Put a smart "cerebellum" on the car, and VMC will be the first to be applied to the new Zhiji next year.

journalist | Gan Wenjia
Picture source | Enterprise official

Part of the material of this article comes from SAIC Financial Holdings.
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Beginners on the road may be at a loss in the face of difficult scenes such as narrow road sticking and turning around in place. Don’t worry, your car will automatically "pass"; When the city is congested, the car will automatically adjust (shock absorber, and at the same time control the opening of the switch or the braking force to cooperate), so that bad experiences such as starting to look up and nodding the brakes will no longer occur; The road ahead is sharp, and the car senses it earlier than you do. Steering, braking and suspension work together to reduce the turning radius, making the turning safer and more comfortable …

If the smart car is compared to a person, then the car also needs a smart "cerebellum", that is, the vehicle central coordinated motion controller (VMC) to dominate the whole body movement. As we all know, the brain is an organ that regulates the body’s functions and controls people’s movements and feelings, while the role of the cerebellum is to regulate muscle movements and maintain the balance of the human body. The cerebellum feeds back the information from the exercise to the brain, thus playing the role of regulating and correcting the exercise. The "cerebellum" of the intelligent chassis is not simply executed after receiving the instructions from the central computing and decision-making unit "Brain", but comprehensively considers the current application scenarios, optimizes the handling performance and ride comfort on the basis of ensuring vehicle safety, and then distributes the instructions to steering, braking and suspension, and finally realizes the coordinated control of six degrees of freedom (front and rear, left and right, up and down) in X, Y and Z directions, "muscle" and ""

In the next three years, SAIC will devote itself to building a brand-new "scientific and technological life". Including "intelligent brain", "agile body" and "strong heart". Among them, the "agile body" is the first to achieve a breakthrough in the "VMC technology of the whole vehicle", which keeps the vehicle body stable in different driving modes and various road conditions. It is reported that VMC will be first applied to the new Zhiji car next year. At present, SAIC’s intelligent solution integrating people, vehicles and environment is undergoing research and development, testing and verification.

Chassis by wire or smart car
The last piece of "puzzle"

In the new electronic architecture, the automobile execution system is also undergoing changes. From traditional chassis to electric chassis, and then to intelligent chassis, automobile chassis is welcoming brand-new changes.

Vehicle control is nothing more than longitudinal control represented by braking, lateral control represented by steering, and suspension control represented by up and down, which corresponds to six degrees of freedom of automobile movement. In order to meet the strict requirements of faster response speed and higher control accuracy of automatic driving, intelligent chassis needs brake, steering and suspension components by wire, and intelligent chassis has also become a wire-controlled chassis.

Chassis-by-wire system transmits the driver’s operation command to the actuator through the electronic controller, replacing the connection and execution from the traditional mechanical structure such as steering wheel and pedal, so it has the advantages of high precision, high safety and high response speed. By controlling the chassis with digital signals, the mechanical decoupling of the control system and the execution system can be realized. The drive-by-wire chassis can not only meet the requirements of higher-level automatic driving, but also enrich the imagination space of the intelligent cockpit and bring a safer and more comfortable driving experience to the occupants.

The chassis by wire mainly includes three core components: brake by wire, steering by wire and suspension system. Among them, brake-by-wire can not only meet the requirements of rapid response of automatic driving, but also meet the rigid requirements of energy recovery and increasing cruising range of new energy vehicles, and the market penetration rate is rapidly increasing. At present, the electro-hydraulic braking EHB system has been widely used in high-end pure electric vehicles. Although additional safety redundant equipment is needed, the intelligent Two-Box scheme is still more common in the short term, and the penetration rate of the intelligent One-Box will be significantly improved in the next few years.

Steer-by-wire steering is a rigid demand in the intelligent driving stage, which is gradually emerging. At present, it is in the stage of research and development verification and just getting on the bus, and it will also become a technical hotspot in the next few years. In the next 10 years, the penetration rate of steer-by-wire will reach 50%.

Since the beginning of this year, the air suspension system has been put on the market with some models, and the market popularity has also climbed once.

From the reality, with the acceleration of intelligent by-wire control system in smart electric vehicles to improve the competitiveness of brand models, by 2025, the domestic smart chassis market is expected to expand rapidly, which is expected to reach more than 50 billion yuan. Among them, the technical reserve of brake-by-wire is relatively mature, and the market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 34% from 2022 to 2025; In the next 4-5 years, the improvement of its assembly rate will provide a core increment for the smart chassis market, while steer-by-wire and air suspension are expected to enter the pre-assembly lead-in period in 2025.

Cross-domain fusion
Flexible deployment

From a technical point of view, at present, there is a trend of integration of various systems of automobiles, such as intelligent cockpit and intelligent driving, which are being integrated across domains. Zhang Ying, president of Bosch Chassis Control System in China, said that compared with the traditional chassis control system, in which all components are relatively independent for longitudinal, lateral and vertical vehicle dynamic control, VMC can adapt the chassis that was basically "just for itself" to the trend, and integrate the functions of transmission system, driving system, steering system and braking system into multiple systems, which greatly improves the vertical integration ability of chassis development, and can be flexibly deployed in pairs.

Steering and braking integration. It is very difficult for ordinary drivers to slam the steering wheel or make a big correction if they turn a corner on the icy road. When steer-by-wire and brake can be combined, the steering wheel angle and brake controller of steer-by-wire can be controlled in coordination, and the brake and actuator of steer-by-wire are integrated. Ordinary drivers can turn with the help of technological innovation, without worrying about oversteering or understeering, avoiding obstacles successfully and easily turning corners smoothly.

Brake and suspension fusion. Suspension system should not only meet the requirements of comfort, but also take into account the requirements of handling stability. Comfort is also related to the braking system. If the braking is too urgent, there will be phenomena such as braking nodding and unstable control. Comfortable braking function makes you an "old driver" in seconds. Through the precise software control of the system, a part of the braking pressure can be released smoothly in an instant before the vehicle stops, which can greatly alleviate the vehicle nodding and ensure the vehicle to stop very safely.

Integration of braking and power system. When the car starts on smooth roads such as snow and ice, the driving wheels may slip and the direction will be out of control, which will lead to danger. The driving torque vector control and braking control are combined with each other, and the acceleration potential of the vehicle is fully tapped, the curve limit is exerted and the dynamic response is optimized through the optimal distribution of axle or wheel torque.

Integration of VMC and ADAS. In order to meet the richer functional experience in NAD autopilot scene, the chassis needs to provide a bearing platform for autopilot system, cockpit system and power system. In the NAD autopilot scenario, VMC can integrate four-wheel drive distribution, brake-by-wire and variable suspension functions to maximize the dynamic performance of the vehicle, while supporting high-level autopilot scenarios. Through FOTA upgrade, it can be flexibly upgraded and quickly iterated.

Safety and comfort
Have your cake and eat it.

As a safety component, intelligent chassis has the highest functional safety level requirements. Functional safety is the core requirement of intelligent chassis and autonomous driving development. If the high-order automatic driving system comes, redundant braking and fail-safe will become the most important. Only on the basis of safety can driving be pleasant, comfortable, agile and personalized.

When the smart car develops to L3 or above, the driver will no longer control the car for a considerable part of the driving process, and the main responsibility of driving has changed from the driver to the system itself, which brings great challenges to the performance and safety of the whole chassis. For the drive-by-wire chassis, the most important requirements are safety and redundancy, and redundancy is also safe in essence. VMC has two backup schemes of independent actuators. When the main controller fails, the redundant controller takes over, which can systematically reduce the risk of failure of key functions.

