Nine spy war dramas, each one is better than the other, and the agents are preparing for into the pit.

Original title: 9 spy war dramas, one is better than the other, and the agents are preparing for into the pit.

Recently, domestic dramas have set off an upsurge of spy war, which has made the stage of spy war, which has been silent for a long time, hot up instantly.

So far this year, nine spy war dramas have been broadcast. Agents who like spy war should prepare for into the pit!

1. Secret Service Mission

Director: Zhao Baogang

Starring: Han Geng/Daxun Wei/Li Yitong/Zhou Fang/Claudia/Yang Shining/Wang Yang/zhuyuchen.

Introduction: The drama tells the story of national security personnel cracking down on illegal forces abroad and maintaining local security through the game "Special Agent Mission".

Fiction and fact, with a lot of bourne ultimatum and a mysterious identity, is he an enemy or a friend?

See Han Geng join hands with Daxun Wei and Li Yitong to start an anti-espionage operation …

"Secret Service" is a TV series that integrates suspense, crime, spy war and love. It takes games as the starting point to show the secret war of contemporary national security personnel in the new environment, and also discusses the boundaries and conflicts between games and reality, truth and lies, justice and evil.

2. Enemy of Destiny

Director: SuMoCong

Starring: Gao Zhiting/Wilson/Sebrina/Zhang Yue/Zhao Bin/Wang Haiping/Wang Ce/Xueming Jiang/Meng Asai/Geng Yeting/Fan Yize.

Introduction: The play tells the story of Chen Kehai and Fang Li, two former classmates, who defended their enthusiasm in order to complete the task.

Is it an enemy or a friend when the old classmates meet again?

They hid in the crowd and defended hot pillow with a special mission.

Enemy of Destiny depicts two young people who share the same ideals and feelings, and they have embarked on the opposite road in the torrent of war and politics, and finally reached the end of the ending. The play not only shows the cruelty and togetherness in War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression’s period, but also shows the complexity and multifaceted nature of human nature.

3, "The Eve"

Director: Zhang Jiuyuan

Starring: Oho Ou/Zhang Huiwen/Zhao Zhiwei/Shi Shi/Ren Youlun/Wang Yizhe/Arya.

Introduction: Based on the three new historical eve before the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the play tells the story of Lin Xi, Su Nan and other warm-blooded young people with different identities, adhering to the ideal and belief of serving the country and joining the revolutionary journey.

A key is in danger, and many forces compete for infighting. Who can finally usher in the dawn?

Go to the eve with Oho Ou, Zhang Huiwen, Zhao Zhiwei, Shi Shite, Ren Youlun, Wang Yizhe, and Arya, and walk by the light!

The play "Eve" focuses on young people learning the spirit of patriotism, and through several young people with different positions, it shows the awakening process of protecting the country and defending the country at the critical moment of national crisis. At the same time, it also shows the heroism and firmness of the revolutionaries, and makes people feel their selflessness and dedication. If you are interested in history and people’s stories, then this drama will not let you down.

4. "Beehive"

Director: Zhou Yuanzhou

Starring: Han Dong/Yi Song/Yao Gang/Wan Nien/Yu Xiaolei/Laixi.

Brief introduction: The play tells the story of Luo Xingming leading Gu Pan to pursue justice and resolutely join the revolutionary cause for the sake of the local and ethnic groups in Shanghai, where the undercurrent was surging and the multinational forces were glued together in the 20th century.

Spy sea crisis, walking on thin ice, looking for light to move forward, just for the faith in my heart!

Break with Han Dong, Yi Song, Yao Gang and Fan Xing!

Honeycomb shows the persistence and struggle of a group of revolutionaries in the dark ages through the perspective of agents, and expresses their love for the place and revolutionary spirit. The plot in the play is compact and ups and downs, the characters have distinct personality images, and the actors’ performances are exquisite and full of devotion. This is not only an excellent spy war drama, but also an educational and enlightening patriotic film.

5. "Stalker"

Director: Gao Han

Starring: Huang Xiaoming/Rulu/Xiaoliang Wu/Wan Qian/WangZhifei

Brief introduction: The play is set in Shanghai in 1941, and tells the story of Fang Jiashu lurking at No.76, who is surrounded by many forces such as No.76, foreigners, military junta and so on, in order to obtain information for the organization.

Fang Jiashu, a "mission impossible" "three-faced" sleeper, kept the balance of contact with all her strength in the undercurrent, and worked rigorously in the task until the arrival of Tao Yuling, a child bride who had been away for ten years, and her two "children", the balance that Fang Jiashu tried to maintain was instantly broken …

As a drama of the Republic of China, The Stalker not only has traditional elements such as lawlessness, tool warfare and stealing intelligence, but also adds emotional elements such as affection, friendship and love, as well as plot elements such as trust, betrayal and sacrifice. By telling an unknown hero on a hidden front, the play shows the fragments that may not be known in the difficult history, and also leads all the audience to feel the indomitable spirit and firm belief of the revolutionary martyrs.

6. "Happy Face"

Director: Xu Bing

Starring: Dong Zijian/Zhang Yi/Tong Liya/Edward Zhang/Liao Fan/Tian Yu

Brief introduction: The play tells the story of Xu Tian, a young man from Nanyang, who went north with a mission to support the revolutionary cause and met many bloody and respectable people. On the way forward, Xu Tian took off his youth and combined his ideal with his will.

A "wandering" caused by a wallet and countless "encounters" caused by three gold bars.

When shouldering the mission, life has also found its direction. Everyone you meet on the road is a different scenery. Rich second generation in Nanyang, native of western Fujian, loyal bodyguard, explosives expert …

"Happy Face" brings together many top actors such as Dong Zijian, Zhang Yi, Edward Zhang, Liao Fan, Tong Liya, Tian Yu, Xiaoliang Wu, etc. The drama presents the growth and transformation of the protagonist Xu Tian along the way through the plot of relay gold protection, and delicately outlines ordinary and great characters, expressing the persistence of the little people’s inner beliefs and bringing a unique picture scroll. This is a good play worth watching!

7. Thin Ice

Director: Jin Chen

Starring: Peng Guanying/Yukee Chen’/Fu Dalong/Kido/Chen Xiaoyun/Wang Jinsong/wuyue/Angel.

Introduction: The drama tells the story of Chen Qian, the ace agent of the military code named "Lu Bu", who broke the shocking plot of the new Japanese army, disguised himself as a foreign special envoy, went deep into the enemy camp, and successfully defeated the Japanese conspiracy together with Chinese Communist agents.

In order to stop the invaders’ sinister plans, Chen Qian, the ace agent of the military junta, went deep into the enemy camp twice and made thrilling mediation in a dangerous situation, treading on thin ice. With the help of the Communist party member Chunyang, he saved the day many times and gradually strengthened his belief in communism.

The characters in Thin Ice are all vivid, especially under the interpretation of several old opera bones, full of story sense. The collective success of the female characters in the play is even more worthy of praise. In particular, the roles of wuyue and Angel are worth looking forward to.

8. "Seamless"

Director: Qidao

Starring: Jin Dong/Claudia/Zhang Zhijian/Qidao/SiNi/Wang Zhiwen/Ziquan Wang/Shi Wenzhong/Cao Lei/Miracle/Li Yuan/Haitian/Tan Kai/Zhang Youlin.

Brief introduction: The play tells the story of a game of life and injury between communist party people and the hostile forces on the eve of foreign surrender in 1944, which is full of courage and wisdom.

Spy sea stealth, everyone’s identity is shrouded in layers of fog …

See Jin Dong join hands with Claudia, Wang Zhiwen and Zhang Zhijian to find hope in the torrent of years and stick to faith in the game collision.

The play "Never Close" brings together a group of actors with superb acting skills. Through their wonderful performances, it shows the courage and wisdom of the agents in the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression period, and also shows the new role of communist party in War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression. The protagonist Lu Feng is not only a heroic agent, but also a loyal patriot. His story is not only the story of one person, but also the epitome of an era.

