony.

Second, the vegetation falls yellow.

Boundless falling trees rustle down

As if overnight.

Golden color covered the whole city.

Autumn leaves fall and fly.

The west wind is rolling, and the vegetation is dying.

It’s a unique scene in this season.

Three-waiting stinging insects are salty and prone.

Sting insects curl up in holes and don’t eat.

Hang one’s head and go into hibernation

Nature at this time

Present a kind of quiet beauty

Like a spiritual attitude.

Expect a new life

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First frost custom

Eat persimmon

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In some parts of our country, red persimmons should be eaten in first frost season. In the eyes of local people, this can not only keep out the cold and keep warm, but also strengthen the bones and muscles. The old man in Quanzhou said that first frost ate persimmons: first frost ate diced persimmons, and his nose wouldn’t run.


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Eat duck

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In Minnan area and Taiwan Province area, first frost will take supplements on this day, which is often called "sticking autumn fat" in the north. There is a proverb in southern Fujian, which is called "It is better to make up for first frost in one year", which fully expresses the importance that Fujian and Taiwan people attach to the solar term of first frost. Every time in first frost, ducks in Fujian and Taiwan are very popular.

Chrysanthemum viewing

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In ancient times, there was a saying that "frost hits chrysanthemums". In the eyes of the ancients, chrysanthemums have unusual cultural significance, and climbing the mountain to enjoy chrysanthemums is also one of the elegant things that literati must do in first frost.

First frost season is the time when autumn chrysanthemums are in full bloom. Many places will hold chrysanthemum parties at this time to enjoy chrysanthemums and drink alcohol, so as to show their respect and love for chrysanthemums.

Taro delivery ghost

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Children build the Vatican Tower with tiles, put firewood in the tower and light it. When the tiles burn red, they destroy the tower to simmer taro, which is called "taro pot", and then throw the tiles outside the village, which is called "taro-sending ghost", in order to eliminate the ominous, which shows people’s simple auspicious concept.

ascend a height

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In autumn, the air in mountains and mountains is fresh, and there are less floating dust and pollutants in the atmosphere. Climbing to the top and overlooking in first frost season can not only make the function of the lungs comfortable, but also make people feel relaxed and relaxed.

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"Three Preventions" in first frost

First, prevent autumn dryness

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As the last solar term in autumn, the weather in first frost is getting colder, and autumn dryness is obvious, which is prone to dry mouth, dry lips, dry throat, constipation, dry skin and other phenomena, and dryness is easy to hurt body fluids.

Second, prevent autumn depression

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In late autumn, the weather is getting colder, the plants are yellow, the leaves and fruits are falling, and everything is bleak, which is easy to cause anxiety and make people depressed and depressed.

Three defenses against autumn cold

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First frost solar terms, the temperature plummeted, this time node is no longer suitable for "autumn freezing". For the elderly and children with poor resistance, clothes should be increased or decreased on time, so as to avoid the invasion of damp and cold pathogens and lead to illness.

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First frost’s poetry

First frost.
Heshui Zuo
Once in autumn and dusk, it becomes frost, and some parts condense and some parts are yang.
The lotus is defeated by a thousand pools, and the cotton is harvested in thousands of hectares.
Fu De Jiu Yue Jin (Autumn Word)
Yuan Zhen
After first frost’s 30th birthday, he left a Ye Qiu.
Xuanyin welcomes the sunset, and the cool spirit is exhausted.
In the middle of the night, the ashes moved, and the Ming emperor was imperial.
Pan An spent this evening, so don’t worry about chanting.
Boating boat for Xu yi
Wei Jian
Boating a boat in Huai River, first frost flows in the evening.
The tide invaded the shore for a long time at night, and the cold moon approached the city.
Pingsha depends on geese to stay, waiting for the pavilion to listen to chickens.
Beyond the clouds, who can care about travel?
Autumn Huai Feng sends Zhu Bu Que
Wu Yuanheng
On the garden numerous first frost, poets began to hate.
White clouds are deep and ugly, and decaying grass is everywhere.
In the twilight and autumn, the smoke is heavy, and the cold sound is empty.
Pan Shengqiu thinks hard, and Tao makes the world feel sparse.
It has been made into a land tax, and it is still a good idea to hunt books.
I don’t know what the score is like.