The intelligent chassis is divided into two important parts: one is the chassis execution part, which realizes the coordinated control in X, Y and Z directions and the coordinated wire control optimization; Second, the chassis domain control system, based on the advantages of strong hardware and high performance chassis, further realizes the whole domain fusion control and rapid iteration of chassis through experience drive.

With the development trend and evolution of centralized electronic and electrical architecture, chassis control will be promoted to the concept of "domain". Combined with the chassis hardware system, the intelligent chassis domain controller can comprehensively design and adjust the chassis comfort and handling.

VMC can uniformly adjust and control air spring height, shock absorber damping, electronic parking and other functions. The controller detects the vehicle state through the signal received by the sensor, determines the optimal parameter instruction according to the algorithm or control strategy, adjusts the spring stiffness and damping state of the shock absorber, and increases the correction of pitch and roll to enhance the control of the vehicle body. For example, when driving in the field with poor road conditions and encountering a protruding obstacle in front, VMC system will "command" the air spring to raise the height of the car body, and at the same time adjust the electric shock absorber to make the vehicle smooth. In the face of bumpy roads, the system will also use compensation braking to alleviate jitter.

Thanks to VMC, after adjusting a large number of key components such as tires, air suspension and steering system, each car realizes the combination of comfort and handling, and develops various driving modes such as sports, comfort and energy saving according to road conditions and driving habits of users to meet the individual needs of users. At the same time, VMC relies on continuous collection and identification of users’ personalized driving data, and provides driving experience that meets users’ psychological expectations through human-vehicle interaction and self-learning iteration.

Different routes
"Zero" requires cooperation.

The Roadmap of Intelligent Chassis Technology for Electric Vehicles establishes the development goal of intelligent chassis, and the overall goal is that by 2030, intelligent chassis will meet the requirements of first-class products and leading technology. "The next 10 years will be a major strategic opportunity period for China’s intelligent chassis technology innovation and industrial development." Li Jun, then chairman of China Automotive Engineering Society, pointed out at the 2023 Electric Vehicle Intelligent Chassis Conference. At the same time, the intelligent chassis industry has also entered a critical stage of technical competition. Among them, the chassis domain controller has become a battleground for intelligent chassis development.

In the past, the international Tier 1 controlled the core of chassis control technology and provided "black box" chassis solutions for car companies. Many car companies, especially China brands, are highly dependent on suppliers’ development support, and the development time is long and the constraints are high, resulting in the lack of deep-seated chassis function integration development ability of the main engine factory, which makes the vehicles only meet some simple basic driving experiences, with few extended functions and relatively single driving experience.

On the one hand, with the rapid launch of new models, car companies urgently need to change the current situation. In the view of some OEMs, the high integration of software and hardware and cross-domain integration control ability are the core competencies that car companies must have in the era of smart cars, and they must be in their own hands. At present, some OEMs, such as BYD, Ideality and Weilai Automobile, have started full-stack self-research in this respect, and tend to plan chassis domain, convergence domain and other architectures, and lead the development of application software, and also put forward the requirements of "white box" delivery software for suppliers.

On the other hand, the international Tier 1 will obviously not give up the current market interests. Bosch China said that ABS and ESP are one of Bosch’s main products at present, and we are taking smart chassis as our next goal. ZF and Jidu have jointly developed the next generation of intelligent chassis technology to support automobile robots to "move freely".

With the continuous upgrading of R&D technology, coupled with the advantages of stable supply chain, rapid development and market response, China suppliers are likely to catch up with others. Among them, since the mass production of One-box line control products in 2021, Bethel has carried a number of models to the market. At the same time, local start-ups such as Nathan, Tongyu, Likun and Grubo have successfully mass-produced brake-by-wire products based on the Two-box scheme, achieving a new breakthrough in localization.

There are various indications that in the field of intelligent chassis, especially in VMC, the boundary between OEMs and suppliers in the technical field has become blurred, and the technical route of domain controllers will also be "contended by a hundred schools of thought". Borders are often fought out, but at the same time, there are opportunities for cooperation in competition.

Zhang Jinhua, chairman of the China Society of Automotive Engineering, suggested that we should advocate adhering to the sense of cooperation, deepen the whole-scale cooperation, cross-border cooperation and international cooperation, and deepen the synergy between the industrial chain.

Although the full-stack self-developed chassis domain control allows the main engine factory to master more autonomy, it also needs to consider the cost and efficiency. The drive-by-wire chassis products need a lot of adjustment work and the full cooperation of the parts manufacturers. The advantage of the main engine factory is to integrate the parts control provided by suppliers. In the future, the direction of cooperation between the two parties is likely to be to jointly define the system architecture and development design, and all parties will contribute their own "points" and unite to achieve a "breakthrough". Specifically, the supplier may only be responsible for providing the hardware and doing the underlying driver, and then open the control right to the OEM to do in-depth joint development with the OEM, so as to improve the development efficiency and software reusability, speed up the iteration and reduce the cost.

[Those things in China] Foreign "online celebrity" is optimistic about China’s business opportunities. US media: Keep up with the trend and tap high-quality content to be competitive

  China Daily Online, January 11th In recent years, China’s "online celebrity" economy has grown exponentially. According to the data released by consulting organizations, the number of "online celebrity" with more than 100,000 fans in 2017 increased by 57.3% compared with 2016. For China, a market with 1 billion mobile phone users, foreign "online celebrity" have also found huge business opportunities. Nowadays, more and more foreign faces appear on various social platforms in China.

  According to the American news website The China First News, in 2018,’s "online celebrity" economy was about $14 billion (about 96 billion yuan). The huge fan base and lucrative advertising fees have made a fortune for domestic "online celebrity", and now foreigners are competing to join in the fun. In order to stand out from the fierce competition, foreigners follow the trend and meet the needs of China fans to the greatest extent by providing distinctive content.

  Launch its own brand

  According to the article, foreigners who were famous in China in the past were either international celebrities themselves or lived in Asia. The latter can attract people’s attention for two reasons. First, it is as unconventional as a "bearded spice girl" who has been a wrestler; The second is to become a China hand like a mountain.

  Nowadays, a new type of foreign celebrities has begun to rise. They have often become popular on social media abroad. Although he can only speak a few simple Chinese, the English level of young people in China has improved, and fans often translate subtitles spontaneously, which attracts the attention of many fans in China. In short, these content creators always have something that interests China audiences.

Gavin’s screenshot of Weibo

  Gavin Thomas, an 8-year-old "smirk boy", is an example. In many Asian countries, in order not to offend people or ease the embarrassing atmosphere, people always squeeze out a fake smile. Gavin’s "embarrassed and polite smiles" aroused people’s resonance and made him gain a lot of fans.

  In July 2018, Gavin opened a Weibo account, and the number of Weibo fans has reached 1.95 million, exceeding his fans on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. Gavin has cooperated with Taobao and launched a series of co-branded products, such as sweaters with his head, which is a change in the way foreign online celebrity realized in China.

  In 2018, there seems to be a new trend among foreign bloggers. They should not only produce high-quality content, but also integrate themselves into all aspects of life in China and form their own distinctive cultural brands. In 2019, foreign "online celebrity" may pay more attention to the interaction with netizens in China, create an influential independent brand in China and realize its realization.

  Multi-platform operation

  The article points out that WeChat and Weibo are the largest social media platforms in China. In addition, social media platforms such as Youku Tudou, Tik Tok, Xiaohongshu, Meipai, and Bili also have many users.