9. Butterfly Shadow

Director: Lixing Wang/Zhang Jian

Starring: Feng Yue/Daxun Wei/Ziming He/Li Zhuolin/Wu Chengxuan/Siyang Ren/Lin Xuesong/Chen Weihan/Ray.

Brief introduction: The play tells the story of Lin Qiuyan, a young woman in the occupied area, who joined communist party to break the "counterfeit money" plan of the new Japanese army and grew up to be a proletarian revolutionary soldier.

Lin Qiuyan had a happy family.

However, because the treasure of the family, "Qin Qin Tu", was targeted by the Japanese army, it led to the destruction of the family.

Fortunately, Lin Qiuyan escaped from this plot. In order to get revenge, she joined the military special agent, code-named "Grey Goose".

"Butterfly Shadow" shows the audience the bloody youth in the spy war. The story is compact, and the plot catches people. Although it is a spy war drama, there are many details and emotional expressions, and profound plot planning makes people unable to extricate themselves from it. Especially, Li Zhuolin, the actress Lin Qiuyan, plays the role of Qiuyan in the play, which is very realistic and fascinating.

(All pictures are from online infringement deletion)

Editor in charge:

The national six b emission standards will be fully implemented, and what changes will the automobile industry welcome?

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 23rd Question: the national six b emission standards will be fully implemented, and what changes will the automobile industry welcome?

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Zhang Xinxin, Yan Fujing, Gao Kang

  The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other departments recently jointly issued an announcement. From July 1, 2023, the national sixth emission standard 6b stage will be fully implemented, and it is forbidden to produce, import and sell cars that do not meet the national sixth emission standard 6b stage.

  The "boots" of the emission standard policy have been put on the ground, accelerating the automobile industry to enter a new stage of green development. What changes will the full implementation of National Six B bring to the automobile market? Will the fuel vehicle market usher in a "price reduction tide"? Will it accelerate the promotion of new energy vehicles?

  The car market share of "National Sixth B" exceeds 90%, and the industry has entered a new stage.

  "National Six Standards" is a standard for preventing and controlling motor vehicle pollution emissions and improving ambient air quality. The "National Six Standards" for light vehicles set two emission limit schemes, National Six A and National Six B, which were implemented in 2020 and 2023 respectively.

  National Sixth B is about to be fully implemented, but the preparation of the market and industry is not limited to the present.

  "Since ‘ National Six Standard ’ Since its release, most enterprises have directly carried out product research and development and production in accordance with the requirements of the National Six B standard. The industry is equivalent to implementing the National Six B standard in advance, and the National Six B vehicles occupy a major market share. " The relevant person in charge of China Automobile Industry Association said that many models have already completed the transformation of National Six B, and there is no technical difficulty from the perspective of enterprise production. It is understood that since the implementation of the standard, the proportion of light-duty vehicles in the national six B vehicles has exceeded 95%, and the market share of the national six B vehicles has exceeded 90%.

  Guangzhou Automobile Group said that all its fuel vehicles have been switched to the National Six B standard; Changan Automobile also shows that there is no pressure for the arrival of National Sixth B, and the newly launched Yida is in line with the National Sixth B standard … … Facing the implementation of standards, manufacturers are ready.

  The reporter interviewed a number of industry experts and said that from the perspective of the new car market, the implementation of the National Sixth B will not have much impact on the auto market. The National Sixth B Standard has been promoted in advance in first-tier cities such as Beijing and Shanghai, and the implementation of the new regulations has little impact on the automobile market in these cities. In other cities that haven’t implemented the national six-B standard, if there are relatively many vehicles in stock in the national six-A, there will be a certain price drop in the short term, but this will be experienced in all previous emission standard switches. The development trend of green and low carbon in automobile industry itself is the embodiment of market demand, which will also accelerate the transformation of automobile enterprises and industries.

  Half-year sales transition period, to promote the smooth continuation of the market.

  The release of the national six emission standards has given the market a long adjustment window. Implementing standards in advance in key areas is conducive to alleviating the industry pressure when the policy is formally implemented.

  At the same time, the announcement made it clear that for some light-duty vehicle models such as National Six B, which were reported as "monitoring only" in the actual driving pollutant emission test (RDE test), a half-year sales transition period was given and sales were allowed until December 31, 2023. This move is also to enable manufacturers and distributors to rationally plan the layout and complete the product switching and sales as soon as possible.

  The reporter learned from China Automobile Industry Association that China Automobile Association has established an inventory scheduling mechanism with the top ten automobile groups and other member units to organize and schedule industry inventory data on a monthly basis. By the end of January 2023, there were more than 1.89 million vehicles in stock that did not meet RDE requirements.

  The person in charge of China Automobile Industry Association believes that the current inventory pressure is caused by objective factors. Among them, there are some factors such as "demand contraction, supply shock, expected weakening" and other factors such as the poor performance of the automobile market, and it takes some time for product production to switch, and new energy vehicles accelerate the replacement of traditional fuel vehicles. After months of promotion, the inventory has fallen sharply.

  "The policy gives a half-year sales transition period, which is conducive to stabilizing the mentality of dealers and enterprises, orderly destocking, and helping the car market to make a smooth transition." Cui Dongshu, secretary general of the National Passenger Car Market Information Association, said.

  Accelerate the guidance of green intelligence and promote industrial iterative upgrading.

  The industry believes that the full implementation of the national six B emission standards has a positive role in promoting the iterative upgrading of the fuel vehicle market and the new energy vehicle market.

  Recently, the the State Council executive meeting deployed to speed up the construction of charging infrastructure. The National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration issued the "Implementation Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of Charging Infrastructure to Better Support the Rural and Rural Revitalization of New Energy Vehicles". A series of policies to encourage automobile consumption, especially to support the consumption of new energy vehicles, have been introduced to accelerate the upgrading of the industry to green and intelligent.

  With industrial orientation and policy support, car companies have accelerated their layout, and the market is constantly exploring model innovation: Chery recently announced preferential measures for going to the countryside, and its "QQ Ice Cream" went to the countryside to launch 1000 yuan/Taiwan car purchase subsidies; Charging service providers can promote the penetration of business in rural areas, forming a charging service network covering 55,000 stations and 575,000 charging guns nationwide; Hangzhou Longyuan Electric Power Co., Ltd. and related units jointly worked out the optimal power supply scheme of charging station, and monitored the working state of charging pile and charging protection system in real time through digital technology & HELIP; …

  The proportion of freight new energy vehicles is constantly increasing, and the market promotion of new energy vehicles is accelerated. Take Lala as an example. In October last year, the proportion of new energy truck drivers on the platform reached 25%. According to the prospectus of Cargo Lala, by the end of last year, Cargo Lala had over 35,000 electric vehicle charging stations in over 270 cities in China.

  "Industrial upgrading is the general trend." Xu Haidong, deputy chief engineer of China Automobile Industry Association, believes that both the implementation of emission standards and the promotion of consumption policies will further promote the green transformation of the entire automobile industry and accelerate the popularization and application of new energy vehicles. The next step is to do a good job in policy implementation and continuously improve the overall competitiveness and development quality of the automobile industry.

Ten spy war dramas with zero bad reviews are suspenseful and brain-burning, and the last one is seriously underestimated.

Original title: 10 spy war dramas with zero bad reviews, suspense and brain-burning, and the last one was seriously underestimated.

Among many types of TV dramas, spy war dramas always attract a large number of loyal audiences with their unique suspense and intellectual competition. This type of drama not only tells the tense and challenging information wars in history, but also deeply discusses the complexity and diversity of human nature. In this article, we selected 10 spy war dramas with excellent reputation, which presented a wonderful intellectual contest for the audience with compact plots, rich characterization and profound theme thinking. However, the underestimation of the last drama may be its uniqueness, which is worth savoring by every audience.

1. "Kite" and "Kite" make people feel a little struggling in the first half: the plot unfolds slowly, the dialogue lacks characteristics, frequent memories distract people, and the behavior of the protagonist Jiang Xin is puzzling, and Han Bing’s tone is also difficult to adapt to. However, with the development of the plot, especially after Zheng Yaoxian and Han Bing were sent to the reform-through-labour farm, the plot gradually deepened, showing the profound influence of the background of the times on individual destiny. The lines become more grounded, and the plot is driven by events rather than lengthy dialogues. When the plot developed to Zheng Yaoxian walking alone on the road, it was already old, and the audience was involuntarily moved.

