Put a smart "cerebellum" on the car, and VMC will be the first to be applied to the new Zhiji next year.

journalist | Gan Wenjia
Picture source | Enterprise official

Part of the material of this article comes from SAIC Financial Holdings.
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Beginners on the road may be at a loss in the face of difficult scenes such as narrow road sticking and turning around in place. Don’t worry, your car will automatically "pass"; When the city is congested, the car will automatically adjust (shock absorber, and at the same time control the opening of the switch or the braking force to cooperate), so that bad experiences such as starting to look up and nodding the brakes will no longer occur; The road ahead is sharp, and the car senses it earlier than you do. Steering, braking and suspension work together to reduce the turning radius, making the turning safer and more comfortable …

If the smart car is compared to a person, then the car also needs a smart "cerebellum", that is, the vehicle central coordinated motion controller (VMC) to dominate the whole body movement. As we all know, the brain is an organ that regulates the body’s functions and controls people’s movements and feelings, while the role of the cerebellum is to regulate muscle movements and maintain the balance of the human body. The cerebellum feeds back the information from the exercise to the brain, thus playing the role of regulating and correcting the exercise. The "cerebellum" of the intelligent chassis is not simply executed after receiving the instructions from the central computing and decision-making unit "Brain", but comprehensively considers the current application scenarios, optimizes the handling performance and ride comfort on the basis of ensuring vehicle safety, and then distributes the instructions to steering, braking and suspension, and finally realizes the coordinated control of six degrees of freedom (front and rear, left and right, up and down) in X, Y and Z directions, "muscle" and ""

In the next three years, SAIC will devote itself to building a brand-new "scientific and technological life". Including "intelligent brain", "agile body" and "strong heart". Among them, the "agile body" is the first to achieve a breakthrough in the "VMC technology of the whole vehicle", which keeps the vehicle body stable in different driving modes and various road conditions. It is reported that VMC will be first applied to the new Zhiji car next year. At present, SAIC’s intelligent solution integrating people, vehicles and environment is undergoing research and development, testing and verification.

Chassis by wire or smart car
The last piece of "puzzle"

In the new electronic architecture, the automobile execution system is also undergoing changes. From traditional chassis to electric chassis, and then to intelligent chassis, automobile chassis is welcoming brand-new changes.

Vehicle control is nothing more than longitudinal control represented by braking, lateral control represented by steering, and suspension control represented by up and down, which corresponds to six degrees of freedom of automobile movement. In order to meet the strict requirements of faster response speed and higher control accuracy of automatic driving, intelligent chassis needs brake, steering and suspension components by wire, and intelligent chassis has also become a wire-controlled chassis.

Chassis-by-wire system transmits the driver’s operation command to the actuator through the electronic controller, replacing the connection and execution from the traditional mechanical structure such as steering wheel and pedal, so it has the advantages of high precision, high safety and high response speed. By controlling the chassis with digital signals, the mechanical decoupling of the control system and the execution system can be realized. The drive-by-wire chassis can not only meet the requirements of higher-level automatic driving, but also enrich the imagination space of the intelligent cockpit and bring a safer and more comfortable driving experience to the occupants.

The chassis by wire mainly includes three core components: brake by wire, steering by wire and suspension system. Among them, brake-by-wire can not only meet the requirements of rapid response of automatic driving, but also meet the rigid requirements of energy recovery and increasing cruising range of new energy vehicles, and the market penetration rate is rapidly increasing. At present, the electro-hydraulic braking EHB system has been widely used in high-end pure electric vehicles. Although additional safety redundant equipment is needed, the intelligent Two-Box scheme is still more common in the short term, and the penetration rate of the intelligent One-Box will be significantly improved in the next few years.

Steer-by-wire steering is a rigid demand in the intelligent driving stage, which is gradually emerging. At present, it is in the stage of research and development verification and just getting on the bus, and it will also become a technical hotspot in the next few years. In the next 10 years, the penetration rate of steer-by-wire will reach 50%.

Since the beginning of this year, the air suspension system has been put on the market with some models, and the market popularity has also climbed once.

From the reality, with the acceleration of intelligent by-wire control system in smart electric vehicles to improve the competitiveness of brand models, by 2025, the domestic smart chassis market is expected to expand rapidly, which is expected to reach more than 50 billion yuan. Among them, the technical reserve of brake-by-wire is relatively mature, and the market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 34% from 2022 to 2025; In the next 4-5 years, the improvement of its assembly rate will provide a core increment for the smart chassis market, while steer-by-wire and air suspension are expected to enter the pre-assembly lead-in period in 2025.

Cross-domain fusion
Flexible deployment

From a technical point of view, at present, there is a trend of integration of various systems of automobiles, such as intelligent cockpit and intelligent driving, which are being integrated across domains. Zhang Ying, president of Bosch Chassis Control System in China, said that compared with the traditional chassis control system, in which all components are relatively independent for longitudinal, lateral and vertical vehicle dynamic control, VMC can adapt the chassis that was basically "just for itself" to the trend, and integrate the functions of transmission system, driving system, steering system and braking system into multiple systems, which greatly improves the vertical integration ability of chassis development, and can be flexibly deployed in pairs.

Steering and braking integration. It is very difficult for ordinary drivers to slam the steering wheel or make a big correction if they turn a corner on the icy road. When steer-by-wire and brake can be combined, the steering wheel angle and brake controller of steer-by-wire can be controlled in coordination, and the brake and actuator of steer-by-wire are integrated. Ordinary drivers can turn with the help of technological innovation, without worrying about oversteering or understeering, avoiding obstacles successfully and easily turning corners smoothly.

Brake and suspension fusion. Suspension system should not only meet the requirements of comfort, but also take into account the requirements of handling stability. Comfort is also related to the braking system. If the braking is too urgent, there will be phenomena such as braking nodding and unstable control. Comfortable braking function makes you an "old driver" in seconds. Through the precise software control of the system, a part of the braking pressure can be released smoothly in an instant before the vehicle stops, which can greatly alleviate the vehicle nodding and ensure the vehicle to stop very safely.