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Year’s Eve
Bai Juyi
In first frost, the water returns to the valley, and the wind falls to the mountain.
Ran Ran will have a banquet at the age of 20, and everything will return to its original source.
Why did you move to the south? You haven’t returned it for five years.
The fate of the chariot has been fixed, and the heart will be safe for a long time.
Also taste the heart and mouth, quietly read and speak privately.
Going to the country is not fun, but returning home may not be fun.
Why bother? It’s easier to give up than to ask for it.

Xiaobian reminder

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When the days are cool and the nights are long, people’s appetite is wide open, and the daily calorie intake of the human body easily exceeds the calorie consumption, so that fat is accumulated little by little. If it is not adjusted, people will gain a lot of weight after autumn and winter. Therefore, we should pay attention to a reasonable diet and proper exercise.

This article is integrated from | Xinhuanet, People’s Daily, People’s Daily, etc.
Editor | Du Runnan
The pictures in this article were all taken by Xiaobian.
Reporting/feedback

The aftertaste of winter collides with spring.

Chimonanthus praecox is a winter plant in Feng Ling.
And magnolia is the messenger of spring.
Recently, careful citizens have discovered that
On the streets of Jiading
The flowers in the original two seasons actually bloom at the same time.
On Tacheng Road in Jiading, a magnolia tree has taken the lead in blooming, and the white and flawless flowers bloom like snow from afar. On the opposite side, the Chimonanthus praecox on the corner hasn’t withered, and the golden flowers are blooming in the wind. The flowers in the original two seasons actually bumped into each other, which surprised the nearby residents.
"In my impression, this is a flower in two seasons, one in winter and the other in spring. Now it is quite strange to bloom together." Mr. Wang said.
Why do flowers that belong to winter and spring bloom at the same time? Lu Xianqing, deputy section chief of the Park Greening Department of Jiading District Landscaping Management Office, said that the best temperature for Chimonanthus praecox to bloom is 0℃-5℃, and Magnolia grandiflora generally opens when the temperature reaches above 10℃. "Flowers are very sensitive to temperature. After the Spring Festival, there was a wave of warming, and there were individual differences in the flowering of magnolia, which caused some magnolia to disrupt the flowering period and met the wintersweet that had not withered." Lu Xianqing said.
However, the public wants to enjoy the beautiful scenery of magnolia in full bloom, and it will take another half month.
Written by: Yin Qinqin
Camera: Wang Jian
Reporting/feedback

Sunshine Quartet in the High Wall —— Wuhan Qingshan Bangjiao is a minor in custody

  Qingshan, Wuhan-Innovating a series of ways to help and educate minors in custody.



"sunshine classroom"


  The procuratorate of Qingshan District Procuratorate in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, together with the detention center in this district, set up a "sunshine classroom", a "sunshine express", a "sunshine channel" and a "sunshine connection" in the prison area. Through the "sunshine quartet" education, juvenile detainees were influenced to know manners, abide by the law, sincerely repent and re-engage, and planted "cherish youth and cherish life" in the hearts of young people who lost their footing.


  "Sunshine Classroom": Turning the blind spot of helping and teaching in the prison area into a bright spot


  In practice, it usually takes a few months for a juvenile criminal suspect to spend in a detention center from criminal detention to the execution of a judgment. During this period, the dramatic change of living environment and the great psychological pressure of waiting for interrogation and trial can easily lead to the aggravation of the resistance of detained minors to supervision and even extreme behavior. The relative lag of related work also makes the prison area of the detention center a blind spot in the work of helping and educating minors who have lost their footing.


  During a heart-to-heart talk with minors in custody, the police officers of the Qingshan District Procuratorate in Wuhan learned that many children are not bad in nature. During the time when they are waiting for the verdict in the detention center, they basically have nothing to do except recite the prison rules and complete the prescribed tasks every day.


  In September, 2006, Mao was detained in Qingshan District Detention Center on suspicion of accepting bribes. The former middle school special-grade Chinese teacher was deliberately arranged to live in the juvenile prison by the procuratorial police stationed in Qingshan District Procuratorate. While taking care of the daily life of the detained minors, Mao taught the children to learn ancient Chinese. Unexpectedly, children are very interested in learning, and the phenomenon of wrangling in the past is less and less.