2. Cliff and Cliff are generally well-made works, with frequent plot twists and turns, and occasional interludes add interest to the plot, but there are also many logical loopholes in the play. For example, the protagonist’s ex-wife once lived in her home as a cousin, but she was completely forgotten in the encounter after many years, which is quite far-fetched. In addition, the important witness clues in the play were suddenly put forward without follow-up, which made the process of solving the case seem a little regrettable.

3. With its unique narrative style, The Assassination tells a series of gripping spy war stories. This drama is not limited to traditional espionage, but also explores the truth of human nature and history in a deeper level. Surprisingly, in addition to the intense spy war plot, the play also contains a profound analysis of the good and evil of human nature, which constitutes the unique charm of the play.

4. Before Dawn and Before Dawn present an interesting and thought-provoking masterpiece for the audience with its solid plot, correct values and smooth logic. Although there are many descriptions of bitterness and suffering in the play, its true service approach to life, the actors’ online acting skills and clear and smooth dialogue have made this play a favorite of many viewers. Thank you to all the staff in the front and back stage of the crew for bringing us such a TV series full of human care and artistic appeal.

5. As a classic spy war drama, Latency profoundly depicts the power of faith and the brilliance of human nature. The emotional interweaving between Yu Zecheng and Zuo Lan, Zuo Lan’s sacrifice and Yu Zecheng’s choice at a major historical moment all show the inner struggle and persistence of the characters. There are not only tense plots in the play, but also delicate descriptions of characters’ emotions, especially the love line between Yu Zecheng and Cui Ping, which shows profound human concern.

6. "Red" and "Red" describe the story of Xu Tian’s efforts to protect his family and loved ones in turbulent times. Although he only wanted to live an ordinary life, he was unfortunately involved in a series of complicated events. As a strong woman in the play, Tian Dan protects herself with her calmness and wisdom. The performance of those annoying Japanese characters in the play and the wonderful interpretation of the role of Jin Ye all add a lot of color to the plot. Some philosophical dialogues in the play are also a major feature of the play.

7. The plot arrangement in "Mask" and "Mask" is a little far-fetched, and the characters around the hero always seem to die strangely in an unreasonable way, which makes the plot seem unnatural. Sudden plot twists, such as the just sheriff unexpectedly becoming a hidden spy, and the sudden change of other roles, make people feel a little abrupt. Love clues are also difficult to put into. On the whole, the rationality of the plot needs to be strengthened.

8. The plot of "Never Gone Radio Wave" and "Never Gone Radio Wave" is divided into several obvious chapters, but the characterization of some characters, how to Lanfen, is not successful, which makes the story appear stiff in some places. If there were more characters like Ye Xingcheng in the play, the story would be more exciting. The heroism in the play is too strong, sometimes it seems too idealistic and not close to reality.

9. "Secret and Great" and "Secret and Great" show how to properly use idol actors in spy war dramas with their compact plots and proper use of actors. In the play, complex inner drama and emotional drama are given to competent actors, but idol actors are not forced to go beyond their acting scope. This kind of director’s wise choice and sense of responsibility ensures the quality of the drama, and at the same time shows the audience a commercial and in-depth work.

10. "No regrets" and "No regrets" are different in style, giving people a feeling that they are not quite made in mainland China. There are some similarities with Kite, especially in the grounding of lines, which successfully reflects the real life of the people at that time. Such a dialogue full of life has become rare in the current drama series. This drama is not only an entertainment work, but also an important channel for understanding history and self-reflection. It aroused people’s nostalgia and interest in TV dramas in the 1990s.

Through the review of these 10 spy war dramas, it is not difficult to find that whether it is the tense plot arrangement, the profound characterization or the true restoration of the historical background, these works show the unique charm of this type of spy war drama. They are not only a tribute to history, but also a profound discussion of human nature, beliefs and ideals. The underestimated drama series may not be widely recognized because of its unique expression and profound connotation. But just like the real spy war, the truth is often hidden under the surface, waiting for the audience to dig and discover. I hope these works can stimulate more discussion and thinking, and let us have a deeper understanding of this complex and fascinating world.

Editor in charge:

Entering the European market, China brand new energy vehicles have become the "new force" at the auto show

  CCTV News:The 2023 Munich International Auto Show was held from September 5 to 10, local time. During the six-day exhibition, leading industry representatives from micro-mobile, bicycles, automobiles, suppliers and technologies focused on displaying the latest automotive technology and intelligent travel solutions. It is noteworthy that at this auto show, some familiar China auto companies, such as BYD, Sailis and Xpeng Motors, have become the "new force" at the auto show. China car companies are no longer just showing, participating and learning, but clearly sending a signal to enter the European market.

  As one of the most influential and largest auto shows in Europe and even the world, the 2023 Munich International Auto Show shows us a series of major changes that are taking place in the automobile industry.

  General Station reporter Ruan Jiawen:This year, the proportion of foreign exhibitors increased by 17% compared with the previous session, reaching 50%. Among them, the number of exhibitors in China has more than doubled compared with the previous year, making it the country with the largest number of exhibitors except the German host.

  Everyone is paying attention to "China automobile enterprises go out to sea collectively". At the Munich Auto Show, which is known as the "Olympic Games" of the world automobile industry, what changes are taking place in the role of China automobile enterprises in this auto show when the exhibition front of China brand new energy vehicles is full of spectators?

  From the outside world, "cost advantage" is an important competitiveness of China’s automobile export to Europe. According to the data of Jato Dynamics, in the first half of 2022, the average cost of brand electric vehicles in China was less than 32,000 euros, while the average cost in Europe was about 56,000 euros. It is worth noting that the cost advantage of China automobile enterprises no longer only comes from the factor cost of production, but also the vertical integration ability, R&D and technology are important reasons for China automobile enterprises to gain the cost advantage.

  You Ergen M, Managing Director of German Automobile Industry Association:In recent years, we have deeply felt the strong development and innovation vitality of China’s automobile industry, so we are very happy that not only German enterprises are active in China, but also China cars can often be seen on the roads in Germany and even Europe.

  Before the opening of the auto show, Luca de Mayo, CEO of Renault, told local media that China’s electric vehicle manufacturers were obviously more competitive in the new value chain. He admits that this advantage is a whole generation ahead of Renault cars. On September 4, German Chancellor Schulz also said at the opening ceremony of this auto show that "competition should inspire us, not scare us." In the face of competition from emerging markets such as China, Schultz said that in the past few decades, the German automobile industry has been subject to competition from Japan and South Korea respectively; Nowadays, electric vehicles from China will also provide "innovative driving force" for German car companies.

Vocational school graduates open BMW stalls to sell fruits (photos)

Three young men were driving a BMW to sell fruit. Photo reporter Duan Yigang

Three young men were driving a BMW to sell fruit. Photo reporter Duan Yigang

  Most people see people pushing tricycles or selling fruits in minivans, but in Yanji Road Market in Beichen District, there are three young men selling fruits in BMW cars. These three young men who have just left school want to get in touch with the society by learning to do business. Although they lost money after a day’s business, they still feel that they have gained a lot and decided to stick to such entrepreneurial activities.

  At about 10: 00 yesterday, a brand-new BMW car drove in the farmer’s market in Yanji Road, Beichen District. The three young men who got off the car did not go to the market center where the stalls were concentrated, but found a clearing outside the market, and then drove the car directly. I opened the trunk door of the car, and there were many cartons stacked inside. Until all the boxes were opened, fresh peaches, grapes, winter dates, pears, oranges and other fruits were exposed. After arranging these boxes full of fruits in turn, two young men stood on the side of the car and began to wait for customers, while another young man sat back in the cab and began to "catch up on sleep".