Integration of braking and power system. When the car starts on smooth roads such as snow and ice, the driving wheels may slip and the direction will be out of control, which will lead to danger. The driving torque vector control and braking control are combined with each other, and the acceleration potential of the vehicle is fully tapped, the curve limit is exerted and the dynamic response is optimized through the optimal distribution of axle or wheel torque.

Integration of VMC and ADAS. In order to meet the richer functional experience in NAD autopilot scene, the chassis needs to provide a bearing platform for autopilot system, cockpit system and power system. In the NAD autopilot scenario, VMC can integrate four-wheel drive distribution, brake-by-wire and variable suspension functions to maximize the dynamic performance of the vehicle, while supporting high-level autopilot scenarios. Through FOTA upgrade, it can be flexibly upgraded and quickly iterated.

Safety and comfort
Have your cake and eat it.

As a safety component, intelligent chassis has the highest functional safety level requirements. Functional safety is the core requirement of intelligent chassis and autonomous driving development. If the high-order automatic driving system comes, redundant braking and fail-safe will become the most important. Only on the basis of safety can driving be pleasant, comfortable, agile and personalized.

When the smart car develops to L3 or above, the driver will no longer control the car for a considerable part of the driving process, and the main responsibility of driving has changed from the driver to the system itself, which brings great challenges to the performance and safety of the whole chassis. For the drive-by-wire chassis, the most important requirements are safety and redundancy, and redundancy is also safe in essence. VMC has two backup schemes of independent actuators. When the main controller fails, the redundant controller takes over, which can systematically reduce the risk of failure of key functions.

The intelligent chassis is divided into two important parts: one is the chassis execution part, which realizes the coordinated control in X, Y and Z directions and the coordinated wire control optimization; Second, the chassis domain control system, based on the advantages of strong hardware and high performance chassis, further realizes the whole domain fusion control and rapid iteration of chassis through experience drive.

With the development trend and evolution of centralized electronic and electrical architecture, chassis control will be promoted to the concept of "domain". Combined with the chassis hardware system, the intelligent chassis domain controller can comprehensively design and adjust the chassis comfort and handling.

VMC can uniformly adjust and control air spring height, shock absorber damping, electronic parking and other functions. The controller detects the vehicle state through the signal received by the sensor, determines the optimal parameter instruction according to the algorithm or control strategy, adjusts the spring stiffness and damping state of the shock absorber, and increases the correction of pitch and roll to enhance the control of the vehicle body. For example, when driving in the field with poor road conditions and encountering a protruding obstacle in front, VMC system will "command" the air spring to raise the height of the car body, and at the same time adjust the electric shock absorber to make the vehicle smooth. In the face of bumpy roads, the system will also use compensation braking to alleviate jitter.

Thanks to VMC, after adjusting a large number of key components such as tires, air suspension and steering system, each car realizes the combination of comfort and handling, and develops various driving modes such as sports, comfort and energy saving according to road conditions and driving habits of users to meet the individual needs of users. At the same time, VMC relies on continuous collection and identification of users’ personalized driving data, and provides driving experience that meets users’ psychological expectations through human-vehicle interaction and self-learning iteration.

Different routes
"Zero" requires cooperation.

The Roadmap of Intelligent Chassis Technology for Electric Vehicles establishes the development goal of intelligent chassis, and the overall goal is that by 2030, intelligent chassis will meet the requirements of first-class products and leading technology. "The next 10 years will be a major strategic opportunity period for China’s intelligent chassis technology innovation and industrial development." Li Jun, then chairman of China Automotive Engineering Society, pointed out at the 2023 Electric Vehicle Intelligent Chassis Conference. At the same time, the intelligent chassis industry has also entered a critical stage of technical competition. Among them, the chassis domain controller has become a battleground for intelligent chassis development.

In the past, the international Tier 1 controlled the core of chassis control technology and provided "black box" chassis solutions for car companies. Many car companies, especially China brands, are highly dependent on suppliers’ development support, and the development time is long and the constraints are high, resulting in the lack of deep-seated chassis function integration development ability of the main engine factory, which makes the vehicles only meet some simple basic driving experiences, with few extended functions and relatively single driving experience.

On the one hand, with the rapid launch of new models, car companies urgently need to change the current situation. In the view of some OEMs, the high integration of software and hardware and cross-domain integration control ability are the core competencies that car companies must have in the era of smart cars, and they must be in their own hands. At present, some OEMs, such as BYD, Ideality and Weilai Automobile, have started full-stack self-research in this respect, and tend to plan chassis domain, convergence domain and other architectures, and lead the development of application software, and also put forward the requirements of "white box" delivery software for suppliers.

On the other hand, the international Tier 1 will obviously not give up the current market interests. Bosch China said that ABS and ESP are one of Bosch’s main products at present, and we are taking smart chassis as our next goal. ZF and Jidu have jointly developed the next generation of intelligent chassis technology to support automobile robots to "move freely".

With the continuous upgrading of R&D technology, coupled with the advantages of stable supply chain, rapid development and market response, China suppliers are likely to catch up with others. Among them, since the mass production of One-box line control products in 2021, Bethel has carried a number of models to the market. At the same time, local start-ups such as Nathan, Tongyu, Likun and Grubo have successfully mass-produced brake-by-wire products based on the Two-box scheme, achieving a new breakthrough in localization.

There are various indications that in the field of intelligent chassis, especially in VMC, the boundary between OEMs and suppliers in the technical field has become blurred, and the technical route of domain controllers will also be "contended by a hundred schools of thought". Borders are often fought out, but at the same time, there are opportunities for cooperation in competition.

Zhang Jinhua, chairman of the China Society of Automotive Engineering, suggested that we should advocate adhering to the sense of cooperation, deepen the whole-scale cooperation, cross-border cooperation and international cooperation, and deepen the synergy between the industrial chain.

Although the full-stack self-developed chassis domain control allows the main engine factory to master more autonomy, it also needs to consider the cost and efficiency. The drive-by-wire chassis products need a lot of adjustment work and the full cooperation of the parts manufacturers. The advantage of the main engine factory is to integrate the parts control provided by suppliers. In the future, the direction of cooperation between the two parties is likely to be to jointly define the system architecture and development design, and all parties will contribute their own "points" and unite to achieve a "breakthrough". Specifically, the supplier may only be responsible for providing the hardware and doing the underlying driver, and then open the control right to the OEM to do in-depth joint development with the OEM, so as to improve the development efficiency and software reusability, speed up the iteration and reduce the cost.