  Previously, foreign "online celebrity" bloggers were mainly active in WeChat and Weibo, but in 2018, a short video boom started in China, with domestic bloggers shooting short videos on various platforms, and foreign bloggers also followed the trend.

  Some of them hang out on short video platforms such as Li Li, some settle in Xiaohong’s writing product evaluation, and some specialize in making funny videos. Some foreign bloggers even have fans in Zhihu. Marie from England can speak fluent Chinese. On social media in China, her name is Tan Manru. Going to Zhihu and making videos made her famous in China.

  In 2015, Tan Manru and China’s popular Chen Han Siri filmed a video, which was posted on Mile Mile, Youku and YouTube, and the number of hits exceeded 37,000. The video released by Chen Han Siri focuses on letting China audience know about western culture.

  When answering questions from Zhihu, Tan Manru often gives her own unique views on cultural differences and explains her understanding of China culture in a humorous way. She won more than 130,000 endorsements and 41,580 collections on Zhihu. After becoming popular on Zhihu, Tan Manru also began to enter other platforms. She settled in the knowledge question-and-answer platform "Be a little better" to provide paid question-and-answer service for fans.

  In 2018, social media in China flourished, and various platforms emerged one after another. Especially with the rise of short videos, creating richer content to help major platforms attract users has become a must for foreign "online celebrity".

  Seek institutionalized operation

  The article thinks that 2018 is the era of short video, with second shot, Aauto Quicker and Tik Tok leading the way. The video ecosystem has also changed in other ways.

  However, as foreign "online celebrity" clustered in China content market, more and more people encountered difficulties in cross-cultural communication and entering the China market. At this time, MCN(Multi-Channel Network) operation mode shows certain advantages. Slivki Show, a Ukrainian video blogger on YouTube, is an example of the cooperation between content creators and MCN organizations. Slivki Show will share interesting scientific experiments and life tips, such as how to squeeze 2 liters of orange juice from an orange. It has more than 1 million fans and 191 million video hits on Youtube. In 2017, Slivki Show settled in Weibo and added Chinese subtitles to the video.

Slivki Show will share interesting scientific experiments and life tips. Image source: Weibo video screenshot

  MCN institutions explore and sign talents, and then push them to various media platforms. Yoola, a MCN company working with Slivki Show, manages more than 72,000 channels on YouTube. Yoola localizes the channels that it thinks are suitable for China audiences.

  People may not have noticed that many foreign entertainers have settled in China social media websites or cooperated with MCN organizations. American model Carly Klaus settled in Little Red Book in May. Actor Robert Downey Jr., singers Taylor Swift and Britney Jean Spears, basketball player Dwyane Wade all opened Weibo, and Radiohead of British rock band also used Weibo. Many of these people’s social media accounts in China are managed by the Fanstang of MCN. And creative rookies can cooperate with many small MCN organizations to localize their content in China market.

  The article points out that in the future, there will be more foreign "online celebrity" active on social media platforms in China, especially those YouTube foreign bloggers who have many fans. They won’t miss the market of China, and they will be more active in 2019.

Five major urban agglomerations explore the road "hydrogen energy" fuel cell vehicles welcome good results

  In the workshop of Beijing Yihuatong Technology Co., Ltd., workers are assembling hydrogen engines. Information photo

  With the implementation of the "double carbon" strategy, the development of China’s hydrogen energy industry has entered the "fast lane", and the transportation field represented by fuel cell vehicles has become an important breakthrough. The reporter of Economic Information Daily recently learned that the construction of five demonstration urban agglomerations of fuel cell vehicles in China has been accelerated, the core technologies have been continuously broken, and the hydrogen energy industry chain has been gradually improved. Under a series of favorable conditions, the delivery and commissioning of domestic fuel cell vehicles ushered in an intensive period. However, it is worth noting that the hydrogen energy industry is still in its infancy, and it is necessary to make efforts in infrastructure construction and other aspects.

  Fuel cell vehicles are intensively put into operation

  Every day, a number of special "green brand cars" will be ushered in at Shanghai Petroleum Qingwei Oil-Hydrogen Co-construction Station, which is the first batch of fuel cell network cars in China that have been put into operation recently. At present, there are only 80 vehicles in this batch, which operate around Hongqiao Airport and are expected to increase to 200 by the end of the year.

  This is a microcosm of the accelerated application of hydrogen energy in China. In August, 2021, the five ministries and commissions jointly issued the Notice on Launching the Demonstration and Application of Fuel Cell Vehicles, and agreed to start the demonstration and application of fuel cell vehicles in urban agglomerations submitted by Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong. In December 2021, demonstration urban agglomerations of fuel cell vehicles in Henan and Hebei were successively approved, and a "3+2" fuel cell vehicle demonstration pattern was formed nationwide.

  As the leading city of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei fuel cell vehicle demonstration city group, the starting area of Daxing International Hydrogen Energy Demonstration Zone built by Beijing was completed and put into operation in March this year. At present, the first phase of the Southern District project has also started construction, and it is expected to be completed within this year, expanding the testing, workshop and office space of the park. The second and third phases of the demonstration area are being planned and designed simultaneously to provide space guarantee for the subsequent projects.

  "We have built a perfect ecological chain for the hydrogen energy industry from special policies, industrial alliances, third-party testing and certification platforms, and standard formulation." Ren Juanjuan, deputy director of Beijing Daxing District Bureau of Economy and Information Technology, said that at present, there are more than 1,000 fuel cell vehicles promoted in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration as a whole, and nearly 600 vehicles have been promoted in Daxing District, covering various application scenarios such as tourist buses, sweepers and heavy trucks.

  According to the Fuel Cell Vehicle Database released by GGII, from August 2021 to August 2022, that is, the first year of the national fuel cell vehicle demonstration city group, the cumulative sales of fuel cell vehicles in the five demonstration groups were 2590.

  According to the report of Chuancai Securities, under the background of the steady advancement of local policies, the delivery and commissioning of domestic fuel cell vehicles ushered in an intensive period. In the third quarter of 2022, a total of 1,346 fuel cell vehicles were delivered, of which more than 1,000 were put into use in five demonstration urban agglomerations. As a mature field of hydrogen energy application at present, the industrial effect of vehicle is gradually emerging.

  According to the data of China Association of Automobile Manufacturers, the production and sales of fuel cell vehicles also continued to grow at a high speed. In September 2022, the production and sales of fuel cell vehicles were 183 and 202 respectively, up by 18.1% and 16.8% respectively. From January to September, the production and sales of fuel cell vehicles all reached 2,000 units, up 1.7 times and 1.3 times respectively.

  nucleusHeart technology accelerates breakthrough

  In addition to policy support, accelerating the breakthrough of core technologies is one of the important supports for accelerating the demonstration operation of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

  On the north side of Beijing Daxing International Hydrogen Energy Demonstration Zone, in the production workshop of Beijing Yihuatong Technology Co., Ltd., on the production line with an annual output of 3,000 hydrogen energy engines, several workers are assembling precision parts, and monitoring the torque and angle in real time through intelligent electric tightening guns in their hands to avoid rework. On the next channel, countless small QR codes are marked on the ground, and robots shuttle back and forth. They can accurately deliver parts to the door through navigation and positioning technologies such as laser and vision.

  "At present, we have formed a comprehensive integrated hydrogen energy industry solution with fuel cell system as the core, and the power of hydrogen energy engine products independently developed and produced covers 30 kW to 240 kW." Bao Jianpeng, deputy director of the production department of Beijing Yihuatong Technology Co., Ltd. said.