  These three young men are Xiao Liu, Xiao Yang and Xiao Chai. They are not only classmates, but also friends. All three are just 20 years old this year. They have just graduated from vocational schools and have no work experience. They don’t know what life will be like after they join the work. They don’t know whether it is easy or difficult to earn money by themselves. When they are waiting for work at home, they often discuss such problems, which are both strange and novel to the life they are about to face.

  Xiao Liu, who has been idle at home for a while, said that instead of always worrying about these problems every day and thinking idly, he might as well exercise more while he is young. Such a proposal was immediately supported by two good friends. What should I do? Several people thought for a while, thinking that fruits are on the market in large quantities this season, and the sales of fruits are amazing, so they decided to try to do some fruit trading first. A few people just do it when they think about it. Just as Xiao Liu knows a person who specializes in wholesale fruit in Admiralty Wholesale Market, he immediately got in touch with others.

  Doing business requires a principal, and those who have no work experience have to ask their parents for support. What they didn’t expect was that their parents were quite in favor of their ideas. Parents of Xiao Liu and Xiao Yang each gave them cash capital of 500 yuan money, while parents of Xiao Chai provided them with BMW cars for free use. Yesterday morning, three people who were doing business for the first time got up before dawn and went to the wholesale market. Because there is no experience in loading goods, and I don’t know what kind of fruit sells well, I have to adopt a small and comprehensive loading method, but I demand that the quality of fruit must be the best. The familiar person gave them five kinds of fruits, such as winter dates and fresh peaches, and collected 800 yuan in total.

  It’s not so easy to do business. Many stalls in the market charge 1 kg of winter jujube from 5 yuan, and those with better quality usually charge 1 kg from 10 yuan, because they don’t know what the actual price of these fruits is. Their price for winter jujube is 1 kg from 8 yuan, and other fruits are also cheaper than other stalls from 1 yuan to two yuan. Because all the people who come to visit the market are nearby residents, many people are neighbors who have watched them grow up. When they see these people asking for prices, they are still a little embarrassed to answer, just telling everyone that they are selling something.

  Compared with other vendors in the market, Xiao Liu’s business is ok. Whenever a customer asks whether the fruit is delicious, they always tell others that they can taste it before selling it. Such a loose way of buying and selling has attracted many customers at once.

  Xiao Liu’s practice did not arouse the dissatisfaction of his companions, because compared with them, Xiao Liu was the most liberal. If Xiao Yang was asked to sell these fruits, he would definitely give more. Although the sales speed was very fast, the money that finally fell into the hands was not expected to be much. More than half of the fruits in the carriage were sold, and the money in hand was only 305 yuan, and even half of the capital was not returned, not to mention the round-trip fare. It seems that the first day of entrepreneurship will definitely lose money, but Xiao Liu and others said that although they lost money, they still have to stick to it.

  For such a result, Xiao Liu and others don’t value it. They say that this is their first job, and it’s completely a kind of groping. Although they have lost money, they can make a day’s business. When they know that they should go to the market to investigate and see what kind of fruit sells best, they should buy more when they put in the goods. For example, they don’t sell any fresh peaches, so when they put in the goods again in the future, they should not wholesale fresh peaches. At the same time, we should also look at how all kinds of fruits in the market are priced, and we should also calculate our own costs and price the fruits according to our own costs.

  Xiao Liu lost money in their business, and the parents didn’t blame them at all. One parent told reporters that compared with other children, they can do this, which means that they are different from other children, indicating that they have their own ideas in their hearts, and they are not the kind of children who loaf around all day. No matter how much they lose in their business, they have gained experience after all, knowing that doing business can’t rely solely on enthusiasm, but also needs to understand the whole industry before they can start. They can improve on the first day’s failure experience, and believe that the business will get better and better in the future.

  Come out bravely and look for opportunities independently

  Ms. Ping Li, who studies youth employment and entrepreneurship, thinks that what Xiao Liu did was nothing more than using some resources in their own homes, such as BMW cars, which seems to be somewhat inconsistent with their status, but it is also their cleverness, which at least reduces the cost. Young people who have just come out of school can bravely come out to start a business, which means more than whether this business is a loss or a profit. This shows that these three young people have a sense of pioneering and independence, and they can take the initiative to find opportunities to make up for their own shortcomings through study or practice. Finally, Ms. Li optimistically predicted that if Xiao Liu and others persisted, the fruit business would definitely make money.

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Editor: Fan Jing

Ten tips on the Spring Festival: Why is the Spring Festival also called Xinzheng and Yuanri?

  BEIJING, Beijing, January 22 (Reporter Shangguan Yun) "The sound of firecrackers is one year old, and the spring breeze warms Tu Su." Another Spring Festival is coming, and people greet the long-awaited Lunar New Year with rich and varied festival customs.

  Meng Lingfa, an associate professor at the School of Law and Sociology in chongqing technology and business university, mentioned in an exclusive interview with that the Spring Festival reflects the exchange between the old and the new in natural time and space, and has a beautiful meaning of getting rid of the old, praying for the good fortune, feeling grateful and reuniting the family.

  In fact, no matter how the customs change, the Spring Festival is always a reunion festival valued by China people, and it also reflects the profoundness and long history of Chinese excellent traditional culture from all aspects.

  1. What is the meaning of the Spring Festival?

  Spring Festival is one of the most important traditional festivals in China. As the saying goes, "one hundred years is the first" and "four seasons spring is the first", which reflects the exchange of old and new natural time and space.

  Therefore, as a title of "Year", the Spring Festival has a beautiful meaning of getting rid of the old and spreading the new, praying for happiness, giving thanks and family reunion in various sacrificial ceremonies and celebrations.

  In essence, "Chinese New Year" can also be regarded as a time period. In ancient times, there was no word "Spring Festival", but "the first day of the first month" was often called Yuanshuo, Yuanri, SGD, New Year’s Day, Zhengri, Yuanchen or Xinzheng.

  Meng Lingfa said that until the Republic of China, "the first day of the first month" was named "Spring Festival" and it has been used ever since.

  Second, why is the Spring Festival called Xinzheng?

  Among the various names of the Spring Festival, "Xinzheng" has been widely used since the Sui and Tang Dynasties. For example, Meng Haoran’s poem "The New Year’s Eve will be a happy house in Zhang Shaofu" says: "The old plum blossoms sing, and the new Zhengbai wine bottle."

  In Yuan Xi, an old story of Wulin, Zhou Mi of the Song Dynasty wrote: "As soon as you enter the new school, the lights are getting brighter." In the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the name "Xinzheng" was also continued. In "Cold Swallow in Pingshan", a mountain man wrote: "Because I spent the New Year at home at the end of the year, Xinzheng got up and took office."

  The title of "Zhengri" may have appeared in the Han Dynasty. In the Book of Beginners of Tang Xujian, four quotations from the Four People’s Moon Order of Han Dynasty said: "The first day of the first month is called Zhengri." Whether it’s a new day or a new day, these titles all reflect the ancient people’s understanding of the first day of the New Year.

  In essence, these words have certain beautiful meanings. No matter which word is used to refer to "the first day of the first month", the concepts such as "new", "positive" and "yuan" embodied in it all show people’s time positioning for the beginning of a year and their recognition of Vientiane’s renewal.

  Third, how to set the festival with the beginning of the year?

  The Spring Festival can become a traditional festival in China, and it has experienced a long development process, which is also related to the choice of calendar.

  According to Meng Lingfa, China has a very long history of observing images and giving time, but there are still differences from one dynasty to another, which has a direct impact on the tradition of observing festivals at the beginning of the year.

  In ancient times, people took the Big Dipper as the benchmark, and determined that "bucket handle Huiyin" was Chunzheng and "beginning of spring, who built Zhengyin Moon", was the beginning of the year. This is exactly the method of the era of the main branch, or the star calendar.

  Simply speaking, the first month of the summer calendar is in Meng Chun, the first month of the business calendar is in winter and December, and the first month of the week calendar is in winter and November. After Qin unified the six countries, the Qin calendar (Zhuan Xu calendar) was adopted, and the first month was set in October.