Expert: Microsoft Black Screen is suspected of illegally controlling the computer system.

  In recent years, China’s Internet users have maintained sustained and rapid growth. By the end of November this year, the number of Internet users had reached 290 million, surpassing the United States and ranking first in the world. At the same time, the network "hacker" crime is also increasingly rampant.


  The crime of hacking into civil computers


  In recent years, China’s Internet users have maintained sustained and rapid growth. By the end of November this year, the number of Internet users had reached 290 million, surpassing the United States and ranking first in the world.



Microsoft’s monopoly is controversial.


  Criminal law amendment


  Yesterday (December 23rd), the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) deliberated the seventh draft of the Criminal Law Amendment. The new draft specially adds relevant clauses to crack down on hacker crimes, and its application scope extends to other computer information systems other than state affairs, national defense construction and cutting-edge science and technology.


  In addition, the revision of the new draft will also crack down on "underground money houses" and illegal operation of securities, futures and insurance businesses, and it is planned to clearly define the constitutive elements of the crime of organizing pyramid schemes.


  Keywords: 1 Hacking crime


  Providing hacking programs will also be punished.


  Internet hackers who illegally control a large number of computers may face jail time. The seventh draft of the Criminal Law Amendment, which was considered by the National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) for the second time, defined the serious act of illegally invading the civil computer information system as a "crime", which was added at the suggestion of the Ministry of Public Security.


  Article 285 of the Criminal Law has stipulated that anyone who invades the computer information system in the fields of state affairs, national defense construction and cutting-edge science and technology shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention. The Ministry of Public Security believes that at present, some people use technical means to illegally invade computer information systems beyond the above provisions, which seriously endangers network security, and criminal responsibility should also be investigated for such acts.


  Li Shishi, deputy director of the NPC Law Committee, said in his explanation of the draft that the draft adds two provisions to Article 285 of the Criminal Law: "Whoever violates state regulations, invades other computer information systems other than those specified in the preceding paragraph, obtains data stored, processed or transmitted in the computer information system, or illegally controls the computer information system, if the circumstances are serious, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years or criminal detention, and shall also or shall only be fined; If the circumstances are particularly serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years and fined. "


  At the same time, "those who provide programs and tools specially used for invading or illegally controlling computer information systems, or who knowingly provide programs and tools to others for invading or illegally controlling computer information systems, if the circumstances are serious, shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph."


  Keywords: 2 Underground money house


  Run an underground money house or investigate criminal responsibility


  The seventh draft of the Criminal Law Amendment also added provisions to crack down on "underground money houses". "Those who illegally engage in securities, futures and insurance business without the approval of the relevant state authorities, or illegally engage in fund payment and settlement business, with a large amount, shall be investigated for criminal responsibility."


  This regulation comes from the rampant activities of "underground money houses" put forward by the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council and the Ministry of Public Security. It is suggested that the behavior of "underground money houses" to evade financial supervision and illegally handle large-sum fund transfer and other fund payment and settlement services for others should be listed separately in the criminal law on the crime of illegal business.


  Keywords: 3 military vehicle number plate


  Buying and selling military cards can be sentenced to a maximum of seven years.


  The first-instance draft of the amendment to the Criminal Law stipulates the act of forging, stealing, buying or selling or illegally providing or using special signs such as the number plates of armed forces vehicles, and stipulates that the maximum sentence is three years’ imprisonment. The revised draft raises the maximum term of imprisonment for the above-mentioned acts. If the circumstances are particularly serious, they will be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than three years but not more than seven years and fined.


  The draft of the second instance did not make any new amendments to the provisions of the draft of the first instance, such as the sentencing of the crime of huge amount of property with unknown sources and the crimes committed by people around public officials.


  Keywords: 4 MLM crime


  Organize pyramid selling to clarify the form of crime


  On the basis of adding the crime of organizing pyramid selling, the new draft further clarifies the constitutive elements of this crime form. In the second draft, it is clearly stipulated that in the name of business activities such as selling goods and providing services, organizations and leaders require participants to obtain the qualification of joining by paying fees or purchasing goods and services, and form hierarchies in a certain order, directly or indirectly using the number of developers as the basis for remuneration or rebate, inducing and coercing participants to continuously develop pyramid schemes in which others participate, defrauding property and disrupting economic and social order, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than five years or criminal detention and fined; If the circumstances are serious, he shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not less than five years and fined.


  "Microsoft’s black screen is no different from hacking." Experts say that Microsoft is suspected of "illegally controlling" the computer system.


  ■ Expert interpretation


  Defining "illegal control" is first of all against the will of the parties. Lv Jingjian, director of china computer federation, said that Microsoft’s previous "black screen" action was the same as that of a hacker from a technical point of view-it modified the computer without authorization.



Microsoft giants (Gates on the left and Ballmer on the right)


  [Keywords:] illegal control


  Against the will of the parties


  As for how to define illegal control, Lv Jingjian, director of china computer federation, thinks that it is against the will of the parties, such as remotely modifying the settings-how to use and configure the computer is the right of the user, and implementing the modification without authorizing a third party is against the will of the parties. In addition, large-scale control of other computer information systems should also be suspected of the provisions of the current draft, but if it is just a prank, it is difficult to define it as a crime.


  Lu Jingjian said that from a technical point of view, general computer information systems have loopholes, and if they are discovered by opponents, they will be attacked. The service of providing bug fixes can be regarded as a commitment and responsibility for product quality. And Microsoft’s black screen plan, when repairing for users, left something behind-two plans of Microsoft’s black screen, WGA(WINDOWS Value-added Plan) and OGA(OFFICE Value-added Plan), were released to provide value-added services for genuine users. If Microsoft finds that users are not using genuine products during the service, it will leave a "logic bomb" and black the screen once an hour. Accordingly, he believes that Microsoft is the same as a hacker from a technical point of view.


  [Keywords:] information system


  Widely used in life


  For non-professionals, the understanding of computer information system is usually desktop computer. Lu Jingjian explained that without an operating system, it is also a computer system to directly run operating codes.