  Another domestic hydrogen engine R&D and manufacturing enterprise in the park — — Beijing Wenli Technology Co., Ltd. has also built a series of fuel cell products and their core components through independent research and development, which are not only used in commercial vehicles and construction machinery vehicles, but also extended to non-vehicle fields such as mobile power supply and distributed power stations.

  "Our fuel cell engine technology is relatively mature, and the planned production capacity is 2,000 sets per year, while the air compressor can currently reach the production capacity of 20,000 sets." Zuo Linlin, deputy general manager of Beijing Wenli Technology Co., Ltd., said in an interview with the Economic Information Daily.

  It is understood that there are currently 139 enterprises registered in Daxing International Hydrogen Energy Demonstration Zone, initially forming a perfect hydrogen energy industry system. "The eight core component technologies of hydrogen fuel cells have basically achieved domestic autonomy and are still being iteratively upgraded." Ren Juanjuan revealed.

  Business people including Zuo Linlin have also felt this change in practice. In the early years, most of the key components and materials of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles were imported from abroad. Now, except for some products such as power semiconductors, the parts purchased by the company have basically been localized, the supply speed has been further accelerated, and the cost of key raw materials has continued to decline.

  Advanced layout of infrastructure

  As a key part of the hydrogen energy industry chain, the role of infrastructure construction can not be ignored.

  Daxing International Hydrogen Energy Demonstration Zone has the largest daily hydrogenation station in the world, with 8 hydrogenation machines and 16 hydrogenation guns, with a daily hydrogenation capacity of 4.8 tons, and about hundreds of hydrogen energy vehicles come here for hydrogenation every day. Hydrogen from the hydrogen refueling station can also be directly transported to the hydrogen-related testing center with an area of 1,500 square meters through pipelines.

  According to the data of the National Energy Administration, by the end of June, more than 270 hydrogen refueling stations had been built in China, accounting for about 40% of the global total, ranking first in the world.

  However, compared with the promotion of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, the guarantee of hydrogen energy replenishment is still insufficient. "At present, our main limitation is infrastructure. If the hydrogen refueling station can keep up, the fuel cell will usher in an explosive growth." Zuo Linlin said.

  The reporter noted that at present, many places have issued plans to support the development of hydrogen energy industry, and infrastructure construction is one of the key points. For example, at a recent press conference, Tang Wenkan, deputy director of the Shanghai Economic Information Commission, revealed that a special plan for hydrogen refueling stations will be introduced, and the layout will be moderately advanced. In 2025, more than 70 hydrogen refueling stations of various types will be built and put into use to achieve full coverage of key application areas.

  During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period in Guangdong Province, 300 hydrogen refueling stations were built, including over 200 demonstration urban agglomerations. The financial subsidies for the construction of hydrogen refueling stations at all levels can reach up to 5 million yuan. Beijing will give 5 million yuan and 2 million yuan of fixed construction subsidies to hydrogen refueling stations built (including reconstruction and expansion) within the administrative area according to the rated working capacity of compressors of not less than 1000 kg and 500 kg in 12 hours respectively.

  Insiders pointed out that the hydrogen energy industry is still in its infancy, and the problems restricting development such as technology, cost and infrastructure are gradually improving, but it is expected that a major breakthrough will be achieved after 2025. The report released by Kang Yong, chief economist of KPMG China, shows that hydrogen energy is expected to take the lead in commercialization in the transportation field; Green hydrogen production, localization of key materials of hydrogen fuel cells and equipment of hydrogen refueling stations will become hot tracks in the hydrogen energy industry; The regional industrial layout of hydrogen energy has been rapidly formed.

Gong Xinliang joined the "Old Master Q" conference and Yaoyao showed off her lovely singing.


Guo Shuyao sang the theme song "Didida" MV of "The Legend of the Little Tiger of the Professor"


Gong Xinliang and Guo Shuyao, two "otaku goddesses", joined hands with "Old Master Q" and "Big Sweet Potato"


Gong Xinliang black silk temptation big show legs.


Guo Shuyao danced live and sang the theme song "DIDIDA".


Yaoyao, who danced hard, accidentally revealed her safety pants.

    Movie network news(Photo/Qian Jiayi Wen/Chang Wei) On January 18th, a MV conference was held in Beijing. MiuMiu Gong Xinliang came to join us to show the temptation of black silk, and she also voiced the underwater elf "Bright Water" in the film. Guo Shuyao, Taiwan Province’s "Otaku Goddess", appeared in a miniskirt and sang the theme song "DIDIDA". She was not afraid to expose herself, and her dance expressions were very cute. The dubbing tidbits of the film were also broadcast on the spot, and super teams such as Deng Chao, Zhang Hanyu, Jerry Lee, Cai Kangyong and Elva Hsiao gave voices to the film to reveal the behind-the-scenes story.

Gong Xinliang’s exhibition of black silk lures Guo Shuyao to sing lovely songs without fear of revealing the bottom.

    At the press conference, MiuMiu Gong Xinliang came to join us as one of the voice actors. She was uncharacteristically "chest-sealed", but a pair of long legs seduced by black silk still murdered countless films. Gong Xinliang was involved in film dubbing for the first time, claiming that he was under great pressure. In order to express "baby sounds", he worked hard with professional dubbing teachers. Gong Xinliang broke the news that he had to use a very soft and ethereal voice when dubbing. When Jerry Lee heard this, he shouted that he couldn’t stand it. However, with the cute elf "Water is bright" in the cartoon, the image and voice are a perfect match.

    The theme song of "The Legend of the Little Water Tiger of the Professor" is "DIDIDA" sung by Taiwan Province sweetheart Guo Shuyao. Yaoyao sang and danced in an ultra-short gauze skirt, and sang this song at the scene. She was not afraid to show black safety pants at all, and her cute expression and cute dance steps made people sigh that she was worthy of being called "the goddess of otaku". Yaoyao also said that the "Water Tiger Dance" was specially created for this song, and some movements were very similar to the "Little Water Tiger" swimming in the water in the cartoon, and I was very happy that my song could be selected as the theme song.


Poster of "The Legend of the Little Tiger of the Professor"


Deng ChaoVoice "Old Master Q"

Click to watch the dubbing tidbits of "The Legend of the Little Tiger of the Professor"

Deng Chao led the super dubbing lineup "Old Master Q" and "Big Sweet Potato" dolls.

    This cartoon has an all-star dubbing lineup, with not only Cai Kangyong, a famous mouth from Taiwan Province, and Elva Hsiao, the singer, but also actors such as Deng Chao, Zhang Hanyu, Jerry Lee, Huo Siyan, Che Xiao, Gong Xinliang, Sha Yi and Zhang Junning from Huayi Brothers. The dubbing tidbits of the film were also broadcast at the press conference, and the highlights were revealed in advance.

    Deng Chao is proud of the Chinese cartoon image this time — — "Old Master Q" dubbing, there are many networked languages. Zhang Hanyu dubs the villain "Hot King", sometimes deep and mysterious, sometimes angry and puffed up. Cai Kangyong said that he didn’t expect Old Master Q to have the plot of science fiction films, and the Dragon King of Beihai who voiced himself often laughed wildly, which was absolutely invisible in Kangxi. Elva Hsiao voiced Miss Chen, the heroine in the film, saying that it was very enjoyable to shout out the voice that had been suppressed for a long time in her heart.