  In the early Han Dynasty, the Qin calendar was used. By the time of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, astronomers Tang Dou, Luo Xiahong, Deng Ping, etc., while absorbing the solar terms, made the "taichu calendar" and restored the first day of the spring of the summer calendar as the beginning of the year. This laid the time foundation for today’s Spring Festival, and Luoxiahong, a native of Langzhong, Sichuan, became the "first person in the Spring Festival" recognized by contemporary scholars and was regarded as the "grandfather of the year".

  4. Why was "Nian" extended to the name of the year?

  Nowadays, when people mention the Spring Festival, they always say "Spring Festival". Meng Lingfa explained that "Nian" belongs to the word "He", and Xu Shen wrote "Nian" as "Bang" in Shuo Wen Jie Zi, which means "which is the valley".

  "Gu Liang Chuan Huan Gong Three Years" records that "all grains are ripe for years". Based on this, "year" has the meaning of "year achievement", that is, "one year’s harvest" Based on this original meaning, "year" gradually extended to the meaning of expressing time, and thus concepts such as "year festival", "age", "anniversary" and "age" appeared.

  The same is true of the "year" of "Chinese New Year". As the so-called "spring planting", "summer hoeing", "autumn harvest" and "winter storage" go round and round, it is not difficult to understand that people regard "Chinese New Year" as a festival to celebrate the harvest.

  In addition, "food is the most important thing for the people" and "community" and "millet" are extremely important to people, and in such an important period of the Spring Festival, posting Spring Festival couplets with the meaning of "bumper harvest", holding performances of "social fire" and "social drama", and praying for "good weather" and "bumper harvest" have become very important belief activities.

  5. What is the relationship between New Year’s Eve and Spring Festival?

  From the time point of view, New Year’s Eve is connected with the Spring Festival, but it has its origin, that is, "expelling diseases and ghosts". Han stone reliefs have "Nuo Opera Map", and Song Yi’s painting "Da Nuo Map" is proof.

  Meng Lingfa explained that the original meaning of "except" is "transaction" and "evening" means "night", and this day is generally on the 30 th of the twelfth lunar month, commonly known as "the 30 th of the year" It is night people who "stay up all night", which is commonly called "keeping the old age".

  Therefore, from its original meaning, it can mean "abandoning the old and welcoming the new" and "exorcising evil spirits and avoiding filth" on the last night of the year. Therefore, there are similarities and differences between Spring Festival and New Year’s Eve, and the former can also include the latter to some extent — — Folk custom says that "it is the year after Laba", and "Year" is called "Spring Festival" in modern and contemporary society.

  In addition, according to different kinship, people go to relatives’ homes to pay New Year greetings at different times from the first day of junior high school. For example, in some places, they "return to their parents’ homes" on the second day of junior high school and "aunts and uncles" on the third day.

  6. When does New Year’s Eve appear at the earliest?

  People in China often refer to New Year’s Eve as "New Year’s Eve", which is called "New Year’s Eve" if it is a day or a night. In some areas, the day before New Year’s Eve is also called "New Year’s Eve".

  From the perspective of classics, the appearance of "New Year’s Eve" may be much later than the Spring Festival. The earliest reference to "New Year’s Eve" in the existing literature is the "Records of Local Customs" written by the Western Jin and Zhou Dynasties. "On New Year’s Eve, if you don’t sleep, it is called keeping the year."

  Most of New Year’s Eve falls on the 30th of the twelfth lunar month, but it also falls on the 29th of the twelfth lunar month. Meng Lingfa said that the traditional calendar in China is generally a combination of yin and yang, which considers both the sun and the moon, and the Big Dipper and the Twenty-eight Nights. However, in order to bridge the time difference between the sun, the moon and the stars, a flat year and a leap year were established.

  Therefore, there are 30 days and 29 days in the last month of the lunar year, but there are more than 30 days.

  Seven, why do you want to keep the age?

  "Shounian" is also called "Shounian Fire", according to the age, etc. Simply put, after dinner, the whole family entered the first day of the first month from "New Year’s Eve" until dawn.

  Meng Lingfa believes that one of the reasons for this custom may be that "Shounian" originated from ancient nature worship and people’s reasonable explanation of it. People take the behavior of "staying up late" to resolve the survival crisis brought by the imaginary "Nian beast".

  In other words, people hope to build an invisible force in the span of two periods to drive away all evil diseases and epidemics, so as to realize the effective protection of family or collective members.

  In a word, the custom of "keeping the old age" on New Year’s Eve mainly comes from a symbolic expression of people’s alternation between the old and the new, which embodies people’s perceptual cognition and treatment of the cyclical changes in natural time series, and gradually moves towards national entertainment.

  8. What are the main customs of the Spring Festival?

  During the Spring Festival, there are various festival customs, such as eating jiaozi, setting off fireworks, paying lucky money and visiting temple fairs.

  After eating the New Year’s Eve dinner, I also took back the Kitchen God. When the first day of the first month, everyone went to visit relatives and friends as usual, and "Happy New Year" in turn. People put on their favorite new clothes, prepare refreshments and sweets, and entertain guests warmly.

  In the old folk customs, from the first day to the seventh day, everything is exquisite every day, which is quite ceremonial.

  Nine, why do you want to eat "five spicy dishes"?

  Interestingly, some places eat "five spicy dishes" during the Spring Festival, which are cold dishes composed of five kinds of plants: raw leeks, raw onions, Polygonum cuspidatum, Polygonum cuspidatum and Artemisia scoparia, and some also use onions, garlic sprouts, ginger, peppers and mustard.

  In the Southern Dynasties, Liang Zonggu’s Chronicle of the Age of Jingchu recorded: "Spring cakes, radishes and spiced spring plates are eaten in the New Year". It can be seen that the "five-spice plate" was widely distributed in Chu.

  The "five-spice plate" is basically based on spicy dishes, and its homonym is "new", which means the beginning of a new year. In addition, eating "five spicy dishes" has the meaning of eliminating evil and diseases, and praying for "good health in the new year".

  Ten, saying goodbye to the old and welcoming the new is the core topic of the Spring Festival?

  "Thousands of families always change new peaches for old ones every day." Meng Lingfa said that "saying goodbye to the old and welcoming the new" is indeed the core topic of the Spring Festival. It can be said that most Spring Festival activities are inseparable from this.

  Sticking Spring Festival couplets, door gods, etc. generally appear on New Year’s Eve (noon); The bowing in New Year’s greetings on the first day of the first month, the auspicious words when greeting each other, etc., can all show that both of them have the characteristics of "resigning the old and welcoming the new".

  Meng Lingfa believes that, comparatively speaking, the "farewell to the old" attribute of New Year’s Eve is prominent, and the custom of the first day of the first month is more inclined to "welcome the new".

  In his view, celebrating the Spring Festival is an important activity that China has inherited for thousands of years. We should pay attention to the role of traditional culture in the development of contemporary society, do a good job in the process of protection and inheritance, and better maintain the cultural identity function of traditional festivals. (End)

Hua Xikou leads the interpretation of the official standard of pure beauty cosmetics