  At present, the embedded system accounts for more than 90% of the application of computer information system, but it is also a big loophole in network security. For example, some imported printers have embedded processors. When printing through a computer, the data is first stored in the memory, but it will not be deleted after printing, so it may be stolen.


  Embedded systems are widely used in elevators, cars and mobile phones, and remote control is entirely possible.


  [Keywords:] hacker role


  Face up to potential and strengthen guidance


  As a director of the Computer Society, Lv Jingjian does not agree to crack down on hackers. "Hackers, Ke Bai and honker have made special contributions to the work of improving technology. For example, 70% of the defects in computer software are detected, and many defects are picked out by these people."


  Lv Jingjian believes that they can play their role in many aspects. For example, after the important software comes out, some people can be called to help test it, and some rewards will be given after the test. Lv Jingjian believes that if there are these channels, most people may go in this direction, and the remaining "Jiang Yang thieves" will be few, and the public security departments can also concentrate on dealing with them.


  He suggested that after the introduction of the law, the state should introduce supplementary measures and reward mechanisms. "Industry and academia should face up to hackers and guide them to the right path." (The text is a pseudonym) (Wu Peng)

Editor: Wang Jiaolong

Gong Xinliang joined the "Old Master Q" conference and Yaoyao showed off her lovely singing.


Guo Shuyao sang the theme song "Didida" MV of "The Legend of the Little Tiger of the Professor"


Gong Xinliang and Guo Shuyao, two "otaku goddesses", joined hands with "Old Master Q" and "Big Sweet Potato"


Gong Xinliang black silk temptation big show legs.


Guo Shuyao danced live and sang the theme song "DIDIDA".


Yaoyao, who danced hard, accidentally revealed her safety pants.

    Movie network news(Photo/Qian Jiayi Wen/Chang Wei) On January 18th, a MV conference was held in Beijing. MiuMiu Gong Xinliang came to join us to show the temptation of black silk, and she also voiced the underwater elf "Bright Water" in the film. Guo Shuyao, Taiwan Province’s "Otaku Goddess", appeared in a miniskirt and sang the theme song "DIDIDA". She was not afraid to expose herself, and her dance expressions were very cute. The dubbing tidbits of the film were also broadcast on the spot, and super teams such as Deng Chao, Zhang Hanyu, Jerry Lee, Cai Kangyong and Elva Hsiao gave voices to the film to reveal the behind-the-scenes story.

Gong Xinliang’s exhibition of black silk lures Guo Shuyao to sing lovely songs without fear of revealing the bottom.

    At the press conference, MiuMiu Gong Xinliang came to join us as one of the voice actors. She was uncharacteristically "chest-sealed", but a pair of long legs seduced by black silk still murdered countless films. Gong Xinliang was involved in film dubbing for the first time, claiming that he was under great pressure. In order to express "baby sounds", he worked hard with professional dubbing teachers. Gong Xinliang broke the news that he had to use a very soft and ethereal voice when dubbing. When Jerry Lee heard this, he shouted that he couldn’t stand it. However, with the cute elf "Water is bright" in the cartoon, the image and voice are a perfect match.

    The theme song of "The Legend of the Little Water Tiger of the Professor" is "DIDIDA" sung by Taiwan Province sweetheart Guo Shuyao. Yaoyao sang and danced in an ultra-short gauze skirt, and sang this song at the scene. She was not afraid to show black safety pants at all, and her cute expression and cute dance steps made people sigh that she was worthy of being called "the goddess of otaku". Yaoyao also said that the "Water Tiger Dance" was specially created for this song, and some movements were very similar to the "Little Water Tiger" swimming in the water in the cartoon, and I was very happy that my song could be selected as the theme song.


Poster of "The Legend of the Little Tiger of the Professor"


Deng ChaoVoice "Old Master Q"

Click to watch the dubbing tidbits of "The Legend of the Little Tiger of the Professor"

Deng Chao led the super dubbing lineup "Old Master Q" and "Big Sweet Potato" dolls.

    This cartoon has an all-star dubbing lineup, with not only Cai Kangyong, a famous mouth from Taiwan Province, and Elva Hsiao, the singer, but also actors such as Deng Chao, Zhang Hanyu, Jerry Lee, Huo Siyan, Che Xiao, Gong Xinliang, Sha Yi and Zhang Junning from Huayi Brothers. The dubbing tidbits of the film were also broadcast at the press conference, and the highlights were revealed in advance.

    Deng Chao is proud of the Chinese cartoon image this time — — "Old Master Q" dubbing, there are many networked languages. Zhang Hanyu dubs the villain "Hot King", sometimes deep and mysterious, sometimes angry and puffed up. Cai Kangyong said that he didn’t expect Old Master Q to have the plot of science fiction films, and the Dragon King of Beihai who voiced himself often laughed wildly, which was absolutely invisible in Kangxi. Elva Hsiao voiced Miss Chen, the heroine in the film, saying that it was very enjoyable to shout out the voice that had been suppressed for a long time in her heart.

    At the press conference, Old Master Q and sweet potato dolls also brought surprises. The wonderful combination of one tall, one short, one fat and one thin allows everyone to appreciate the cuteness of anime characters in advance. What kind of adventure story the shrewd Old Master Q and the simple and honest sweet potato will bring to the audience will not be revealed until January 27th.

More wonderful pictures on the next page

The national six b emission standards will be fully implemented, and what changes will the automobile industry welcome?

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 23rd Question: the national six b emission standards will be fully implemented, and what changes will the automobile industry welcome?

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Zhang Xinxin, Yan Fujing, Gao Kang

  The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other departments recently jointly issued an announcement. From July 1, 2023, the national sixth emission standard 6b stage will be fully implemented, and it is forbidden to produce, import and sell cars that do not meet the national sixth emission standard 6b stage.

  The "boots" of the emission standard policy have been put on the ground, accelerating the automobile industry to enter a new stage of green development. What changes will the full implementation of National Six B bring to the automobile market? Will the fuel vehicle market usher in a "price reduction tide"? Will it accelerate the promotion of new energy vehicles?