  This attempt inspired the procuratorial police stationed in the institute to set up the "sunshine classroom", and their ideas attracted great attention of the party group of Qingshan District Procuratorate, and they decided to jointly set up the "sunshine classroom" with the district public security bureau. In March, 2007, "Sunshine Classroom" was officially started, and Mao was hired as the cultural teacher of "Sunshine Classroom". Starting from Chinese studies, he influenced the juvenile delinquents with common knowledge of literature and history and corrected their outlook on life. The goal of running a class is to know etiquette, abide by the law and discipline, distinguish right from wrong and distinguish things.


  In the past two years, "Sunshine Classroom" has organically combined the discipline inspection, code of conduct learning and cultural education, specially used a prison room as a classroom and library, equipped with a computer, gradually established corresponding rules and regulations, and held exams regularly. Up to now, the "Sunshine Class" has been held for 102 times, and 124 detained minors have received cultural education. Every teenager who has entered the "Sunshine Class" has made significant progress, and some adult detainees have also volunteered to go to school. In 2007, the juvenile prison was rated as "civilized prison" by Qingshan District Detention Center.


  Sunshine Express: Witness the growth of juvenile delinquents step by step.


  "Sunshine Classroom" has set up a proposition composition course in a targeted way. After an assignment was received, an article entitled "Sorry, Mom! The composition was placed on the desk of the police in the procuratorate. At the end of the article, it was written: "Mom! I want to say to you: I am sorry! Mom! Please wait for me! "


  The author of this article is a minor who was detained for taking part in theft, and also a student in "Sunshine Classroom". In his composition, he described two completely different lives by comparing the wake-up bell inside and outside Gao Qiang, and expressed his remorse and yearning for his mother. His heartfelt feelings touched the hearts of every policeman.


  Why not run an internal publication? Select excellent compositions of detained minors to provide a stage for them to show their talents, so as to further encourage their confidence in learning and help them reform and change. The proposal of the Qingshan District Procuratorate to inspect the police officers immediately attracted the attention of the party group. The party group of the institute decided to set up Sunshine Express, which includes sections such as helping and teaching plan, excellent composition selection, honor list, law station, famous sayings and humorous jokes.


  Zhou Jianian, Deputy Procurator-General of Wuhan Procuratorate, was glad to write a headline for the newspaper after knowing this. On May 8, 2007, the first issue of Sunshine Express was officially published. Under the witness of Sunshine Express, minors in custody not only grow up healthily, but also learn to cherish and care for life. After the Wenchuan earthquake, 17 minors in the detention center took the initiative to collect money from 1000 yuan and donate it to the disaster area.


  On March 29th, 2008, at the invitation of Qingshan District Public Security Bureau and Procuratorate, the organizing committee of "Chu Cai Cup" composition contest made an exception and set up a sub-examination room in "Sunshine Classroom". The 17-year-old Wang and Du won the second prize and the third prize respectively, becoming the first detained minors to participate in the competition and win the prize in the history of "Chu Cai Cup". Subsequently, the Qingshan District Procuratorate actively negotiated with the Organizing Committee of the 7th Chutian Cup Composition Competition for Primary and Secondary School Students in Hubei Province, and on December 14th, 2008, it set up a special test center for 24 detained minors in the Sunshine Classroom again, giving them the same opportunity to compete.

Paris Olympic Volleyball Qualifying Tournament settled in China, and the group draw was held on March 17th.

  Image source: FIVB website.

  BEIJING, March 9 (Xinhua) According to the China Volleyball Association, some qualifying matches of the 2024 Paris Olympic Games will be held in China. Among the host countries of the Paris Olympic Qualifying Tournament announced by FIVB, China, Japan and Poland will be the venue for women’s qualifying matches, and China, Japan and Brazil will be the venue for men’s qualifying matches.

  The women’s qualifying tournament for the Paris Olympic Games will be held from September 16th to 24th, 2023, and the men’s qualifying tournament will be held from September 30th to October 8th.

  There will be 24 teams in the men’s and women’s volleyball qualifying competition, which will be divided into three groups, with 8 teams in each group playing single round robin, and the top 2 teams in each group will qualify for the Paris Olympic Games. The remaining qualifications will be generated according to the world rankings after the 2024 World Volleyball League sub-competition.

  On March 17th, 2023, the FIVB will hold a draw for men’s and women’s volleyball teams in Lausanne, Switzerland, and then the teams of each group will be determined.