    At the press conference, Old Master Q and sweet potato dolls also brought surprises. The wonderful combination of one tall, one short, one fat and one thin allows everyone to appreciate the cuteness of anime characters in advance. What kind of adventure story the shrewd Old Master Q and the simple and honest sweet potato will bring to the audience will not be revealed until January 27th.

More wonderful pictures on the next page

Liars stare at the Tik Tok card collection platform to remind them not to be fooled.

  As the Spring Festival is approaching, many platforms have launched the activities of collecting cards and redeeming red envelopes, and the exchange of cards such as Fuka and Zanka among friends has also become the current trend. Unexpectedly, some scammers are also eyeing this "market". A few days ago, many netizens reported that in the process of collecting Tik Tok gold cards, they wanted to spend money to buy one from others because the gold card corresponding to the word "Fa" was not received, but as soon as the transfer was made, the other party was blacked out and lost contact. In response to this situation, the Beijing Youth Daily reporter learned from Tik Tok yesterday that it is not reliable to resell gold cards online, and the card collection page exposed by scammers is not consistent with the actual situation. "After the cards are collected, the buttons will change, so don’t be fooled."

  Weibo broke the news.

  Buying a Tik Tok "hair" card meets a liar

  The reporter of Beiqing Daily noticed that according to the introduction of related activities in Tik Tok, the top 1,088 people collected five gold cards corresponding to each word of "Make a fortune in China", and they could get a 10,000-yuan koi fish red envelope. As of 15: 30 on January 18th, 319 people had collected their gold cards.

  Wang Wei (not his real name), who lives in Hainan, saw someone posting the Tik Tok Card Collection page in Weibo on the 17th. The screenshot shows that the other party has collected six "Fas". As it happens, there is only one "hair" missing from the card I collected, so I contact the other party actively, hoping that the other party can share a "hair" with me. After Wang Wei passed the consultation in Weibo, the other party said that "fat" was rare and there were many people who wanted it. If they really wanted it, they needed to pay some money. After that, the two parties agreed that Wang Weixian would transfer money to 300 yuan, and the other party would share the card before giving it to 200 yuan, and added WeChat to each other to facilitate contact. However, after Wang Wei transferred money to 300 yuan via WeChat, the other party repeatedly shirked it on the pretext of poor signal on the road, delayed sharing the card, and completely blacked out Wang Wei after Wang Wei proposed to report to the police, and lost contact from then on.

  Wang Wei said that he had consulted the local police, but it was difficult to file a case only for 300 yuan’s losses. Therefore, Wang Wei left a message at the bottom of the other party’s Weibo that night, exposing the scam, hoping to prevent others from falling for it as much as possible. In addition to Wang Wei, many netizens also reported encountering similar scams: "I just got cheated by Tik Tok’s card issuance for 100 yuan, suffocating." "I was cheated by 30 yuan, and I didn’t have much money, but I was still angry."

  Netizen analysis

  10,000 yuan red envelope makes the competition more intense.

  In fact, many netizens are busy collecting blessings and praises. Compared with Alipay’s activities in Five Blessingg, why is Tik Tok’s "Year of Making a Rich in China" so popular that it is targeted by scammers?

  Meng Xi (pseudonym), who has participated in such activities for several years in a row, told the reporter of Beiqing Daily: "This year, Alipay, Tencent News, Aauto Quicker, Tik Tok and other platforms have activities, and it is still uncertain how many red envelopes other platforms will receive after collecting cards. Grab ‘ according to previous years; Dedication ’ Experience, the amount of red envelopes after the collection is not too high. In contrast, Tik Tok’s activity is to explicitly promise that the top 1,088 collected users will get 10,000 yuan in red envelopes, which is relatively large, and they have to be ahead of so many netizens in the country, so the competition is fierce, and some people are even willing to spend thousands of dollars to buy the most scarce ‘ Send ’ Card. "

  Journalist experience

  Claiming to be "delivered" but still charging.

  According to netizens, among the five gold cards in Tik Tok’s activities, the word "Fa" has the lowest probability. Many people are stuck in this card, and most scammers cheat on the pretext that they have extra "Fa".

  The reporter of Beiqing Daily searched yesterday and found that in the user comment area where they have already exposed their own redundant "hair" cards, many netizens left messages saying that they want to buy one. The reporter of Beiqing Daily contacted Mike (a pseudonym), one of the users who claimed to have extra cards. The other party said that he had an extra one, "which can be given to the right person at random".

  After the reporter of Beiqing Daily contacted his private letter, Mike said that there are too many people who want this card, and it depends on sincerity to decide who to give it to, and said, "You make a price first." When the reporter of Beiqing Daily offered to go out to 300 yuan to buy a card, the other party quickly sent a two-dimensional code for collection, requesting to transfer money first. When the reporter of Beiqing Daily asked "What if you don’t give the card if you give the money", the other party suggested that you can turn half first. The reporter of Beiqing Daily rejected this suggestion and asked the other party to leave a contact information that can ensure that he can be contacted, so as not to find someone when it is dark.

  After that, the other party sent a QQ account as a guarantee, and asked the reporter of Beiqing Daily to transfer money as soon as possible after adding him as a friend. The reporter of Beiqing Daily found that the relevant personal information in the QQ account it provided had been hidden, and the WeChat account associated with the account showed that "the account status was abnormal and could not be displayed".

  Tik Tok reminded.

  The page buttons will change after the cards are collected.

  The reporter of Beiqing Daily noticed that the gold card collection page provided by Mike showed that the cards he had collected ranged from 2 to 10, and the rest were consistent with the pages of users who had not collected all the cards. Some netizens suggested that if five cards have been collected, the red button "Increase the number of cards drawn immediately" at the bottom of the page should be changed into other words, and it is suspected that there are many screenshots of "hair" pages on the Internet. Some netizens reminded me that "10,000 yuan has to be sold in hundreds or dozens, and people are trying to figure it out." It is not credible when you listen. "

  Yesterday afternoon, the reporter of Beiqing Daily learned from the Public Relations Office of Tik Tok that according to the activity setting, users will automatically enter the stage of collecting diamond cards after collecting all the gold cards, and the page buttons will change accordingly. At the same time, Tik Tok’s public relations stressed that at present, the platform has released rumors about the online reselling of gold cards. "Remind everyone, don’t trust those online ‘ Selling cards ’ Or ‘ Cheats for selling flashcards ’ All the people are fake. "

  Text/reporter Kong Linghan Coordinator/Jiang Wei

Ten spy war dramas with zero bad reviews are suspenseful and brain-burning, and the last one is seriously underestimated.

Original title: 10 spy war dramas with zero bad reviews, suspense and brain-burning, and the last one was seriously underestimated.

Among many types of TV dramas, spy war dramas always attract a large number of loyal audiences with their unique suspense and intellectual competition. This type of drama not only tells the tense and challenging information wars in history, but also deeply discusses the complexity and diversity of human nature. In this article, we selected 10 spy war dramas with excellent reputation, which presented a wonderful intellectual contest for the audience with compact plots, rich characterization and profound theme thinking. However, the underestimation of the last drama may be its uniqueness, which is worth savoring by every audience.

1. "Kite" and "Kite" make people feel a little struggling in the first half: the plot unfolds slowly, the dialogue lacks characteristics, frequent memories distract people, and the behavior of the protagonist Jiang Xin is puzzling, and Han Bing’s tone is also difficult to adapt to. However, with the development of the plot, especially after Zheng Yaoxian and Han Bing were sent to the reform-through-labour farm, the plot gradually deepened, showing the profound influence of the background of the times on individual destiny. The lines become more grounded, and the plot is driven by events rather than lengthy dialogues. When the plot developed to Zheng Yaoxian walking alone on the road, it was already old, and the audience was involuntarily moved.