  The car market share of "National Sixth B" exceeds 90%, and the industry has entered a new stage.

  "National Six Standards" is a standard for preventing and controlling motor vehicle pollution emissions and improving ambient air quality. The "National Six Standards" for light vehicles set two emission limit schemes, National Six A and National Six B, which were implemented in 2020 and 2023 respectively.

  National Sixth B is about to be fully implemented, but the preparation of the market and industry is not limited to the present.

  "Since ‘ National Six Standard ’ Since its release, most enterprises have directly carried out product research and development and production in accordance with the requirements of the National Six B standard. The industry is equivalent to implementing the National Six B standard in advance, and the National Six B vehicles occupy a major market share. " The relevant person in charge of China Automobile Industry Association said that many models have already completed the transformation of National Six B, and there is no technical difficulty from the perspective of enterprise production. It is understood that since the implementation of the standard, the proportion of light-duty vehicles in the national six B vehicles has exceeded 95%, and the market share of the national six B vehicles has exceeded 90%.

  Guangzhou Automobile Group said that all its fuel vehicles have been switched to the National Six B standard; Changan Automobile also shows that there is no pressure for the arrival of National Sixth B, and the newly launched Yida is in line with the National Sixth B standard … … Facing the implementation of standards, manufacturers are ready.

  The reporter interviewed a number of industry experts and said that from the perspective of the new car market, the implementation of the National Sixth B will not have much impact on the auto market. The National Sixth B Standard has been promoted in advance in first-tier cities such as Beijing and Shanghai, and the implementation of the new regulations has little impact on the automobile market in these cities. In other cities that haven’t implemented the national six-B standard, if there are relatively many vehicles in stock in the national six-A, there will be a certain price drop in the short term, but this will be experienced in all previous emission standard switches. The development trend of green and low carbon in automobile industry itself is the embodiment of market demand, which will also accelerate the transformation of automobile enterprises and industries.

  Half-year sales transition period, to promote the smooth continuation of the market.

  The release of the national six emission standards has given the market a long adjustment window. Implementing standards in advance in key areas is conducive to alleviating the industry pressure when the policy is formally implemented.

  At the same time, the announcement made it clear that for some light-duty vehicle models such as National Six B, which were reported as "monitoring only" in the actual driving pollutant emission test (RDE test), a half-year sales transition period was given and sales were allowed until December 31, 2023. This move is also to enable manufacturers and distributors to rationally plan the layout and complete the product switching and sales as soon as possible.

  The reporter learned from China Automobile Industry Association that China Automobile Association has established an inventory scheduling mechanism with the top ten automobile groups and other member units to organize and schedule industry inventory data on a monthly basis. By the end of January 2023, there were more than 1.89 million vehicles in stock that did not meet RDE requirements.

  The person in charge of China Automobile Industry Association believes that the current inventory pressure is caused by objective factors. Among them, there are some factors such as "demand contraction, supply shock, expected weakening" and other factors such as the poor performance of the automobile market, and it takes some time for product production to switch, and new energy vehicles accelerate the replacement of traditional fuel vehicles. After months of promotion, the inventory has fallen sharply.

  "The policy gives a half-year sales transition period, which is conducive to stabilizing the mentality of dealers and enterprises, orderly destocking, and helping the car market to make a smooth transition." Cui Dongshu, secretary general of the National Passenger Car Market Information Association, said.

  Accelerate the guidance of green intelligence and promote industrial iterative upgrading.

  The industry believes that the full implementation of the national six B emission standards has a positive role in promoting the iterative upgrading of the fuel vehicle market and the new energy vehicle market.

  Recently, the the State Council executive meeting deployed to speed up the construction of charging infrastructure. The National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration issued the "Implementation Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of Charging Infrastructure to Better Support the Rural and Rural Revitalization of New Energy Vehicles". A series of policies to encourage automobile consumption, especially to support the consumption of new energy vehicles, have been introduced to accelerate the upgrading of the industry to green and intelligent.

  With industrial orientation and policy support, car companies have accelerated their layout, and the market is constantly exploring model innovation: Chery recently announced preferential measures for going to the countryside, and its "QQ Ice Cream" went to the countryside to launch 1000 yuan/Taiwan car purchase subsidies; Charging service providers can promote the penetration of business in rural areas, forming a charging service network covering 55,000 stations and 575,000 charging guns nationwide; Hangzhou Longyuan Electric Power Co., Ltd. and related units jointly worked out the optimal power supply scheme of charging station, and monitored the working state of charging pile and charging protection system in real time through digital technology & HELIP; …

  The proportion of freight new energy vehicles is constantly increasing, and the market promotion of new energy vehicles is accelerated. Take Lala as an example. In October last year, the proportion of new energy truck drivers on the platform reached 25%. According to the prospectus of Cargo Lala, by the end of last year, Cargo Lala had over 35,000 electric vehicle charging stations in over 270 cities in China.

  "Industrial upgrading is the general trend." Xu Haidong, deputy chief engineer of China Automobile Industry Association, believes that both the implementation of emission standards and the promotion of consumption policies will further promote the green transformation of the entire automobile industry and accelerate the popularization and application of new energy vehicles. The next step is to do a good job in policy implementation and continuously improve the overall competitiveness and development quality of the automobile industry.

Che Baoluo, a Hong Kong actor, frequently makes hot searches. Please remember these licorice actors!


Special feature of 1905 film network "In Hong Kong, there are a group of actors called licorice actors.They will always be the back and side (supporting roles) in their lives.Because we are willing to be green leaves, we are called licorice actors. "Recently, the actor’s interpretation of "licorice actor" has been searched hot.



He has been in the business for 42 years, with more than 70 works and numerous classic supporting roles.But it seems that until today, the audience really got to know this lovely 63-year-old "little old man".


Che Baoluo frequently boarded hot search.


There are many "licorice actors" like Che Baoluo who are willing to be green leaves and achieve their roles.Today, let us get to know them again. The "ordinary" life of the supporting role is equally wonderful!


Paul Che

"If there are still people who need it at the age of 80, I am absolutely willing to serve."


"I have made more than 70 plays, some with names and some without names.""But the quality of an actor is that every play and every announcement must be completed in a professional spirit."It is this humble, elegant and particularly serious attitude that makes Che Baoluo numerous.