In July 2022, the group standard of "CLEAN BEAUTY Pure Beauty" in China was officially announced. In February 2023, with the wide implementation of the group logo in the industry, more and more brands paid attention to standardization construction. As the first drafting unit of the group logo, MCL Huaxikou, an oriental pure skin care brand, was invited to participate in the seminar of "Pure Beauty" of One Leaf, and will attend the 6th China Cosmetics Trend Conference soon, sharing the experience of formulating the group logo and interpreting the pure beauty under the new trend as an industry leader.
Being the guide of the "pure age", Hua Xikou standardized the concept of "pure beauty"
Around 2010, a group of consumers in North America began to abandon chemical synthetic products and embrace healthy and natural skin care methods. This is the prototype of "CLEAN BEAUTY"; In 2012, MCL Huaxikou was founded, and its development core of "pure skin care" coincides with the concept of "CLEAN BEAUTY", which has been mutually confirmed in the development of more than ten years since then.
When "CLEAN BEAUTY" came to China, it had a more vivid and elegant translation: pure beauty. The new concept and new demand of this subdivision track make domestic brands and international giants stand at the same starting line. Based on the industry’s consensus on the concept of "no risk, no harm and transparent ingredients", Huaxikou advocates "five principles of CLEAN and pure skin care" (true label, purity without adding, efficacy demonstration, morality-oriented, natural and organic), which has been widely recognized, and helped Huaxikou to lead the way and achieve a win-win situation in sales volume and word of mouth. At the same time, Huaxikou took the lead in China, publishing a list of 2000+ risk raw materials (the quantity far exceeds the banned standards of the European Union and China, and any six risk components that may cause cancer and teratogenesis, mental addiction, hormone disorder, skin irritation, life injury and environmental pollution will not be added), so as to make the ingredients safe and transparent and create a precedent for the concretization of the concept of "pure beauty" in China.
In the post-epidemic era, based on the huge user group and the thirst for health, China’s "pure beauty" has increased rapidly in China, and various brands, even supply chains and R&D institutions have made bets one after another. China has gradually occupied the mainstream of the global "pure beauty" development. However, at that time, there was still an objective question between the industry and users: What exactly is "CLEAN BEAUTY Pure Beauty"? There is no uniform definition for its standard, even in the North American market of origin, and users easily confuse it with natural cosmetics, organic cosmetics, green/sustainable cosmetics, plant cosmetics and other concepts. Conceptual marketing such as "pure beauty is nothing to add", "pure beauty is nature" and "pure beauty is zero burden" affects users’ minds, and there are even three brands that exploit loopholes in the industry, ignoring users’ health and making real pure brands suffer criticism. Hua Xikou has witnessed and participated in the development of "Pure Beauty" in China, and has also assumed the brand responsibility of avoiding the chaos in the industry and promoting the standardized development. In 2021, Huaxikou released the first Green Paper on Pure Beauty in China, which can help users understand the knowledge of pure beauty and enable industry partners to build a safe and compliant production process of pure beauty. Hua Xikou pioneered the standardization of "pure beauty" in China step by step, and also voiced to users with strength: pure beauty is no longer a single concept, but a complete and rigorous system!
The scientific and rigorous group logo has become a powerful engine for the high-quality and high-speed development of "Pure Beauty" in China.
With eleven years’ professional experience in focusing on the pure track, Hua Xikou has the strength to formulate the first group standard of "CLEAN BEAUTY Pure Beauty" in China. The drafting and correction of the group logo lasted more than 600 days, including not limited to the literature research of skin care ingredients such as 20000+ deformity and carcinogenesis, the support of six data platforms such as drug supervision system /IFRA, and the research of 40+ pure related brands, which was confirmed by the guidance and evaluation of authoritative experts in the industry. In the end, the standard was issued by Guangdong Cosmetics Society and certified by Guangdong Civil Affairs Department (No.T/GDCA011-2022). With a scientific and rigorous expression, the standard of "CLEAN BEAUTY Pure Beauty" in China was finalized: "Pure beauty is a cosmetic whose life cycle conforms to openness, transparency, traceability, human health and safety, environmental friendliness, kindness to animals and social responsibility and humanitarianism." At the same time, it also stipulates the high standard requirements of all links in the product life cycle, from composition, research and development, design, efficacy, pro-testing, packaging and other links, high standard operation and high standard implementation.
Since the release of the group logo, a "standard" revolution has been set off in the beauty industry. In the past, users only stayed in the concept of pure beauty, but now they have a more detailed interpretation and reference; For the industry, it is a breakthrough innovation and a pioneering work in the global market to move from the previous conceptual consensus to a brand-new "pure era" with standards to follow. Gong Tiangui, founder and CEO of Huaxikou, mentioned: "Why is the purity standard a perfect and rigorous system? Because from the brand point of view, consumer demand and market trends have been changing, our standards for pure beauty can no longer rely on the past consensus. We should have forward-looking thinking and pay attention to the sustainable development of pure beauty. Through official standards, it is self-motivated and fully implemented, always maintaining deep links with users, and always maintaining the resilience and competitiveness of the brand. "
It can be seen that the real "CLEAN BEAUTY Pure Beauty" is the brand’s control over the whole product life cycle, the innovation to meet the needs of the market and users, and the sense of responsibility to be environmentally friendly and reduce the burden on the earth. Only in the concept of marketing, you can fight for the first time to cut leeks, but you can’t get the reputation of users; One-sided definition of pure beauty from "natural", "forbidden ingredients" and "zero addition" only consolidates the basic skills of purity, but can’t keep the brand and products impeccable in the whole cycle and constantly upgrade their sustainable advantages. To have all three, we must comprehensively strengthen all aspects, and even establish a standard system by linking the upstream and downstream supply chains. Now Huaxi Kou has implemented the detailed rules of the group standard in various R&D chains, such as the first list of risk components, laying a safe foundation; Trace the origin of oriental flowers and plants and explore pure ingredients; Established the "Pure Beauty Innovation Research Center" jointly with Xiaoyu Pro-test and Xuanjia Bio, and upgraded the raw material extraction again; Emphasize brand aesthetics and pleasant experience, and pay attention to the joint creation of culture and creation; All products have been tested by human body, insisting on user’s real data feedback; Product packaging advocates environmental friendliness, using soybean ink printing, etc. Focusing on the requirements of the group logo, Hua Xikou achieves the unity of knowledge and action, and always creates the first.
In the past, we chased and imitated international beauty; In the era of purity, if Hua Xikou wants to be a leader and creator, the brand upgrade will not happen overnight, let alone a slogan and enthusiasm, but it needs unremitting exploration and persistence. On this difficult but absolutely correct "standardization" road, Hua Xikou sincerely hopes to share the standard experience and build a standard future with the industry, and work together to promote the high-quality and rapid development of "pure beauty" in China.

Postgraduate entrance examination in 2020 starts today: 3.41 million people signed up for a record high.

  BEIJING, Dec. 21 (Yang Yuqi Lang) Starting today, the 2020 national postgraduate entrance examination will be held, and the number of applicants for this examination has reached 3.41 million, a record high. On the eve of the examination, the Ministry of Education stressed that it is determined to safeguard the fairness and justice of the research and recruitment examination, and announced the telephone number for reporting violations of the examination.

  On November 25th, in the Yifu Library of guizhou minzu university, students taking the postgraduate entrance examination were reading and reviewing books to prepare for the national postgraduate entrance examination in 2020. China News Service reporter Yan Honglun photo

  3.41 million people applied for the exam! The number of applicants for postgraduate entrance examination has reached a record high.

  In 2020, the written examination of the national postgraduate entrance examination will be held from December 21st to 23rd. According to the data released by the Ministry of Education, the number of applicants for this examination is as high as 3.41 million, which is 510,000 more than the 2.9 million in the previous year, and it has once again set a new record.

  In fact, in recent years, the scale of the postgraduate entrance examination army has been increasing, and the number of applicants has reached record highs.

  According to statistics, in 2016, the number of graduate students enrolled was 1.77 million. In 2017, the number of graduate students enrolled broke the 2 million mark for the first time, reaching 2.01 million. By 2018, the number of applicants for postgraduate entrance examination rose to 2.38 million, an increase of 18.4% over the previous year. This increase was refreshed again in 2019. In 2019, the number of postgraduate students nationwide reached 2.9 million, an increase of 520,000 compared with 2018, and the growth rate rose to 21%.

  Looking at the enrollment data of postgraduate entrance examination in the past five years, from 1.77 million in 2016 to 3.41 million in 2020, the number of applicants for postgraduate entrance examination has nearly doubled in five years.

  From a local perspective, the number of applicants for research and recruitment in many provinces has increased significantly in 2020. Take Beijing, where there are many colleges and universities, as an example. According to the data released by Beijing Education Examinations Institute, in 2020, there were more than 460,000 candidates applying for admission to Beijing, an increase of 18.7%. Universities with more than 10,000 applicants include Peking University, Renmin University of China, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Tsinghua University, Communication University of China and Beijing Normal University.

  From the perspective of institutions, according to the news of China Graduate Admissions Information Network, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing Film Academy, etc., many colleges and universities have set a new high in the number of applicants.