2. Cliff and Cliff are generally well-made works, with frequent plot twists and turns, and occasional interludes add interest to the plot, but there are also many logical loopholes in the play. For example, the protagonist’s ex-wife once lived in her home as a cousin, but she was completely forgotten in the encounter after many years, which is quite far-fetched. In addition, the important witness clues in the play were suddenly put forward without follow-up, which made the process of solving the case seem a little regrettable.

3. With its unique narrative style, The Assassination tells a series of gripping spy war stories. This drama is not limited to traditional espionage, but also explores the truth of human nature and history in a deeper level. Surprisingly, in addition to the intense spy war plot, the play also contains a profound analysis of the good and evil of human nature, which constitutes the unique charm of the play.

4. Before Dawn and Before Dawn present an interesting and thought-provoking masterpiece for the audience with its solid plot, correct values and smooth logic. Although there are many descriptions of bitterness and suffering in the play, its true service approach to life, the actors’ online acting skills and clear and smooth dialogue have made this play a favorite of many viewers. Thank you to all the staff in the front and back stage of the crew for bringing us such a TV series full of human care and artistic appeal.

5. As a classic spy war drama, Latency profoundly depicts the power of faith and the brilliance of human nature. The emotional interweaving between Yu Zecheng and Zuo Lan, Zuo Lan’s sacrifice and Yu Zecheng’s choice at a major historical moment all show the inner struggle and persistence of the characters. There are not only tense plots in the play, but also delicate descriptions of characters’ emotions, especially the love line between Yu Zecheng and Cui Ping, which shows profound human concern.

6. "Red" and "Red" describe the story of Xu Tian’s efforts to protect his family and loved ones in turbulent times. Although he only wanted to live an ordinary life, he was unfortunately involved in a series of complicated events. As a strong woman in the play, Tian Dan protects herself with her calmness and wisdom. The performance of those annoying Japanese characters in the play and the wonderful interpretation of the role of Jin Ye all add a lot of color to the plot. Some philosophical dialogues in the play are also a major feature of the play.

7. The plot arrangement in "Mask" and "Mask" is a little far-fetched, and the characters around the hero always seem to die strangely in an unreasonable way, which makes the plot seem unnatural. Sudden plot twists, such as the just sheriff unexpectedly becoming a hidden spy, and the sudden change of other roles, make people feel a little abrupt. Love clues are also difficult to put into. On the whole, the rationality of the plot needs to be strengthened.

8. The plot of "Never Gone Radio Wave" and "Never Gone Radio Wave" is divided into several obvious chapters, but the characterization of some characters, how to Lanfen, is not successful, which makes the story appear stiff in some places. If there were more characters like Ye Xingcheng in the play, the story would be more exciting. The heroism in the play is too strong, sometimes it seems too idealistic and not close to reality.

9. "Secret and Great" and "Secret and Great" show how to properly use idol actors in spy war dramas with their compact plots and proper use of actors. In the play, complex inner drama and emotional drama are given to competent actors, but idol actors are not forced to go beyond their acting scope. This kind of director’s wise choice and sense of responsibility ensures the quality of the drama, and at the same time shows the audience a commercial and in-depth work.

10. "No regrets" and "No regrets" are different in style, giving people a feeling that they are not quite made in mainland China. There are some similarities with Kite, especially in the grounding of lines, which successfully reflects the real life of the people at that time. Such a dialogue full of life has become rare in the current drama series. This drama is not only an entertainment work, but also an important channel for understanding history and self-reflection. It aroused people’s nostalgia and interest in TV dramas in the 1990s.

Through the review of these 10 spy war dramas, it is not difficult to find that whether it is the tense plot arrangement, the profound characterization or the true restoration of the historical background, these works show the unique charm of this type of spy war drama. They are not only a tribute to history, but also a profound discussion of human nature, beliefs and ideals. The underestimated drama series may not be widely recognized because of its unique expression and profound connotation. But just like the real spy war, the truth is often hidden under the surface, waiting for the audience to dig and discover. I hope these works can stimulate more discussion and thinking, and let us have a deeper understanding of this complex and fascinating world.

Editor in charge:

"The Scare of the Spy Wars in the Deep Sea" ended, and Ruoyun Zhang got revenge and went to Yan’ an.

Last night (November 18th), the TV series "The Scare of the Deep Sea" ended successfully in the Golden Eagle Solo Theater of Hunan Satellite TV. In the drama, Chen Shan (Ruoyun Zhang) went to Yan ‘an to reunite with Yu Xiaoyou (Adi) after successfully intercepting the traitor Huang Zhizhong’s glorious task of handing over the map of Chongqing Arsenal to the Japanese … At the same time, the topic words related to the finale were widely spread on social networks. Topics such as # Stunned Ending # and # Chen Shanyu’s Little Night Reunion # have aroused the attention and discussion enthusiasm of netizens.

The ratings continue to shine, and the online hot discussion gains a good reputation.

Recently (November 18th), "The Scare of the Spy War in the Deep Sea" came to a close. Chen Shan not only successfully completed the task delivered by the organization, but also smashed the enemy’s plan again. After that, he went to Yan ‘an, a revolutionary base, and continued to fight for his country. Happily, after arriving in Yan ‘an, Chen Shan and Yu Xiaoye finally met. By the end of the season, the ratings of "The Scare of the Spy Wars in the Deep Sea" were excellent, and the single-day ratings continued to maintain the first place in the dual-network ratings of provincial satellite TV, reaching a maximum of 1.727 in CSM59 City. The play index of Vlinkage TV series ranked first on the 23rd. As of the date of publication, the reading volume of # TV series # was 2.52 billion, and the discussion volume reached 1.581 million, which kept the first place among TV series in the same period. What’s more worth mentioning is that the title of # Jing Zhe # has been listed on the hot search list of Weibo for many times, # Jing Zhe #, # Ruoyun Zhang is too difficult #, # Ruoyun Zhang’s reasoning #, # Jing Zhe’s lines #, # Love Yu Xiao Ye #, # Chen Xia came back with the family’s box lunch #, # Yu Xiao Ye saved Chen Shan #, # Chen He went offline #, # Zhang Li. Among them, # Distressed Yu Xiaoye # was ranked second in the hot search list, which was hotly discussed by netizens. Tik Tok platform leads in reading short videos related to the plot, and topics such as # Feeling distressed and staying up late # have been listed on the hot list of Tik Tok for many times.

With the continuous fermentation of online hot discussion, the audience highly praised the refined food production, story rhythm, characterization and other aspects shown in "The Deep Sea of Spy Wars". Exquisite style of the Republic of China, compact narrative rhythm, and actors full of texture and level of acting skills have won unanimous praise from professional film critics in the industry, and also gained a good reputation from the audience. KOL, a senior head and well-known media, deeply analyzed the communication value, production ideas, drama ideas, social values, industry orientation, etc. of "The Deep Sea of Spy Wars" from the perspectives of the breaking and standing of the theme, the innovative setting of the content of "Alternating Life" and the bright performance of young actors, and spread the core quality of the drama for the public. The article "Media Internal Reference" and "Decreasing the quantity and improving the quality is the key" mentioned that "The Scare of the Deep Sea of the Spy War" did not cater to the market blindly, but actually considered that "the content and quality catered to the audience’s preferences, and paid attention to the new space, rhythm setting and non-faceless creation of characters, etc., which became the first breakthrough for the producers in the process of creating a successful spy war drama." As a result, once the drama was broadcast, it gained a win-win situation of word-of-mouth and popularity. "Eagle Eye" of TV series analyzes that "the drama shows the great moment of the national crisis, and everyone is doing their best to protect the country and defend the country" from the aspects of the main characters in the final week of "The Scare of the Spy Wars in the Deep Sea", and "the delicate depiction of each character’s mental journey and growth process makes the role more three-dimensional".It also drives the audience to deeply understand the ideals and pursuits of people with lofty ideals in the war years.