After 42 years in the business, Che Baoluo has left many memorable roles with his special appearance.The most popular works are "famous works".Jordan chaneditionThe Duke Of Mount DeerFat Buddhist monk in the middle school.Growing up with countless audiences is still talked about by people.



In the "golden age" of Hong Kong’s film and television circle, Che Baoluo also made numerous films.existMiracle, Death JudgeIn big movies, they all had guest roles.



However, how can I expect that things change, and after the climax, it is lonely.In 2003, the TV station offered him a renewal basic salary of only HK$ 2,000 per year.In order to make a living, he has received relief money and worked as a security guard, carrier and other handyman.At the most difficult time, even the mother’s funeral expenses could not be raised.Che Baoluo, who was in the trough, once sincerely lamented: It’s hard to climb to heaven, and it’s even harder to ask for help!



Nowadays, Che Baoluo’s job is to supervise the market, except occasionally taking on plays.It is his daily work to solve the problems of water, electricity and drainage, divert traffic and help the neighborhood.



Che Baoluo loves acting, and he also accepts that it is true to return to life.Just like his promise to the audience in front of the camera: "If you still need me at the age of 70 or 80, I am absolutely willing to serve."


In 2019, Che Baoluo starred in a short film.The old man and the dog


Wenbiao Huang

"I want to be an actor, not a star"


"If Brother Xiang is useful to Tengmou, Tengmou is willing to render his services."Many people know Huang Wenbiao through.Teng Yi, Xiang Shaolong’s sworn brother.


Huang Wenbiao is found in both the drama version and the film version of Qin Xun Ji.


He is also known as "Tai Tai Royal Bad Boy" because he is good at playing all kinds of "traitors" such as bullies, creditors and kidnappers.For example, Tianqi with a ponytail and earrings in "Sniper by School Police";The big ear hole in "Clean Government Action";The white-headed tiger in The Apostle 2 has left a deep impression on the audience.


Sniper by the school police


Huang Wenbiao paid no attention to the stereotype of "specialized debt collectors"."Hundreds of artists, it’s good to be the first to find a debt collector and the second to think of me."He said he didn’t envy the main characters. They may earn a lot of money, but it’s hard to do it all their lives.Just to be a supporting role in the third and fourth lines, there will always be a play, and it can be played all the time.



Returning to life, another important identity of Huang Wenbiao is an ordinary fisherman, who helps with transportation in a friend’s fish stall.It is not shameful for actors to sell fish part-time. "If you have hands and feet in Hong Kong, just do it."



For Huang Wenbiao, the happiest moment was when the audience recognized him and said: I like your play."I’m notgorgeousyoung manDon’t mind being a supporting role. I am an actor, not a star. "



"The joy of performing can’t be bought with money."


"I am’ Mai Bao’ Changqing Mai, and you can also call me Extraordinary Brother."Changqing Mai, 54, is used to introducing herself like this.The "extraordinary brother" he portrayed in "The Heroic Love of a Woman" won him the best supporting actor.In the internet age, this role has once again become popular and become a hot second-generation material.



In addition, Changqing Mai’s representative roles include the sand monk in The Journey to the West, You Tanzhi in Dragon’s Eight Branches, Zhao Junhao in Love with Thieves, and so on.



He has appeared in nearly 100 plays, and there are many classic works. However, Changqing Mai said frankly: In Hongkong, it is difficult to support a family by acting alone."Many older actors have to work several jobs to stick to this line."



For the sake of family livelihood, Changqing Mai once moved furniture, made publicity and opened a restaurant.During the epidemic, business was sluggish, and he personally delivered takeout.



In Changqing Mai’s view, life should go on, and acting dreams should also be adhered to."I really enjoyed playing an excellent role, and that feeling can’t be bought with money. That sense of accomplishment is something that another industry can’t give you. "



"It is this drama addiction that has made me do it for decades."


In 2014, 68-year-old Liu Jiang won the TVB Starlight Achievement Award.Honored guestAndy LauKindly call him "Lao Dou" (Dad), and their cooperation dates back to the 1982 TV series.Falcon.


Andy Lau introduced Liu Jiang as follows: In the past 30 years, Mr. Liu Jiang has made more than 100 dramas for TVB.



Many mainland audiences may not remember Liu Jiang’s name, but they will always remember his wonderful performance in a Jin Yong play.In his 56 years as an artist, Liu Jiang has appeared in Jin Yong’s dramas for 17 times, which is the only Hong Kong drama bone that has performed Jin Yong’s martial arts.



In the 83rd edition of Legend of the Condor Heroes, he is the ambitious Yan Hong Honglie;96 editionthe legendary swordsmanIn the middle, he is Xiang Wentian, who is known as the "Heavenly King Lao Zi";In the 97th edition of Dragon and Eight Branches, he became the abbot of Xuan Ci.There is also the 84 th edition of "Swordsman"rivers and lakesThe wind is clear; In the 94 th edition of The CondorironwoodReally, Prince Kang in the 98 version of The Duke Of Mount Deer. …


Liu Jiang plays Temujin in the 94th edition of The Condor.


The treatment of "licorice actors" in Hong Kong entertainment industry is not high, and Liu Jiang once bluntly said:"I enjoy acting myself, but it’s hard to eat."



In order to support his son’s high tuition, Liu Jiang had to work around the clock.Shooting on TV during the day and dubbing part-time at night, there is almost no time to sleep.But like other actors, Liu Jiang never complained."It’s hard, but I also feel lucky. As long as you are willing to do it, you will have something to do without sleeping."



Today, 76-year-old Liu Jiang is still active in the front line. In 2020, he was nominated for the best supporting actor with the Golden Jubilee Building.


For him, acting is a "play addiction"."When I play the role, that kind of enjoyment will make me smile when I look back.""People think I’m crazy, but it’s this feeling, like being addicted, that has kept me doing it for decades."



The above mentioned ones are just the epitome of countless "licorice actors" hidden behind the characters.They are willing to be green leaves and achieve their roles, but they often get a meager salary, and it is difficult to make a living by acting alone.