  On November 25th, in the Yifu Library of guizhou minzu university, students taking the postgraduate entrance examination were reading and reviewing books to prepare for the national postgraduate entrance examination in 2020. China News Service reporter Yan Honglun photo

  The number of applicants has repeatedly broken records. Why is the "postgraduate entrance examination fever" getting hotter and hotter?

  In recent years, the scale of the postgraduate entrance examination army has been growing. During the examination season, "postgraduate entrance examination fever" has become the focus of public opinion, and many media even use "explosion" to describe the expansion speed of the postgraduate entrance examination army in the past two years.

  Judging from the composition of the postgraduate entrance examination army, college students undoubtedly account for the highest proportion. According to MyCOS Research Institute’s survey report on 2018 undergraduate graduates, 16.8% of undergraduates choose to pursue further studies and graduate studies after graduation. The main reasons for studying in China are good employment prospects and career development needs. When the graduate students choose institutions, they are most concerned about the reputation of their major and the brand of the school.

  Some experts and scholars have analyzed that improving employment competitiveness is the main reason why the "postgraduate entrance examination fever" continues.

  "In order to enhance the competitiveness of employment, college students try to improve their academic qualifications as much as possible. Although the level of academic qualifications has not obviously improved the increase of professional ability, because employers attach great importance to academic qualifications, the role of academic qualifications still exists in recruitment, leading to an increase in the number of postgraduate students." Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at China Academy of Educational Sciences, analyzed.

  "From the perspective of candidates, the vast majority of candidates hope to improve themselves and gain better development prospects through postgraduate entrance examination, which is an important reason for the continuous warming of postgraduate entrance examination." Yang Pan, dean of the Postgraduate Research Institute of Zhonggong Education, analyzed that in the current job market, the level of academic qualifications is still directly proportional to salary, and many candidates hope to get good salary through "gilding" their academic qualifications.

  In addition, Yang Pan also analyzed, such as the enrollment expansion of "double-first-class" colleges, the increasing number of undergraduate graduates, the demand for high-level personnel training in economic development, etc., which are all important factors leading to the growth of the postgraduate entrance examination army.

  However, in Chu Zhaohui’s view, there are also problems behind the "postgraduate entrance examination fever". Although a high degree of education can bring advantages to students, this relative advantage will cost a lot of time and opportunity. Candidates should choose rationally according to their own conditions and career plans, and should not have a blind mentality of "following the crowd".

  Data Map: On December 22, 2018, at the test center in Jinan, Shandong Province, postgraduate students lined up to enter the examination room. China News Service reporter Zhang Yong photo

  Serious examination discipline, cheating or expulsion of students from school

  As a national large-scale examination attended by millions of people, the examination style and discipline of the research and recruitment examination has also been a topic of social concern in recent years.

  In November this year, the video conference on the safety work of the 2020 National Postgraduate Entrance Examination held by the Ministry of Education required that the education and examination departments will find out, investigate and deal with violations of disciplines in the entrance examination, and have zero tolerance and will never tolerate them. We will resolutely cooperate with the judicial organs to crack down on the illegal crimes involved in the examination.

  On the eve of the initial postgraduate examination, the examination center of the Ministry of Education announced the telephone number 010-82520029, which will be opened 24 hours a day from December 16 to 22. The telephone numbers of all provinces and municipalities directly under the Central Government are also published on the official website of the Ministry of Education.

  In addition, the Ministry of Education reminds that according to the Interpretation of the Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate on Several Issues Concerning the Application of Laws in Handling Criminal Cases such as Cheating in Organizing Examinations, etc., which came into effect on September 4, 2019, cheating in organizing examinations, illegally selling or providing examination questions and answers, etc. in the postgraduate entrance examination should be considered as one of the "serious circumstances" stipulated in Article 284 of the Criminal Law, and criminal responsibility will be severely investigated according to law.

  Previously, the "Regulations on the Administration of National Postgraduate Enrollment in 2020" issued by the Ministry of Education in August also clearly pointed out that all candidates, examination staff and other relevant personnel who violate the examination management regulations and examination room discipline and affect the fairness and justice of the examination will be dealt with according to the National Education Examination Violation Measures.

  Among them, students who violate the regulations will be punished by their schools according to relevant regulations until they are expelled from school; On-the-job candidates should be notified to the unit where the candidates work, and the unit where the candidates work will be given disciplinary or political sanctions according to the circumstances. For the examination staff, the education examination institution or its unit shall give corresponding administrative sanctions according to the circumstances; If it constitutes a violation of the law, the judicial organs shall investigate the legal responsibility according to law, and if it constitutes a crime, the criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

  The above-mentioned "Regulations" pointed out that the relevant units should record the facts of irregularities or cheating in the postgraduate entrance examination in the "National Education Examination Candidates’ Integrity File", and inform the candidates of their schools or units and record them in the candidates’ personnel files as an important reference for their future studies and employment.

  Tip: 2020 Postgraduate Entrance Examination Time

  Initial test: December 21-22, 2019 (8: 30 am every day & mdash; 11:30, 14: 00 pm & mdash; 17:00)。

  The examination arrangements for specific subjects are as follows:

  On the morning of December 21, the comprehensive ability of ideological and political theory and management was jointly tested, and foreign languages were used in the afternoon.

  Business class 1 in the morning and business class 2 in the afternoon on December 22nd.

  Examination subjects with an examination time of more than 3 hours on December 23rd.

  The examination time for each subject is generally 3 hours; The longest examination time for special subjects such as architectural design shall not exceed 6 hours. Detailed examination time, examination subjects and relevant requirements shall be announced by the examination center and the enrollment unit.

  Re-examination: The time, place, content, method, method of using grades, organization and management of re-examination shall be determined by the admissions unit independently according to the relevant regulations of the Ministry of Education. Re-examination methods and procedures announced by the admissions unit. All re-examination work should generally be completed before the end of April of the year of admission.

What is the reason for the severe car jitter in winter?

Abnormal car jitter in winter may involve many factors. The following are the main reasons:

First of all, engine mechanical failure is a common cause. In the long-term use process, due to the uneven pressure of each cylinder, the ignition gap and time control of the spark plug may be different, resulting in unstable engine operation and vehicle jitter.

Secondly, the failure of the air intake system can not be ignored. Air leakage in the intake pipe, too much carbon deposit in the intake valve and intake pipe, and too much dirt on the inner wall of the throttle valve and intake pipe may all affect the smoothness of air flow, cause the imbalance of mixture ratio, make the engine work abnormally, and then lead to vehicle jitter.

In addition, the failure of the engine management system may also be an important factor. For example, incorrect water temperature, intake air temperature signal or line fault may lead to inaccurate engine control and vehicle jitter.

The failure of the ignition system can not be ignored. After long-term use, the spark plug, ignition coil, fuel nozzle and other components will be worn out, resulting in poor ignition or poor fuel injection, resulting in unstable engine combustion, which will lead to vehicle jitter.

Finally, the failure of the oil supply system may also be a cause. For example, too much colloidal carbon deposit in the fuel nozzle may cause the nozzle to be closed loosely or blocked, resulting in poor fuel supply or unstable fuel supply pressure, resulting in abnormal engine operation and vehicle jitter.

To sum up, the causes of severe automobile jitter in winter may involve engine mechanical failure, air intake system failure, engine management system failure, ignition system failure and oil supply system failure. In order to ensure the normal operation and driving safety of the vehicle, it is suggested that the vehicle should be inspected and maintained in time.

The growth rate of national land sales revenue has accelerated, but third-and fourth-tier cities are still declining.

  The amount of land supply is related to the trend of the property market. According to the latest official data, the national land transfer income has turned from decline to increase, and the total supply of real estate land is approaching the same period last year, but the third-tier cities have fallen sharply.

  According to the data of the Ministry of Natural Resources, from January to August this year, the national real estate land supply was 82,300 hectares, a slight decrease of 1.6% year-on-year. Judging from the data of real estate land supply in the last three months, although the supply of real estate and residential land in the country decreased year-on-year in the first eight months, the reduction rate narrowed month by month; Among key cities, the supply of real estate and residential land in first-tier cities maintained an increasing trend year-on-year, and the growth rate expanded month by month.