"Sir Movie" praised the fast-paced and rigorous logic revealed at the beginning of "Spy Wars", saying that in the first and second episodes, "the director completed the heartbeat bombing of the audience with narrative without firing a shot." And use "spy, because of dislocation and brilliant; War, thrilling because of balance "spoke highly of the drama tension of the drama series." The "film and television monologue" published a document describing that "The Scare of the Spy War in the Deep Sea" truly combines the unique "detective-style" intrigue with the "national justice" choice. According to the article, "Surprise" reveals the tactics of the spy war world and the crisis of spy work ",and also thoroughly analyzes the" patriotic feelings flowing between real human nature "carried behind no vivid characters.

The emotional core of the drama series, such as caring for the country’s righteousness and paying tribute to the unsung heroes in the bonfire era, has been recognized and praised by many mainstream media in China. People’s Daily said: "Both Chen Shan and Zhang Li have their own beliefs and persistence. At the critical moment of national survival, they are willing to use themselves as kindling to ignite the bonfire of national awakening and rejuvenation. The love, affection, faith and national righteousness of the people in the play are intertwined, and together they have built a real and difficult historical process, which makes the audience unforgettable and forge ahead. "

Chen Shan Yuan Man completed the task and went to Yan ‘an to win the dawn with Yu Xiaoxie.

In last night’s finale, Chen Shan successfully intercepted the task of delivering the distribution map of the Japanese Chongqing Arsenal to the traitor of Juntong, and he embarked on the road of ending hatred by himself. Araki finally tasted the consequences and died in the explosion buried under the strings. Chen Shan thus destroyed the enemy’s plan to control aggression again. Afterwards, he accepted the arrangement of the Party organization and went to Yan ‘an, the revolutionary base, and met Yu Xiaoye. They smiled at each other and hoped for the day of victory … Once the ending was broadcast, netizens also had a heated discussion. "War is cruel and revolution is difficult. Chen Shan lost his closest relatives and friends, but at the cost, he gained more lives. Pain and suffering not only made him radiate the brilliance of human nature, but also made him understand the power of revolution and belief. He finally went to Yan’ an. Fortunately, in the days to come, there will be Yu Xiaoye, a relative. They smiled at each other and must have seen a more hopeful dawn of victory. "

"The Scare of the Deep Sea" was produced by Qiancheng Film and Television Co., Ltd. and Xinli TV Culture Investment Co., Ltd., and was adapted from the novel of the same name by Hai Fei, the winner of the People’s Literature Award and a gold screenwriter. It was written by Sun Hao, starring Ruoyun Zhang, Angel, Sean and Adi, starring Wang Longzheng, and co-starring Calvin, Li Qiang, Gao Shuguang, Wang Wanjuan, Luo Qiuyun and Ji Li.

Entering the European market, China brand new energy vehicles have become the "new force" at the auto show

  CCTV News:The 2023 Munich International Auto Show was held from September 5 to 10, local time. During the six-day exhibition, leading industry representatives from micro-mobile, bicycles, automobiles, suppliers and technologies focused on displaying the latest automotive technology and intelligent travel solutions. It is noteworthy that at this auto show, some familiar China auto companies, such as BYD, Sailis and Xpeng Motors, have become the "new force" at the auto show. China car companies are no longer just showing, participating and learning, but clearly sending a signal to enter the European market.

  As one of the most influential and largest auto shows in Europe and even the world, the 2023 Munich International Auto Show shows us a series of major changes that are taking place in the automobile industry.

  General Station reporter Ruan Jiawen:This year, the proportion of foreign exhibitors increased by 17% compared with the previous session, reaching 50%. Among them, the number of exhibitors in China has more than doubled compared with the previous year, making it the country with the largest number of exhibitors except the German host.

  Everyone is paying attention to "China automobile enterprises go out to sea collectively". At the Munich Auto Show, which is known as the "Olympic Games" of the world automobile industry, what changes are taking place in the role of China automobile enterprises in this auto show when the exhibition front of China brand new energy vehicles is full of spectators?

  From the outside world, "cost advantage" is an important competitiveness of China’s automobile export to Europe. According to the data of Jato Dynamics, in the first half of 2022, the average cost of brand electric vehicles in China was less than 32,000 euros, while the average cost in Europe was about 56,000 euros. It is worth noting that the cost advantage of China automobile enterprises no longer only comes from the factor cost of production, but also the vertical integration ability, R&D and technology are important reasons for China automobile enterprises to gain the cost advantage.

  You Ergen M, Managing Director of German Automobile Industry Association:In recent years, we have deeply felt the strong development and innovation vitality of China’s automobile industry, so we are very happy that not only German enterprises are active in China, but also China cars can often be seen on the roads in Germany and even Europe.

  Before the opening of the auto show, Luca de Mayo, CEO of Renault, told local media that China’s electric vehicle manufacturers were obviously more competitive in the new value chain. He admits that this advantage is a whole generation ahead of Renault cars. On September 4, German Chancellor Schulz also said at the opening ceremony of this auto show that "competition should inspire us, not scare us." In the face of competition from emerging markets such as China, Schultz said that in the past few decades, the German automobile industry has been subject to competition from Japan and South Korea respectively; Nowadays, electric vehicles from China will also provide "innovative driving force" for German car companies.

Che Baoluo, a Hong Kong actor, frequently makes hot searches. Please remember these licorice actors!


Special feature of 1905 film network "In Hong Kong, there are a group of actors called licorice actors.They will always be the back and side (supporting roles) in their lives.Because we are willing to be green leaves, we are called licorice actors. "Recently, the actor’s interpretation of "licorice actor" has been searched hot.



He has been in the business for 42 years, with more than 70 works and numerous classic supporting roles.But it seems that until today, the audience really got to know this lovely 63-year-old "little old man".


Che Baoluo frequently boarded hot search.


There are many "licorice actors" like Che Baoluo who are willing to be green leaves and achieve their roles.Today, let us get to know them again. The "ordinary" life of the supporting role is equally wonderful!


Paul Che

"If there are still people who need it at the age of 80, I am absolutely willing to serve."


"I have made more than 70 plays, some with names and some without names.""But the quality of an actor is that every play and every announcement must be completed in a professional spirit."It is this humble, elegant and particularly serious attitude that makes Che Baoluo numerous.



After 42 years in the business, Che Baoluo has left many memorable roles with his special appearance.The most popular works are "famous works".Jordan chaneditionThe Duke Of Mount DeerFat Buddhist monk in the middle school.Growing up with countless audiences is still talked about by people.



In the "golden age" of Hong Kong’s film and television circle, Che Baoluo also made numerous films.existMiracle, Death JudgeIn big movies, they all had guest roles.