I once lamented in an interview that licorice actors are always the one who is ignored on the set, and the last scene that stays up all night is often left to the oldest actors, which is unfair.



In traditional Chinese medicine, "licorice" is mostly a drug introduction, not the protagonist, but it is indispensable.


The same is true of "licorice actors". They have no superstar in front of the curtain and no star aura behind the scenes, but they really shape every role with their heart.


So, please try to remember their names. These licorice actors who play seriously and live hard deserve more respect from the industry and us.


Young artists trapped in the "suicide curse" in Korean entertainment circle have died one after another.

CCTV News:Recently, there was another bad news in the Korean entertainment circle. The 27-year-old Korean male artist Che Renhe was found dead at home. This is the third young Korean artist who died suddenly in just over a month. The first two were women and both committed suicide. Tragedy happens frequently, and people can’t help sighing. What happened to the Han Yu circle? Some people even say that the Korean entertainment circle seems to be caught in a "suicide curse".

On December 3, South Korean actor Che Renhe was found dead at home.

Che Renhe, 27 years old, debuted in July 2017, when he was a member of the actor group Surprise U, and later appeared in many online dramas and hit TV series.

Cherenhe usually gives the impression that he is an optimistic big boy. The day before his death, he posted on social media Instagram, urging fans to take care of themselves in the cold winter.

This made fans feel very confused about the death of Che Renhe.

At present, the police are investigating the cause of Cherenhe’s death.

In just 50 days, this is the third time that the Korean entertainment circle has heard the death of a young artist.

On October 14th, Sulli, an artist of SM, a famous Korean entertainment company, was found dead at home at the age of 25. At present, the police speculate that his death was due to suicide.

The agent said that Shirley suffered from severe depression before her death.

After Sulli’s death, Koo Hara, her good friend and idol artist, broadcast live on social media and wept bitterly:Shirley,My sister is in Japan,I can’t see you off, I’m sorry!When you get there,I hope everything will be as you wish,Sister will work hard to live together for you.

However, Koo Hara finally "reneged".

On November 24th, one month and ten days after Shirley’s death, 28-year-old Koo Hara was found dead at home.

Like Shirley, Koo Hara, who debuted as a women’s group at the age of 17, is well-known in South Korea.

She sang, appeared in TV series and participated in variety shows, but she also suffered from depression because of various pressures.

It is speculated that Sulli’s death may be the last straw to crush Koo Hara.

Young artists with beautiful youth and bright future have died one after another, which makes people have to re-examine the Korean entertainment circle.

Take stock of 10 folding screen mobile phones, which one to buy has long been answered.

In 2022, 14 new folding screen products were released. Among the 10 models on the list, 5 models were folded inside, 4 models were folded vertically and 1 model was folded outside.

Ranked as follows:

In just two years, domestic folding screens have risen in an all-round way, and OV Huami has rolled Samsung out of the top five. It’s just … Samsung may have a happier smile. After all, the top four are selling goods for themselves. Since Samsung E5, the factories have achieved dual 120Hz internal and external screens, thus occupying the top spot. You see, it sells so well that Samsung is not willing to use it itself.

Take stock of 10 folding screen mobile phones, which one to buy has long been answered.

Huawei is proud of BOE, and the domestic iron triangle forms the second echelon. Although the complete 120Hz experience has not yet been realized, look at the folded Mate xs 2 again. What is the curve to save the country? Learn it, it is too deep.

Take stock of 10 folding screen mobile phones, which one to buy has long been answered.

Finally, Huaxing Optoelectronics caught the last bus, not throwing cold water on the motorcycle, and the price advantage could not fill in the technical gap in the short term. But fortunately, this is a vertical fold, and I quite like the shape.

Speaking of price, the highest price is 12,999 yuan, and the lowest is 4,999 yuan. Previously, the media dismantled three 10,000 yuan folding screens of Samsung, Xiaomi and Huawei, and found that the material cost accounted for less than 40%, and the profit rate was the same as that of 13 Pro Max.

So why should the mobile phone be folded? There are small books for accounting behind it. Expensive is not necessarily high-end, but high-end must be expensive. Believe it or not, the cheapest Motorola is the one with the least votes from netizens.

In addition to the price, just look at the thickness and weight, you can see how many rolls there are in the factory. The first generation of Xiaomi folding screen was 317g, with a thickness of 17.2mm, and the second generation was only 269g and 11.2mm thick. How many parts are used to upgrade the hinge and how big the battery is, you have to buckle your fingers.

Speaking of which, let’s talk about shortcomings. In the first half of last year, my colleagues took the folding screen to play Allegro, and finally 1500 were used, which once made me sit up and take notice of the folding screen users.

The adaptation problem is similar, and the video window of the internal and external screens is the same size; Most apps don’t support split-screen browsing, and occasionally they do, and the left and right screens are in charge of each other; Even the basic resolution is out of order. Have you ever seen Xiao Luban’s legs 1.8 meters long?

Fortunately, this batch of Snapdragon 8+ new products has basically improved, especially the hinge, and the loose situation has been solved on the new machine. There is no doubt that OV Huawei is the best software adaptation. After all, software engineering bosses are all here.

Finally, in the recommendation link, the top five in this list are still very representative. How to choose folding inside, folding outside, big screen, small screen, 5G and 4G? The ready-made answer has come out.

The aftertaste of winter collides with spring.

Chimonanthus praecox is a winter plant in Feng Ling.
And magnolia is the messenger of spring.
Recently, careful citizens have discovered that
On the streets of Jiading
The flowers in the original two seasons actually bloom at the same time.
On Tacheng Road in Jiading, a magnolia tree has taken the lead in blooming, and the white and flawless flowers bloom like snow from afar. On the opposite side, the Chimonanthus praecox on the corner hasn’t withered, and the golden flowers are blooming in the wind. The flowers in the original two seasons actually bumped into each other, which surprised the nearby residents.
"In my impression, this is a flower in two seasons, one in winter and the other in spring. Now it is quite strange to bloom together." Mr. Wang said.
Why do flowers that belong to winter and spring bloom at the same time? Lu Xianqing, deputy section chief of the Park Greening Department of Jiading District Landscaping Management Office, said that the best temperature for Chimonanthus praecox to bloom is 0℃-5℃, and Magnolia grandiflora generally opens when the temperature reaches above 10℃. "Flowers are very sensitive to temperature. After the Spring Festival, there was a wave of warming, and there were individual differences in the flowering of magnolia, which caused some magnolia to disrupt the flowering period and met the wintersweet that had not withered." Lu Xianqing said.
However, the public wants to enjoy the beautiful scenery of magnolia in full bloom, and it will take another half month.
Written by: Yin Qinqin
Camera: Wang Jian
Reporting/feedback

There are many customs in Lantern Festival: lanterns set off fireworks across the bridge to touch nails and walk away from all diseases.