  In terms of cities, real estate and residential land in first-tier cities have increased year-on-year. From January to August this year, 70 large and medium-sized cities provided 30,700 hectares of real estate land. The supply of real estate land in the first, second and third tier cities increased by 6.2%, 1.9% and 9.0% respectively, and the supply of residential land increased by 19.6%, 1.4% and 13.6% respectively.

  According to the data of the Ministry of Finance, the national land transfer income in the first eight months of this year has exceeded 3.7 trillion yuan, and the year-on-year growth rate is further accelerated than that in July.

  Ministries regulate the land market.

  Throughout the year to date, the domestic land market has gone through several stages from downturn to rapid warming and falling, and the current signs of land market cooling are more obvious.

  According to the data of the Central Plains Real Estate Research Center, in August this year, 70 large and medium-sized cities in China (corresponding to 70 housing price cities announced by the National Bureau of Statistics) had a total of 1057 land transactions, with a land transaction amount of 250.1 billion yuan, and the land transaction premium rate was only 8%, which was significantly lower than that in previous months. Judging from the land market situation, the recent expectation of tightening financing in the real estate sector gradually affected the land market.

  Zhang Dawei, chief analyst of Zhongyuan Real Estate, believes that, on the whole, the land markets in various places were relatively depressed in January and February this year. With the increase of credit market after the Spring Festival, the financing difficulty of housing enterprises has been reduced. In April, the land markets in some cities showed signs of recovery, and the land markets in first-and second-tier cities continued to heat up, with the monthly turnover of land above 300 billion yuan and the premium rate maintained at around 20%.

  Stabilizing land price is an important goal of real estate regulation and control in 2019. The rapid warming of the land market since the second quarter has attracted the attention of the regulatory authorities, and relevant ministries and commissions have successively taken action.

  In April this year, in order to achieve the goal of city-specific policy and classified regulation, maintain a stable supply of residential land, and guide market expectations, the General Office of the Ministry of Natural Resources issued a notice requesting that the "five categories" of residential land regulation targets be formulated and implemented in 2019.

  The notice requires that land supply should be stopped in cities above prefecture level, counties (county-level cities) with a population of more than one million, and commodity housing inventory digestion cycle is more than 36 months; For 36 to 18 months, the land supply should be appropriately reduced; For 18~12 months, maintain a flat level of land supply; 12~6 months, to increase land supply; For those less than 6 months, the land supply should be significantly increased and accelerated.

  Another Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, which is responsible for the regulation of the real estate market, also began to warn some cities where land prices and house prices rose too fast in April and May.

  In July, the new policies on real estate trust and overseas financing were introduced continuously, which had a certain impact on the real estate land acquisition policy. Since then, the premium rate of hot land began to decrease. In August, the number of operating land in 70 major cities increased significantly, with a total of 72 cases being the highest in the year.

  "The land market, like the property market, is only allowed to appear in Xiaoyangchun, but not in summer. Once the land market is overheated, the possibility of upgrading the policy is not ruled out. " Zhang Dawei said that since August, the land market has entered a stage of rapid fever reduction.

  According to the data of Zhongyuan Real Estate, the data of land acquisition by real estate enterprises also showed a significant decline. In August, the land acquisition by major real estate enterprises decreased significantly. Only eight domestic enterprises acquired more than 5 billion yuan, the highest of which was Vanke’s 15 billion yuan, followed by Poly’s 9.2 billion yuan, Jinmao’s 6.8 billion yuan, Sun Hung Kai’s 6.6 billion yuan and China Resources’ 6.4 billion yuan.

  Yan Yuejin, research director of the think tank center of Yiju Research Institute, also believes that in the second quarter of this year, the central government paid great attention to the overheating of land prices in some cities, and the policy fundamentals were tightened again, especially the tightening characteristics of the financing market were the most obvious, which made it more rational for real estate enterprises to purchase land in the third quarter.

  Third-and fourth-tier cities have obviously cooled down.

  In recent years, the regional characteristics of China property market have become more and more obvious, the trend of the real estate market has been divided, and the pricing of non-quality land by housing enterprises has been lowered. But the competition for high-quality cities and high-quality land is still fierce. Although the regulation policies of first-and second-tier cities are strict, for housing enterprises, in order to increase sales, they will still concentrate on land acquisition.

  While the first-and second-tier land markets maintain a high degree of heat, the land markets in third-and fourth-tier cities show signs of falling back. According to some statistics, since 2019, the land market in third-and fourth-tier cities has not performed as well as last year due to the tightening of shed reform scale and the early overdraft of some demand.

  According to the data of the aforementioned Ministry of Natural Resources, the supply of real estate land in third-tier cities decreased by 9.0% from January to August this year, and the supply of residential land decreased by 13.6%.

  Shanghai Yiju Real Estate Research Institute’s latest issue of "China Baicheng Homestead Transaction Report" shows that from January to September 2019, the transaction area of residential land in 64 third-and fourth-tier cities was 144.88 million square meters, down 7.1% year-on-year. Compared with the trend of first-and second-tier cities, the cooling characteristics of the homestead market in third-and fourth-tier cities are obvious. At the beginning of the past two months, the cumulative homestead transaction area has continued to expand year-on-year, further reflecting the characteristics of market cooling.

  Yan Yuejin, research director of the think tank center of Yiju Research Institute, said that from January to August, due to the influence of policy control and market expectations, the growth curve of related land purchases declined slightly, which fully reflected the cooling trend of the homestead transaction market. From the structural point of view, the cooling trend of third-and fourth-tier cities is more obvious, which is related to the problem that such cities are facing inventory backlog again.

  "From the reason, the current residential transaction market in third-and fourth-tier cities has cooled down and is facing the pressure of destocking again, which will dampen the enthusiasm of housing enterprises to replenish homesteads; At the same time, it also affected the capital withdrawal of housing enterprises and continued land purchase. " Yan Yuejin said.

  The growth rate of land sales revenue accelerated.

  The stabilization of real estate land supply at the national level has also affected the change of land transfer income.

  Since April this year, the Ministry of Finance has no longer disclosed the specific amount of revenue from the transfer of state-owned land use rights in the monthly financial revenue and expenditure, but only released the year-on-year changes. Judging from the data of the past few months, the land transfer income has achieved year-on-year growth in July after experiencing a decline at the beginning of the year, and it showed an accelerated growth trend in August.

  According to the data of the Ministry of Finance, from January to August this year, the national land transfer income increased by 4.2% year-on-year. From January to July this year, it was a year-on-year increase of 3.1%.

  In the first eight months of 2018, the income from the transfer of state-owned land use rights was 3.7 trillion yuan. In 2018, it reached 6,509.6 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 25%, and the total amount reached a record high.

  At the beginning of this year, due to the "worry" that the land market started in the second half of 2018 was cold and the phenomenon of land auction increased, many places also lowered their land transfer income expectations this year when preparing the government fund income budget for 2019.

  Yan Yuejin said that the current control of stable land prices is very strict. Recently, some hot cities have also actively carried out major inspections of the banking system. One of the contents is to check whether there are illegal funds entering the land purchase market.

  "It is expected that the residential land market will be characterized by cooling in September, especially considering that the current financial pressure of housing enterprises has begun to increase, so it is expected that housing enterprises will be conservative and tend to be rational. Of course, we need to look at September ‘ General drop+targeted cuts to required reserve ratios ’ The effect of policy. If the activity of residential transactions increases significantly, the enthusiasm of housing enterprises to subscribe for residential land in the fourth quarter may increase. " Yan Yuejin said.

  From 2011 to 2018, the national land transfer income was 3,316.6 billion yuan, 2,842.2 billion yuan, 4,125 billion yuan, 4,294 billion yuan, 3,254.7 billion yuan, 3,745.7 billion yuan, 5,205.9 billion yuan and 6,509.6 billion yuan respectively.

  There are still four months before the end of the year. If the current situation can be maintained, the income from land sales in 2019 is expected to exceed 6 trillion yuan again.