However, how can I expect that things change, and after the climax, it is lonely.In 2003, the TV station offered him a renewal basic salary of only HK$ 2,000 per year.In order to make a living, he has received relief money and worked as a security guard, carrier and other handyman.At the most difficult time, even the mother’s funeral expenses could not be raised.Che Baoluo, who was in the trough, once sincerely lamented: It’s hard to climb to heaven, and it’s even harder to ask for help!



Nowadays, Che Baoluo’s job is to supervise the market, except occasionally taking on plays.It is his daily work to solve the problems of water, electricity and drainage, divert traffic and help the neighborhood.



Che Baoluo loves acting, and he also accepts that it is true to return to life.Just like his promise to the audience in front of the camera: "If you still need me at the age of 70 or 80, I am absolutely willing to serve."


In 2019, Che Baoluo starred in a short film.The old man and the dog


Wenbiao Huang

"I want to be an actor, not a star"


"If Brother Xiang is useful to Tengmou, Tengmou is willing to render his services."Many people know Huang Wenbiao through.Teng Yi, Xiang Shaolong’s sworn brother.


Huang Wenbiao is found in both the drama version and the film version of Qin Xun Ji.


He is also known as "Tai Tai Royal Bad Boy" because he is good at playing all kinds of "traitors" such as bullies, creditors and kidnappers.For example, Tianqi with a ponytail and earrings in "Sniper by School Police";The big ear hole in "Clean Government Action";The white-headed tiger in The Apostle 2 has left a deep impression on the audience.


Sniper by the school police


Huang Wenbiao paid no attention to the stereotype of "specialized debt collectors"."Hundreds of artists, it’s good to be the first to find a debt collector and the second to think of me."He said he didn’t envy the main characters. They may earn a lot of money, but it’s hard to do it all their lives.Just to be a supporting role in the third and fourth lines, there will always be a play, and it can be played all the time.



Returning to life, another important identity of Huang Wenbiao is an ordinary fisherman, who helps with transportation in a friend’s fish stall.It is not shameful for actors to sell fish part-time. "If you have hands and feet in Hong Kong, just do it."



For Huang Wenbiao, the happiest moment was when the audience recognized him and said: I like your play."I’m notgorgeousyoung manDon’t mind being a supporting role. I am an actor, not a star. "



"The joy of performing can’t be bought with money."


"I am’ Mai Bao’ Changqing Mai, and you can also call me Extraordinary Brother."Changqing Mai, 54, is used to introducing herself like this.The "extraordinary brother" he portrayed in "The Heroic Love of a Woman" won him the best supporting actor.In the internet age, this role has once again become popular and become a hot second-generation material.



In addition, Changqing Mai’s representative roles include the sand monk in The Journey to the West, You Tanzhi in Dragon’s Eight Branches, Zhao Junhao in Love with Thieves, and so on.



He has appeared in nearly 100 plays, and there are many classic works. However, Changqing Mai said frankly: In Hongkong, it is difficult to support a family by acting alone."Many older actors have to work several jobs to stick to this line."



For the sake of family livelihood, Changqing Mai once moved furniture, made publicity and opened a restaurant.During the epidemic, business was sluggish, and he personally delivered takeout.



In Changqing Mai’s view, life should go on, and acting dreams should also be adhered to."I really enjoyed playing an excellent role, and that feeling can’t be bought with money. That sense of accomplishment is something that another industry can’t give you. "



"It is this drama addiction that has made me do it for decades."


In 2014, 68-year-old Liu Jiang won the TVB Starlight Achievement Award.Honored guestAndy LauKindly call him "Lao Dou" (Dad), and their cooperation dates back to the 1982 TV series.Falcon.


Andy Lau introduced Liu Jiang as follows: In the past 30 years, Mr. Liu Jiang has made more than 100 dramas for TVB.



Many mainland audiences may not remember Liu Jiang’s name, but they will always remember his wonderful performance in a Jin Yong play.In his 56 years as an artist, Liu Jiang has appeared in Jin Yong’s dramas for 17 times, which is the only Hong Kong drama bone that has performed Jin Yong’s martial arts.



In the 83rd edition of Legend of the Condor Heroes, he is the ambitious Yan Hong Honglie;96 editionthe legendary swordsmanIn the middle, he is Xiang Wentian, who is known as the "Heavenly King Lao Zi";In the 97th edition of Dragon and Eight Branches, he became the abbot of Xuan Ci.There is also the 84 th edition of "Swordsman"rivers and lakesThe wind is clear; In the 94 th edition of The CondorironwoodReally, Prince Kang in the 98 version of The Duke Of Mount Deer. …


Liu Jiang plays Temujin in the 94th edition of The Condor.


The treatment of "licorice actors" in Hong Kong entertainment industry is not high, and Liu Jiang once bluntly said:"I enjoy acting myself, but it’s hard to eat."



In order to support his son’s high tuition, Liu Jiang had to work around the clock.Shooting on TV during the day and dubbing part-time at night, there is almost no time to sleep.But like other actors, Liu Jiang never complained."It’s hard, but I also feel lucky. As long as you are willing to do it, you will have something to do without sleeping."



Today, 76-year-old Liu Jiang is still active in the front line. In 2020, he was nominated for the best supporting actor with the Golden Jubilee Building.


For him, acting is a "play addiction"."When I play the role, that kind of enjoyment will make me smile when I look back.""People think I’m crazy, but it’s this feeling, like being addicted, that has kept me doing it for decades."



The above mentioned ones are just the epitome of countless "licorice actors" hidden behind the characters.They are willing to be green leaves and achieve their roles, but they often get a meager salary, and it is difficult to make a living by acting alone.


I once lamented in an interview that licorice actors are always the one who is ignored on the set, and the last scene that stays up all night is often left to the oldest actors, which is unfair.



In traditional Chinese medicine, "licorice" is mostly a drug introduction, not the protagonist, but it is indispensable.


The same is true of "licorice actors". They have no superstar in front of the curtain and no star aura behind the scenes, but they really shape every role with their heart.


So, please try to remember their names. These licorice actors who play seriously and live hard deserve more respect from the industry and us.


The national standard series of conductive charging connection devices for electric vehicles passed the examination.

CCTV News:The website of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology reported on September 26 that on September 25, the standard review meeting of the Electric Vehicle Sub-technical Committee of the National Automobile Standardization Technical Committee was held in an online and offline way. More than 90 members, observers and experts from the standard drafting unit attended the meeting. The meeting reviewed and adopted two national standards, GB/T 20234.1 "Connecting devices for conducting charging of electric vehicles Part 1: General requirements" and GB/T 20234.3 "Connecting devices for conducting charging of electric vehicles Part 3: DC charging interface".

Charging standard is the basis to ensure the interconnection between electric vehicles and charging facilities and the safe and reliable charging. At present, with the increase of driving range of electric vehicles and the increase of charging rate of power batteries, consumers’ demand for quick replenishment of electric energy for vehicles is increasingly strong, and new technologies and formats such as "high-power DC charging" and "V2G (vehicle-network interaction)" are constantly emerging. It has become a general consensus in the industry to speed up the revision and improvement of the current charging interface standards. Based on the current technical scheme of DC charging interface in China, the two standards have improved the rating of charging voltage and current, increased the technical requirements of high-power charging related functions such as active cooling and temperature monitoring, and optimized and improved the test methods of mechanical performance, locking device and service life. This revision will further enhance the environmental adaptability, safety and reliability of conductive charging connection devices, effectively meet the development of high-power charging technology and market demand, ensure the universal compatibility of new and old charging interfaces, and create a good environment for the high-quality development of new energy automobile industry and charging facilities industry.