  BEIJING, Beijing, February 11th (Shangguan Yun) "Lantern Festival on the 15th day of the first month", solve riddles on the lanterns, watching the lion dance & HELIP; … Up to now, the traditional Lantern Festival still has many lively and interesting customs. Gao Wei, secretary-general of Beijing Folklore Society, told the reporter of Zhongxin. com (WeChat WeChat official account: cns2012) that eating Yuanxiao, watching lanterns and setting off fireworks are the main customs of Lantern Festival, and there are also some entertainment performances of dragon and lion dances. In addition, according to the reporter’s understanding, there is also a custom of "walking away from all diseases" in the Lantern Festival, hoping for health and safety in the coming year. Some women will dress up in costumes, walk out of the house together, cross the bridge to tide over the danger, and beg for children.

  Lantern Festival Lantern Festival: The image on the lantern can be changed, and the ice lantern is crystal clear.

  Lantern Festival is also called "Shangyuan Festival". Besides, there are many nicknames, such as Spring Lantern Festival and Lantern Festival, which took shape in the Qin Dynasty more than 2,000 years ago. With the development of history, the activities of the Lantern Festival have been expanding, and the festival period has also expanded from one day in the Han Dynasty to ten days in the Ming Dynasty. At that time, the season has been connected with the Spring Festival, and the daytime is the city, and the lights are lit and fireworks are set off at night, which is very lively.

  Lantern Festival is a traditional custom. There are different styles of lanterns, some of which are image lamps made by imitating the modeling of all things, and some are vivid goldfish lamps, dragon lamps and tiger lamps … … To name a few. Sometimes, skilled craftsmen will paint folk stories and legends on all kinds of lanterns, such as Cowherd and Weaver Girl and Twenty-four Filial Piety, which adds a lot of interest.

  Because of the different lighting periods, the first day of lighting is called "trial lighting", the fifteenth day of the first month is called "positive lighting", and the last day is called "residual lighting" and "stop lighting". During the Song Dynasty, solve riddles on the lanterns, also known as the "Lantern Tiger", usually put various riddles on lanterns, and people who guessed it often got a small reward, while scholars drank, wrote poems and answered correctly.

  "Lantern Festival lanterns are particularly well sealed ‘ Angry storm lantern ’ , there are also ‘ Lantern ’ The heat flow generated by the candle in the lamp drives the wheel shaft to rotate, and the images on several surfaces of the lantern can be constantly changed. " Gao Wei said that there were ice lanterns two or three meters high in ancient times, carved into warriors or other images, crystal clear and lifelike.

  There is a difference between Yuanxiao and Tangyuan: both boiled and fried are delicious.

  When it comes to the number one food on the fifteenth day of the first month, it must be Yuanxiao. Yuanxiao, also known as "Tangyuan", is similar in appearance, but slightly different in production techniques. Yuanxiao is "shaken": first, the stuffing is cut into squares of moderate size, and then the stuffing is soaked in water and put into a container shaped like a big sieve, which contains rice noodles. With the constant shaking, the stuffing stuck with Jiang rice flour eventually became a common Yuanxiao. The glutinous rice balls are mixed in advance, rolled into dough, and wrapped with stuffing like jiaozi.

  In recent years, the production of Yuanxiao has become increasingly refined. As far as dough is concerned, there are many types, such as Jiangmi noodles, sticky sorghum noodles and yellow wheat. The contents of fillings are also very rich, sweet, salty, vegetarian and everything. Sweet fillings include roses, sugar, assorted foods, bean paste, etc. People will also make five-spice Yuanxiao with mustard, garlic, leeks and ginger, which, according to homophonic terms, means hard work and long-term good meaning.

  How to eat Yuanxiao? Most people may say "cooking", but in fact, there are many methods such as steaming, frying and frying, which are equally delicious. On the day of the Lantern Festival, the family sat together and each person ate a bowl of Yuanxiao with soup, which was also enjoyable.

  "No matter which way it is made, this kind of food represents the wish of family reunion and harmony." Gao Wei said. (End)

[Damei V Vision] Did it snow there?

CCTV News:Snow falls in Qingyang

The magical nature

Take wind as a pen and snow as ink.

Sketch at will on the vast land

It’s a masterpiece.

 

 

The transparent world decorated with ice and snow

Qiongzhi jade leaf powder makeup jade

Haoran is picturesque in snow.

Look at the snow falling on the East Lake and the red Nanliang.

Watching the snow Ji Ziwuling, dyeing the snow with small caves.

 

 

A bird’s eye view of the plateau in Chu Qing after the snow.

There are canyons and ravines

There are terraced and soothing strokes

Every frame is as beautiful as a fairyland.

 

 

Snow is the messenger of winter.

It will be dusk and Qionghua will fly.

The Loess Plateau is covered with a layer of snow white.

Thousands of ditches and valleys are all black.

It makes people feel like they are in ink painting.

 

 

Snow is a gift of winter.

People walk into the snow.

Invest in the ice and snow sports belonging to Qingyang people

Feel the serenity and whiteness brought by snow.

Enjoying the happiness of close contact with snow.

Happy laughter fluttered in the snow.

 

 

Crystal clear ice hanging

Formed in an ice cave under the loess.

This is a solidified iron painting silver hook.

Hang the image of winter firmly on the loess

Under the shadow of the rustling snow

Actually beautiful like this.

 

 

The ice flowers are still on the branches.

A trickle of clear water freezes in time and space.

There is a hole in the transparent ice cave.

Come to Damei Qingyang and enjoy the ice and snow quietly.